• Member Y-DNA Tests in Progress

    Member Y-DNA Tests in Progress at FTDNA as of 4/30/2021

     

    Due Date,      Batch #,        Kit #,              Type of Test

    5/31/2021      1187               151181           Y-DNA111
    5/31/2021      1187               955020           Y-DNA37                  
    6/02/2021      1188               572524           Y-DNA111
    6/7/2021         1189               794161           Y-DNA111

                           

    EXPLANATION OF TESTS:

     

    Y-DNA Test:  This is a test of single tandem repeat markers found on a man’s Y chromosome and it is a male specific test.  Women do not have a Y chromosome.  The Y chromosome is handed down from father to son over the generations, so results of this test are used to confirm or disprove a genealogical connection on the direct paternal line.  There are five different levels of yDNA tests offered by FTDNA:  12 markers, 24 markers, 37 markers, 67 markers and 111 markers.

     

    Big Y Test:  This is direct paternal lineage Y chromosome test of single nucleotide polymorphism markers designed to explore ancient, deep ancestral links on the universal paternal tree.  It is intended for expert users with an interest in advancing science, not personal genealogy.  This is an anthropological test, not a genealogical test.

     

    MT-DNA Test:  This is a test of mitochondrial DNA which is found in both men and women.  It traces the direct maternal line without influence from other lines.  Because mtDNA mutates very slowly, this test is more of an anthropological test than a genealogical test.  FTDNA offers the following mtDNA tests:  HVR1, HVR1 and 2, and Full Sequence (FGS) or Mega test.

     

    Super DNA Test:  This is a combination of a male specific-chromosome 67 marker test for the direct paternal line and the Full Mitochondrial Sequence (FMS) test for the direct maternal line.  Results identify the ethnic and geographic origin of the maternal and paternal lines of the individual being tested.

     

    Family Finder Test:  This is a test of autosomal DNA which is found in both men and women.  It is designed to trace most of your ancestral lines and it can identify relationships up to five generations back from you with confidence.

     

    Family Finder Conversion is the conversion of the original Family Finder test to a new platform called the Illumina Omni platform.  The new microarray chip tests about 710,000 unique autosomal DNA SNPs.  FTDNA is changing to the new platform because it offers better potential for future upgrade options.

     

    Backbone Test:  When you take any of the yDNA or mtDNA tests at FTDNA, your results include a free haplogroup determination.  Haplogroup is similar to nationality and reflects your very deep, ancient ancestry.  If your yDNA test is inconclusive, FTDNA will perform a free Backbone SNP test to determine your basic haplogroup designation.

     

    Deep Clade Test:  Once you know your Y chromosome male haplogroup, you may then focus on your branch of the phylogenetic tree through subclade testing, also known as Deep Clade testing.  FTDNA currently offers Deep Clade tests for Haplogroups E, G, H, I, J, N, O,  and R.

     

    SNP Test:  You may also focus on your branch of the phylogenetic tree through testing for specific Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) which help determine your specific subclade.  The L257 SNP test is one example.

     

    Kittler Test:  This is an advanced test of one double marker called DYS385a/b.  By convention, the lowest value is always listed first and the highest value second.  This test will allow you to see the actual order of DYS385a/b.  For example, DYS385a/b is usually 14-11 in Haplogroup R1b and is usually 11-14 in Haplogroup R1a.

     

    DYF371X Test:  This is an advanced test that determines why certain individuals have a null value for DYS425, which is a fairly rare event.

     

    DYS464X Test:  This is an advanced test of DYS464, a fast-moving multi-copy DNA marker.  It could be called a “quazi-SNP” test and it has value for exploring both genealogy and anthropology.

     

    Factoids:  This is a lighthearted “cocktail party” test of predisposition to certain physical traits or conditions.  The list of factoids available to be tested include the following: alcohol flush reaction, avoidance of errors, back pain, bitter taste perception, caffeine metabolism, earwax type, freckling, longevity, male pattern baldness, muscle performance and nicotine dependence.

     

     

     

  • Oldest Modern Human Genome

    The fossil skull of a woman in Czechia (the Czech Republic) has provided the oldest modern human genome yet reconstructed, representing a population that formed before the ancestors of present-day Europeans and Asians split apart. Click here to read the whole story in SciTechDaily. 

  • Genetic signature of ancient Scottish bloodline

    The first genetic signature for Clan MacDougall, MacDonald and MacAllister was discovered and published in 2005 by researchers at the University of Oxford, and since then, the US-based Clan Donald DNA Project has enabled thousands of present-day MacDonalds around the world to trace their ancestry back to their Scottish roots. Click here to read more phys.org.

  • How many generations does a Y-DNA test trace?

    Y-chromosome DNA (Y-DNA) tests trace both recent and distant generations. The number of generations traced by a Y-chromosome DNA test depends on the type of test taken, short tandem repeat (STR) or single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP).

    STR tests are able to trace a male lineage within genealogical times and into historic times. Y-DNA SNP tests trace both ancient anthropological migrations and more recent prehistoric movements. A Y-DNA SNP test also identifies your haplogroup, which represents your deep ancestral origins (tens of thousands of years ago).

  • Are you recording fairy tales in your genealogy records?

    Here's a link to an article written by Dick Eastman that every genealogist should read.

  • FTDNATiP Tool

    FTDNATiP™ (FamilyTreeDNA’s Time Predictor) is a program that predicts the time to the most recent common ancestor for two men based on their Y-chromosome STR matching and STR mutation rates. FTDNATiP™ provides powerful and precise calculations of Time to the Most Recent Common Ancestor (TMRCA) by incorporating mutation rates specific to each STR marker.

    It is important to understand if the TiP calculator says you have, for example, an 80% chance to share a common paternal ancestor with someone else within 8 generations, this does not mean your common paternal ancestor existed 8 generations ago. It means there is an 80% chance your common paternal ancestor existed sometime between now and 8 generations ago.

    To use FTDNATiP™:

    1. Sign in to your myFTDNA account.
    2. On your dashboard, select Matches in the Y-DNA section.
    3. On Y-DNA – Matches, click on the orange TiP icon next to a match’s name to run the FTDNATiP™ report for that match.
  • FTDNA merges with Australian company

    Dr. Lior Rauchberger, CEO of leading Australian genomics company, myDNA, announced a merger with the U.S., Houston-based consumer DNA test company, FamilyTreeDNA, and its parent company, Gene by Gene. Dr. Rauchberger will step into the role of CEO of the merged companies, effective immediately. Gene by Gene co-founders Bennett Greenspan and Max Blankfeld will join the Board of Directors.

    FamilyTreeDNA, launched in 2000, has the distinction of being the first company in the U.S to offer direct-to-consumer DNA testing for genealogical research. myDNA, founded in 2007 by Associate Professor, Les Sheffield, started with a mission to improve countless lives by revolutionizing the field of pharmacogenomics, making truly personalized medicine a reality, before expanding into nutrigenomics to deliver actionable, personalized nutrition, fitness and skincare recommendations.

    The innovative merger of myDNA and Gene by Gene is built on several shared beliefs about the tremendous potential of genetic information to dramatically improve our understanding, not only of who we are and where we come from, but by providing a scientific foundation for actionable, personalized insights, and how they can guide us in how best to care for ourselves and maintain optimal health and wellness both physically and mentally. The two businesses come together as one of the leading global experts of genealogy, pharmacogenomic and nutrigenomic services.

    At myDNA, consumer privacy is paramount. myDNA believes the importance of the consumer's ability to trust in the privacy of their genetic information, and retain control over it, cannot be overstated. Along the same line, Gene by Gene and FamilyTreeDNA will continue acting in the field of Genetic Genealogy, their original business, keeping intact their privacy rules and all terms of service. 

    According to myDNA CEO, Dr. Lior Rauchberger, an M.D. who practiced medicine for nine years before becoming a leading expert in personalized medicine and the intersection of medicine and technology. "It's thanks to pioneering brands like Gene by Gene and FamilyTreeDNA that consumers see the value in safely and securely exchanging genetic information for personalized services. The Personalized Wellness revolution is only just beginning and we're eager to be able to offer FamilyTreeDNA and myDNA members a box seat to a wider range of services thanks to the merging of these fantastic businesses."

    We assure you that our privacy policies and terms of service are all remaining the same. This has no impact on those things.

     

     

  • Tests in progress at FTDNA

    Member Tests in Progress at FTDNA as of 02/06/2021

     

    Due Date,      Batch #,        Kit #,              Type of Test

    02/08/2021    1151               266747           mtDNA Full Sequence

    02/08/2021    1147               464257           mtDNA Full Sequence

    03/01/2021    1161               947608           Y-DNA 37

    03/17/2021    1154               B81909          Big Y-700     

    03/17/2021    1162               944235           Y-DNA 37     

    03/22/2021    1155               19622             Big Y-700

     

                           

    EXPLANATION OF TESTS:

     

    Y-DNA Test:  This is a test of single tandem repeat markers found on a man’s Y chromosome and it is a male specific test.  Women do not have a Y chromosome.  The Y chromosome is handed down from father to son over the generations, so results of this test are used to confirm or disprove a genealogical connection on the direct paternal line.  There are five different levels of yDNA tests offered by FTDNA:  12 markers, 24 markers, 37 markers, 67 markers and 111 markers.

     

    Big Y Test:  This is direct paternal lineage Y chromosome test of single nucleotide polymorphism markers designed to explore ancient, deep ancestral links on the universal paternal tree.  It is intended for expert users with an interest in advancing science, not personal genealogy.  This is an anthropological test, not a genealogical test.

     

    MT-DNA Test:  This is a test of mitochondrial DNA which is found in both men and women.  It traces the direct maternal line without influence from other lines.  Because mtDNA mutates very slowly, this test is more of an anthropological test than a genealogical test.  FTDNA offers the following mtDNA tests:  HVR1, HVR1 and 2, and Full Sequence (FGS) or Mega test.

     

    Super DNA Test:  This is a combination of a male specific-chromosome 67 marker test for the direct paternal line and the Full Mitochondrial Sequence (FMS) test for the direct maternal line.  Results identify the ethnic and geographic origin of the maternal and paternal lines of the individual being tested.

     

    Family Finder Test:  This is a test of autosomal DNA which is found in both men and women.  It is designed to trace most of your ancestral lines and it can identify relationships up to five generations back from you with confidence.

     

    Family Finder Conversion is the conversion of the original Family Finder test to a new platform called the Illumina Omni platform.  The new microarray chip tests about 710,000 unique autosomal DNA SNPs.  FTDNA is changing to the new platform because it offers better potential for future upgrade options.

     

    Backbone Test:  When you take any of the yDNA or mtDNA tests at FTDNA, your results include a free haplogroup determination.  Haplogroup is similar to nationality and reflects your very deep, ancient ancestry.  If your yDNA test is inconclusive, FTDNA will perform a free Backbone SNP test to determine your basic haplogroup designation.

     

    Deep Clade Test:  Once you know your Y chromosome male haplogroup, you may then focus on your branch of the phylogenetic tree through subclade testing, also known as Deep Clade testing.  FTDNA currently offers Deep Clade tests for Haplogroups E, G, H, I, J, N, O,  and R.

     

    SNP Test:  You may also focus on your branch of the phylogenetic tree through testing for specific Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) which help determine your specific subclade.  The L257 SNP test is one example.

     

    Kittler Test:  This is an advanced test of one double marker called DYS385a/b.  By convention, the lowest value is always listed first and the highest value second.  This test will allow you to see the actual order of DYS385a/b.  For example, DYS385a/b is usually 14-11 in Haplogroup R1b and is usually 11-14 in Haplogroup R1a.

     

    DYF371X Test:  This is an advanced test that determines why certain individuals have a null value for DYS425, which is a fairly rare event.

     

    DYS464X Test:  This is an advanced test of DYS464, a fast-moving multi-copy DNA marker.  It could be called a “quazi-SNP” test and it has value for exploring both genealogy and anthropology.

     

    Factoids:  This is a lighthearted “cocktail party” test of predisposition to certain physical traits or conditions.  The list of factoids available to be tested include the following: alcohol flush reaction, avoidance of errors, back pain, bitter taste perception, caffeine metabolism, earwax type, freckling, longevity, male pattern baldness, muscle performance and nicotine dependence.

     

     

     

  • Can I find my biological father using mtDNA?

    Click here to find the answer to that question.

  • What is the geographic and historic origin of Y-DNA haplogroups?

    The following descriptions provide brief overviews of each haplogroup’s origin and geographic distribution.

    Haplogroup A

    Haplogroup A is the first Y-chromosome lineage to diverge, from which all Y-branches are descended. Haplogroup A is restricted to Africa, where it is present in several populations at low frequency but is most commonly found in populations of the Koi and the San tribes of Southern Africa. Early sub-branches of A have been found in central Africa.

    Haplogroup B

    Haplogroup B is one of the oldest Y-chromosome lineages in humans. Haplogroup B is found almost exclusively in Africa. This lineage was likely the first to disperse around Africa approximately 90-130 thousand years ago. Haplogroup B appears at low frequency all around Africa but is at its highest frequency in Pygmy populations.

    Haplogroup C

    Haplogroup C is found throughout mainland Asia, the south Pacific, New Guinea, Australia, and at low frequencies in Native American populations.

    Haplogroup D

    Haplogroup D evolved in Asia. This Haplogroup was later displaced from much of Asia by other colonizing groups but is still present at intermediate frequencies in the aboriginal Japanese and on the Tibetan plateau. It is also found at low frequencies in Mongolian populations and the Altais people of central Asia.

    Haplogroup E

    Haplogroup E is an African lineage. It is currently believed that this haplogroup dispersed south from northern Africa with the Bantu agricultural expansion. E is also the most common lineage among African Americans. It is a diverse haplogroup with many branches and is found distributed throughout Africa today. It is also found at a very low frequency in North Africa and the Middle East.

    Haplogroup F

    Haplogroup F is the parent haplogroup of branches G through T. F lineages are extremely rare and are distributed in Europe, the Middle East, and Asia. Future work will better resolve the distribution and historical characteristics of this haplogroup.

    Haplogroup G

    Haplogroup G was the first branch of Haplogroup F outside of Africa. G is found mostly in the north central Middle East and the Caucasus, with smaller numbers around the Mediterranean and eastward. Haplogroup G represents one of the first peoples in Europe.

    Haplogroup H

    Haplogroup H is nearly completely restricted to India, Indonesia, Sri Lanka, and Pakistan.

    Haplogroup I

    Haplogroup I dates to 23,000 years ago or older. This haplogroup is found throughout Europe, although some branches may be present in low frequencies in Northeast Africa, Central Siberia, the Near East, and the Caucasus regions. Haplogroup I represents one of the first peoples in Europe.

    Haplogroup J

    Haplogroup J is found at highest frequencies in the Middle East, west of the Zagros Mountains in Iran to the Mediterranean Sea, and encompassing the entire Arabian Peninsula. It is also found in north African populations where it has been carried by Middle Eastern traders into Europe, central Asia, India, and Pakistan.

    The Cohen Modal Haplotype (CMH) lineage as well as the presumed lineage of the Prophet Mohammed are found in Haplogroup J-M267.

    Haplogroup K

    The K lineage is presently found at low frequencies in Africa, Asia, and in the south Pacific. One descendent line of this lineage is restricted to aboriginal Australians while another is found at low frequency in southern Europe, Northern Africa, and the Middle East.

    Haplogroup L

    Haplogroup L is found primarily in India and Sri Lanka and has also spread into several Middle Eastern populations (Turks, Saudis, and Pakistanis). It is also found at very low frequencies in Europe.

    Haplogroup M

    Haplogroup M is completely confined to the South Pacific. It most probably originated in Melanesia and then spread into Indonesia, Micronesia, and New Guinea.

    Haplogroup N

    Haplogroup N is distributed throughout Northern Eurasia and Siberia. It is the most common Y-chromosome type in Uralic speakers (Finns and Native Siberians). It is also found in Mongolia.

    Haplogroup O

    Haplogroup O is a branch of the mega-haplogroup K. O originated about 35,000 years ago in Asia. Its branches have spread into Central and East Asia. O has around thirty known subclades.

    Haplogroup P

    Haplogroup P is an extremely rare haplogroup at this time. It is the ancestral line to haplogroups Q and T. It is found at low frequency in India, Pakistan, and central Asia.

    Haplogroup Q

    Haplogroup Q is the lineage that links Asia and the Americas. This lineage is found in North and Central Asian populations as well as native Americans. Among European populations, haplogroup Q is most frequently found in Eastern Europe and Scandinavia. This lineage is believed to have originated in Central Asia and migrated through the Altai/Baikal region of northern Eurasia into the Americas.

    Haplogroup Q-M3 is the only lineage strictly associated with native American populations. This haplogroup is defined by the presence of the M3 mutation which occurred on the Q lineage 8-12 thousand years ago as the migration into the Americas was underway.

    Haplogroup R

    Haplogroup R originated in Central Asia. Most descendants belong to one of two major lineages. They are present at low frequencies across Central Asia, South Asia, and Europe. Haplogroup R-M173 possibly originated in eastern Europe and then migrated eastward into Asia.

    Haplogroup S

    Haplogroup S-M230 is an Oceanic lineage and is found primarily in populations in Papau New Guinea with lower frequencies in Melanisia and Indonesia.

    Haplogroup T

    Haplogroup T is presently found in southern Europe, Northern Africa, and the Middle East. President Thomas Jefferson, formerly of Wales, was Haplogroup T.

  • Mitochondrial DNA Matches

    Our Phillips DNA Project is based on tests of the male Y chromosome which is passed down from father to son, but many members have also taken an mtDNA test which is DNA inherited from their mothers. Unfortunately, mtDNA is difficult to use for genealogy because it mutates very, very slowly. According to FTDNA, if you take their highest level mtDNA test called a mtFullSequence test and perfectly match someone else who has taken a mtFullSequence test, you have a 95% chance of sharing a common maternal ancestor who has lived within 22 generations, which equals about 550 to 660 years. It is virtually impossible to trace back that many generations, especially with regard to women who traditionally change their last name with every generation.

  • FTDNA Sale Extended

    Family Tree DNA's sale has been extended through January 4, 2021. You can purchase a Y-DNA37 marker test for $99 plus postage or a Y-DNA111 marker test for $199 plus postage. They also have other tests on sale but please note that these are the only tests that work for our project. Upgrades are also on sale. Click here to go to a page where you can order a test kit through our project to make certain your results are added to our Phillips DNA Project.

  • Black Friday Sale at FTDNA

    A 37 marker Y-DNA test is on sale for $99 plus free shipping from now until December 1st. Other tests are also on sale. Click here to order a test through our Phillips DNA Project to ensure your results will be added to our project.

  • Neanderthal genes connected to severe coronavirus cases

    Genes inherited from Neanderthal ancestors may be involved in some cases of severe Covid-19 disease. Click here to read more in CNN Health.

  • Pending Tests

    Member Tests in Progress at FTDNA as of 11/12/2020

     

    Due Date,      Batch #,        Kit #,              Type of Test

    11/16/20         1075               655847           Big Y-700

    11/16/20         1070               233741           Y-HAP Backbone

    11/18/20         1108               252748           Y-HAP Backbone

    11/23/20         894                 260595           Y-HAP Backbone

    11/23/20         1011               B43755          Y-HAP Backbone

    11/23/20         962                 453255           Family Finder

    11/23/20         1041               481770           mtFull Sequence

    11/30/20         1127               47471             Big Y-700

    12/28/20         1135               941931           Big Y-700

                           

    EXPLANATION OF TESTS:

     

    Y-DNA Test:  This is a test of single tandem repeat markers found on a man’s Y chromosome and it is a male specific test.  Women do not have a Y chromosome.  The Y chromosome is handed down from father to son over the generations, so results of this test are used to confirm or disprove a genealogical connection on the direct paternal line.  There are five different levels of yDNA tests offered by FTDNA:  12 markers, 24 markers, 37 markers, 67 markers and 111 markers.

     

    Big Y Test:  This is direct paternal lineage Y chromosome test of single nucleotide polymorphism markers designed to explore ancient, deep ancestral links on the universal paternal tree.  It is intended for expert users with an interest in advancing science, not personal genealogy.  This is an anthropological test, not a genealogical test.

     

    MT-DNA Test:  This is a test of mitochondrial DNA which is found in both men and women.  It traces the direct maternal line without influence from other lines.  Because mtDNA mutates very slowly, this test is more of an anthropological test than a genealogical test.  FTDNA offers the following mtDNA tests:  HVR1, HVR1 and 2, and Full Sequence (FGS) or Mega test.

     

    Super DNA Test:  This is a combination of a male specific-chromosome 67 marker test for the direct paternal line and the Full Mitochondrial Sequence (FMS) test for the direct maternal line.  Results identify the ethnic and geographic origin of the maternal and paternal lines of the individual being tested.

     

    Family Finder Test:  This is a test of autosomal DNA which is found in both men and women.  It is designed to trace most of your ancestral lines and it can identify relationships up to five generations back from you with confidence.

     

    Family Finder Conversion is the conversion of the original Family Finder test to a new platform called the Illumina Omni platform.  The new microarray chip tests about 710,000 unique autosomal DNA SNPs.  FTDNA is changing to the new platform because it offers better potential for future upgrade options.

     

    Backbone Test:  When you take any of the yDNA or mtDNA tests at FTDNA, your results include a free haplogroup determination.  Haplogroup is similar to nationality and reflects your very deep, ancient ancestry.  If your yDNA test is inconclusive, FTDNA will perform a free Backbone SNP test to determine your basic haplogroup designation.

     

    Deep Clade Test:  Once you know your Y chromosome male haplogroup, you may then focus on your branch of the phylogenetic tree through subclade testing, also known as Deep Clade testing.  FTDNA currently offers Deep Clade tests for Haplogroups E, G, H, I, J, N, O,  and R.

     

    SNP Test:  You may also focus on your branch of the phylogenetic tree through testing for specific Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) which help determine your specific subclade.  The L257 SNP test is one example.

     

    Kittler Test:  This is an advanced test of one double marker called DYS385a/b.  By convention, the lowest value is always listed first and the highest value second.  This test will allow you to see the actual order of DYS385a/b.  For example, DYS385a/b is usually 14-11 in Haplogroup R1b and is usually 11-14 in Haplogroup R1a.

     

    DYF371X Test:  This is an advanced test that determines why certain individuals have a null value for DYS425, which is a fairly rare event.

     

    DYS464X Test:  This is an advanced test of DYS464, a fast-moving multi-copy DNA marker.  It could be called a “quazi-SNP” test and it has value for exploring both genealogy and anthropology.

     

    Factoids:  This is a lighthearted “cocktail party” test of predisposition to certain physical traits or conditions.  The list of factoids available to be tested include the following: alcohol flush reaction, avoidance of errors, back pain, bitter taste perception, caffeine metabolism, earwax type, freckling, longevity, male pattern baldness, muscle performance and nicotine dependence.

  • FTDNA Thanksgiving Sale

    Family Tree DNA's Thanksgiving sale launched today and runs through 2:00 a.m. CST, November 25, 2020. Here is a link to a page where you can order a test through our Phillips DNA Project which ensures your results will be added to our project. Please note that we only use Y-DNA results for determining matches in our project. We recommend the 37 marker Y-DNA test which is on sale for $99.

     

  • How should genetic distance at 37 markers be interpreted?

    Genetic Distance Relationship Interpretation
    0 Very Tightly Related A 37/37 match between two men who share a common surname (or variant) means they share a common male ancestor. Their relatedness is extremely close with the common ancestor predicted, 50% of the time, in five generations or less and over a 95% probability within eight generations. Very few people achieve this close level of a match. All confidence levels are well within the time frame that surnames were adopted in Western Europe.

    1 Tightly Related A 36/37 match between two men who share a common surname (or variant) indicates a close genealogical match. Very few people achieve this close level of a match, and it is within the range of most well-established surname lineages in Western Europe. It’s most likely that they matched 24/25 or 25/25 on a previous Y-DNA test, and the mismatch will be found within DYS576, DYS570, or CDY.

    2 Related A 35/37 match between two men who share a common surname (or variant) means they share a common male ancestor. The mismatch is likely within the range of most well-established surname lineages in Western Europe. It is most likely that you matched exactly or closely on previous Y-DNA tests, and the mismatch is within DYS439 or DYS385, DYS389i, 389ii, DYS458, DYS459, DYS449, DYS464, DYS576, DYS570, or CDY.

    3 Related A 34/37 match between two men who share a common surname (or variant) means they share a common male ancestor. The relationship is likely within the range of most well-established surname lineages in Western Europe. It is most likely that they matched exactly or closely on previous Y-DNA tests, and the mismatch is within DYS439 or DYS385, DYS389i, 389ii, DYS458, DYS459, DYS449, DYS464, DYS576, DYS570, or CDY.

    4  Probably Related A 33/37 match between two men who share a common surname (or variant) means they may share a common male ancestor. This relationship should be confirmed with additional testing. The only way to confirm the relationship is to test additional family lines and to find where the mutations took place. By testing additional family lines, you can find the person in between. This ‘in betweener’ is essential for you to find.

    5 Possibly Related A 32/37 match between two men who share a common surname (or variant) means that they may be related within the genealogical time frame, but additional evidence is needed to confirm the relationship. If several or many generations have passed since the suspected common ancestor, it is possible that these two men are related. That would require that each line had experienced separate mutations and line would have experienced at least two mutations. The only way to confirm is to test additional family lines and find where the mutations took place. By testing additional family members, you can find the person in between each of you. This ‘in betweener’ becomes essential for you to find, and without him the possibility of a match exists, but further evidence must be pursued.

    6 Not Related A 31/37 match between two men who share a common surname (or variant) means that they are not likely to be related within the genealogical time frame. The common surname is a coincidence. If there is a strong family tradition of a relationship, it is distantly possible that these two men are related. That would require that each line had experienced separate mutations and the line would have experienced at least two mutations. The only way to confirm the relationship is to test additional family lines and find where the mutation took place. By testing additional family members, you can find the person in between the two men. This ‘in betweener’ becomes essential for you to find, and without him a genealogical relationship is unlikely.

    >6 Not Related The two men are totally unrelated within the genealogical time frame on their direct paternal line. Their shared ancestry is deeply anthropological and dates to the common African heritage of the human race.
  • Take a DNA Journey

    Everyone should watch this fascinating video on YouTube:

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tyaEQEmt5ls&feature=youtu.be

  • How Neanderthals lost their Y chromosome

    Neanderthals have long been seen as uber-masculine hunks, at least compared with their lightweight human cousins, with whom they competed for food, territory, and mates. But a new study finds Homo sapiens men essentially emasculated their brawny brethren when they mated with Neanderthal women more than 100,000 years ago. Those unions caused the modern Y chromosomes to sweep through future generations of Neanderthal boys, eventually replacing the Neanderthal Y. Click here to read the entire story in sciencemag.org.

  • Converting from generations to years

    FTDNATiP calculations tell you how closely you may be related to your matches in terms of generations, not years. You can convert from generations to years by multiplying the number of generations by an average numbers of years between generations. In general, you can use an average of 25 or 30 years per generation, although this can obviously vary from family to family.

  • Grandson of President Harding asks to exhume his remains

    The grandson of President Warren G. Harding wants further DNA evidence to support his biological link to Harding. His grandmother, Nan Britton, had an extramarital affair with Harding. Click here to read more in BBC News.

  • Pending Tests

    Member Tests in Progress at FTDNA as of 09/08/2020

     

    Due Date,      Batch #,        Kit #,              Type of Test

    09/14/20         962                 453255           Family Finder

    09/14/20         1041               481770           mtFull Sequence

    09/14/20         894                 260595           Y-Hap-Backbone

    09/14/20         1011               B43755          Y-Hap-Backbone

    09/21/20         1075               655847           Big Y-700

    09/23/20         1108               252748           Y-Hap-Backbone

    09/30/20         1070               233741           Y-Hap-Backbone

    10/12/20         1013               897565           Big Y-700

     

    EXPLANATION OF TESTS:

     

    Y-DNA Test:  This is a test of single tandem repeat markers found on a man’s Y chromosome and it is a male specific test.  Women do not have a Y chromosome.  The Y chromosome is handed down from father to son over the generations, so results of this test are used to confirm or disprove a genealogical connection on the direct paternal line.  There are five different levels of yDNA tests offered by FTDNA:  12 markers, 24 markers, 37 markers, 67 markers and 111 markers.

     

    Big Y Test:  This is direct paternal lineage Y chromosome test of single nucleotide polymorphism markers designed to explore ancient, deep ancestral links on the universal paternal tree.  It is intended for expert users with an interest in advancing science, not personal genealogy.  This is an anthropological test, not a genealogical test.

     

    MT-DNA Test:  This is a test of mitochondrial DNA which is found in both men and women.  It traces the direct maternal line without influence from other lines.  Because mtDNA mutates very slowly, this test is more of an anthropological test than a genealogical test.  FTDNA offers the following mtDNA tests:  HVR1, HVR1 and 2, and Full Sequence (FGS) or Mega test.

     

    Super DNA Test:  This is a combination of a male specific-chromosome 67 marker test for the direct paternal line and the Full Mitochondrial Sequence (FMS) test for the direct maternal line.  Results identify the ethnic and geographic origin of the maternal and paternal lines of the individual being tested.

     

    Family Finder Test:  This is a test of autosomal DNA which is found in both men and women.  It is designed to trace most of your ancestral lines and it can identify relationships up to five generations back from you with confidence.

     

    Family Finder Conversion is the conversion of the original Family Finder test to a new platform called the Illumina Omni platform.  The new microarray chip tests about 710,000 unique autosomal DNA SNPs.  FTDNA is changing to the new platform because it offers better potential for future upgrade options.

     

    Backbone Test:  When you take any of the yDNA or mtDNA tests at FTDNA, your results include a free haplogroup determination.  Haplogroup is similar to nationality and reflects your very deep, ancient ancestry.  If your yDNA test is inconclusive, FTDNA will perform a free Backbone SNP test to determine your basic haplogroup designation.

     

    Deep Clade Test:  Once you know your Y chromosome male haplogroup, you may then focus on your branch of the phylogenetic tree through subclade testing, also known as Deep Clade testing.  FTDNA currently offers Deep Clade tests for Haplogroups E, G, H, I, J, N, O,  and R.

     

    SNP Test:  You may also focus on your branch of the phylogenetic tree through testing for specific Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) which help determine your specific subclade.  The L257 SNP test is one example.

     

    Kittler Test:  This is an advanced test of one double marker called DYS385a/b.  By convention, the lowest value is always listed first and the highest value second.  This test will allow you to see the actual order of DYS385a/b.  For example, DYS385a/b is usually 14-11 in Haplogroup R1b and is usually 11-14 in Haplogroup R1a.

     

    DYF371X Test:  This is an advanced test that determines why certain individuals have a null value for DYS425, which is a fairly rare event.

     

    DYS464X Test:  This is an advanced test of DYS464, a fast-moving multi-copy DNA marker.  It could be called a “quazi-SNP” test and it has value for exploring both genealogy and anthropology.

     

    Factoids:  This is a lighthearted “cocktail party” test of predisposition to certain physical traits or conditions.  The list of factoids available to be tested include the following: alcohol flush reaction, avoidance of errors, back pain, bitter taste perception, caffeine metabolism, earwax type, freckling, longevity, male pattern baldness, muscle performance and nicotine dependence.

     

     

     

  • Our Family Tree is complicated

    Here is a link to an interesting article entitled "DNA from an unknown ancestor found in modern humans"

  • Should you remove your data from Ancestry.com?

    Here's a link to an article written by Dick Eastman on this subject. But I think his last sentence says it all: "Removing your data today from Ancestry.com is a case of closing the barn door after the horse got out."

  • Summer Sale at FTDNA

    Family Tree DNA is running a summer sale on their DNA tests through the end of August. The 37 marker Y-DNA test is on sale for $109 plus postage and the 111 marker Y-DNA test is on sale for $219 plus postage. Although other tests are also on sale, please remember that our Phillips DNA Project only uses the results of the Y-DNA test to place men into Philips family groups. The Family Finder test and the maternal test will not work for the purposes of our project and neither will the Big Y 700 test, which tests a different type of marker on the Y chromosome. Here is a link to a page at FTDNA where you can order a Y-DNA test through our project so that your results will be included in our project:

    https://www.familytreedna.com/group-join.aspx?Group=Phillips


  • Genetic impact of African slave trade

    A major DNA study conducted by 23andMe has shed new light on the fate of millions of Africans who were traded as slaves to the Americas between the 16th and 19th centuries.

    More than 50,000 people took part in the study, which was able to identify more details of the "genetic impact" the trade has had on present-day populations in the Americas.

    Click here to read the entire story in bbc.com news.

  • Why does my close Y-DNA match not show up in my Family Finder matches?

    If both you and your Y-DNA match have taken the Family Finder autosomal test but do not share any detectable autosomal DNA, it means that your relationship is unlikely to be within the past five generations. Autosomal DNA dilutes very rapidly from generation to generation. On average, you only share 0.78% of your autosomal DNA with a third cousin.

  • I have my family tree back to Adam and Eve

    This is another bit of fiction that needs to be wiped out. Click here to read more in Eastman's Online Genealogy Newsletter.

  • Tests in progress at FTDNA

    Member Tests in Progress at FTDNA as of 06/23/2020

     

    Due Date,      Batch #,        Kit #,              Type of Test

    06/24/2020    1070               233741           Y-HAP Backbone

    06/29/2020    1075               655847           Big Y700

    07/06/2020    1101               B43755          Y-HAP Backbone

    07/06/2020    1085               182315           mtDNA Full Sequence

    07/06/2020    894                 260595           Y-HAP Backbone

    07/06/2020    962                 453255           Family Finder

    07/06/2020    1041               481770           mtDNA Full Sequence

    07/06/2020    1101               IN141670       Big Y700

    07/08/2020    1094               931370           Y-DNA37

    07/13/2020    1101               89083             Family Finder

    07/15/2020    1088               252748           Big Y700

    07/20/2020    1089               169512           mtDNA Full Sequence

    08/03/2020    1101               B644414        Y-DNA111

    08/03/2020    1101               897565           Y-DNA111

    08/03/2020    1101               922670           Y-DNA111

    08/03/2020    1101               47471             R1b-M222 SNP Pack

    08/03/2020    1101               841558           Big Y700

    08/17/2020    1101               69666             Big Y700

     

     

    EXPLANATION OF TESTS:

     

    Y-DNA Test:  This is a test of single tandem repeat markers found on a man’s Y chromosome and it is a male specific test.  Women do not have a Y chromosome.  The Y chromosome is handed down from father to son over the generations, so results of this test are used to confirm or disprove a genealogical connection on the direct paternal line.  There are five different levels of yDNA tests offered by FTDNA:  12 markers, 24 markers, 37 markers, 67 markers and 111 markers.

     

    Big Y Test:  This is direct paternal lineage Y chromosome test of single nucleotide polymorphism markers designed to explore ancient, deep ancestral links on the universal paternal tree.  It is intended for expert users with an interest in advancing science, not personal genealogy.  This is an anthropological test, not a genealogical test.

     

    MT-DNA Test:  This is a test of mitochondrial DNA which is found in both men and women.  It traces the direct maternal line without influence from other lines.  Because mtDNA mutates very slowly, this test is more of an anthropological test than a genealogical test.  FTDNA offers the following mtDNA tests:  HVR1, HVR1 and 2, and Full Sequence (FGS) or Mega test.

     

    Super DNA Test:  This is a combination of a male specific-chromosome 67 marker test for the direct paternal line and the Full Mitochondrial Sequence (FMS) test for the direct maternal line.  Results identify the ethnic and geographic origin of the maternal and paternal lines of the individual being tested.

     

    Family Finder Test:  This is a test of autosomal DNA which is found in both men and women.  It is designed to trace most of your ancestral lines and it can identify relationships up to five generations back from you with confidence.

     

    Family Finder Conversion is the conversion of the original Family Finder test to a new platform called the Illumina Omni platform.  The new microarray chip tests about 710,000 unique autosomal DNA SNPs.  FTDNA is changing to the new platform because it offers better potential for future upgrade options.

     

    Backbone Test:  When you take any of the yDNA or mtDNA tests at FTDNA, your results include a free haplogroup determination.  Haplogroup is similar to nationality and reflects your very deep, ancient ancestry.  If your yDNA test is inconclusive, FTDNA will perform a free Backbone SNP test to determine your basic haplogroup designation.

     

    Deep Clade Test:  Once you know your Y chromosome male haplogroup, you may then focus on your branch of the phylogenetic tree through subclade testing, also known as Deep Clade testing.  FTDNA currently offers Deep Clade tests for Haplogroups E, G, H, I, J, N, O,  and R.

     

    SNP Test:  You may also focus on your branch of the phylogenetic tree through testing for specific Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) which help determine your specific subclade.  The L257 SNP test is one example.

     

    Kittler Test:  This is an advanced test of one double marker called DYS385a/b.  By convention, the lowest value is always listed first and the highest value second.  This test will allow you to see the actual order of DYS385a/b.  For example, DYS385a/b is usually 14-11 in Haplogroup R1b and is usually 11-14 in Haplogroup R1a.

     

    DYF371X Test:  This is an advanced test that determines why certain individuals have a null value for DYS425, which is a fairly rare event.

     

    DYS464X Test:  This is an advanced test of DYS464, a fast-moving multi-copy DNA marker.  It could be called a “quazi-SNP” test and it has value for exploring both genealogy and anthropology.

     

    Factoids:  This is a lighthearted “cocktail party” test of predisposition to certain physical traits or conditions.  The list of factoids available to be tested include the following: alcohol flush reaction, avoidance of errors, back pain, bitter taste perception, caffeine metabolism, earwax type, freckling, longevity, male pattern baldness, muscle performance and nicotine dependence.

     

     

     

  • Father's Day Sale at FTDNA

    Now through June 21 at FTDNA, a 37 marker Y-DNA test is $109 plus postage and an 111 marker Y-DNA test is $219 plus postage. The Big Y-700 SNP test is also on sale but it is not useful for matching within a genealogical time frame and neither is the Family Finder test or the mtDNA test for the purposes of our project. Use this link to order a Y-DNA test through our Phillips DNA Project:

    https://www.familytreedna.com/group-join.aspx?Group=Phillips

  • Genealogy Myths

    Family legends are a fascinating part of who we are and where we came from. Many of the storytellers who passed down these tales surely believed them, and even those who didn’t must have had a strong sense of family pride. Why would your ancestors repeat these stories if not to preserve their family’s history? Be aware, however, that many family legends are false or perhaps only partly true. Ferreting out the nuggets of truth can be a fun exercise that enriches your family tree. Click here to read the entire article in Eastman's Online Genealogy Newsletter.

  • When a DNA Test Says You Are Not Yourself

    After a bone marrow transplant, a man with leukemia found that his donor’s DNA traveled to unexpected parts of his body. A crime lab is now studying the case. Click here to read the entire story in the New York Times.

  • There were three brothers and . . .

    Yes, someplace in history there probably were three brothers somewhere who split up and went separate ways. But 99.9% of the “three brothers” stories you will hear are fictitious. Click here to read the entire article in Eastman's Online Genealogy Newsletter.

  • Genealogy Cancellations and Postponements due to Coronavirus

    Here is a link to the list provided in Eastman's Online Genealogy Newsletter.

  • Celebrate National DNA Day

    Family Tree DNA is celebrating National DNA Day with a sale on their DNA tests. Their 37 marker Y-DNA test which is usually $119 plus postage is on sale for $99 plus postage through April 26th. Here is a link to a page where you can order this Y-DNA test through our Phillips DNA Project which will automatically enroll you in our project. Please note that the groups in our project are entirely based on Y-DNA tests:

    https://www.familytreedna.com/group-join.aspx?Group=Phillips

  • Member tests in progress at FTDNA

    Member Tests in Progress at FTDNA as of 04/14/2020

     

    Due Date,      Batch #,        Kit #,              Type of Test

    04/15/2020    1070               233741           Y-Hap Backbone

    04/15/2020    868                 841558           Y-Hap Backbone

    04/22/2020    961                 902589           Big Y-700

    04/27/2020    1047               IN78174          Big Y-700

    04/27/2020    1011               B43755           Y-Hap Backbone

    04/27/2020    894                 260595           Y-Hap Backbone

    04/27/2020    962                 453255           Family Finder

    04/27/2020    1041               481770           mtFull Sequence

    04/27/2020    1073               MK48605        mtFull Sequence

    05/11/2020    1077               373605           Big Y-700

    05/18/2020    1071               175620           Big Y-700

    06/01/2020    1075               655847           Big Y-700

    06/03/2020    1076               663118           Big Y-700

     

     

    EXPLANATION OF TESTS:

     

    Y-DNA Test:  This is a test of single tandem repeat markers found on a man’s Y chromosome and it is a male specific test.  Women do not have a Y chromosome.  The Y chromosome is handed down from father to son over the generations, so results of this test are used to confirm or disprove a genealogical connection on the direct paternal line.  There are five different levels of yDNA tests offered by FTDNA:  12 markers, 24 markers, 37 markers, 67 markers and 111 markers.

     

    Big Y Test:  This is direct paternal lineage Y chromosome test of single nucleotide polymorphism markers designed to explore ancient, deep ancestral links on the universal paternal tree.  It is intended for expert users with an interest in advancing science, not personal genealogy.  This is an anthropological test, not a genealogical test.

     

    MT-DNA Test:  This is a test of mitochondrial DNA which is found in both men and women.  It traces the direct maternal line without influence from other lines.  Because mtDNA mutates very slowly, this test is more of an anthropological test than a genealogical test.  FTDNA offers the following mtDNA tests:  HVR1, HVR1 and 2, and Full Sequence (FGS) or Mega test.

     

    Super DNA Test:  This is a combination of a male specific-chromosome 67 marker test for the direct paternal line and the Full Mitochondrial Sequence (FMS) test for the direct maternal line.  Results identify the ethnic and geographic origin of the maternal and paternal lines of the individual being tested.

     

    Family Finder Test:  This is a test of autosomal DNA which is found in both men and women.  It is designed to trace most of your ancestral lines and it can identify relationships up to five generations back from you with confidence.

     

    Family Finder Conversion is the conversion of the original Family Finder test to a new platform called the Illumina Omni platform.  The new microarray chip tests about 710,000 unique autosomal DNA SNPs.  FTDNA is changing to the new platform because it offers better potential for future upgrade options.

     

    Backbone Test:  When you take any of the yDNA or mtDNA tests at FTDNA, your results include a free haplogroup determination.  Haplogroup is similar to nationality and reflects your very deep, ancient ancestry.  If your yDNA test is inconclusive, FTDNA will perform a free Backbone SNP test to determine your basic haplogroup designation.

     

    Deep Clade Test:  Once you know your Y chromosome male haplogroup, you may then focus on your branch of the phylogenetic tree through subclade testing, also known as Deep Clade testing.  FTDNA currently offers Deep Clade tests for Haplogroups E, G, H, I, J, N, O,  and R.

     

    SNP Test:  You may also focus on your branch of the phylogenetic tree through testing for specific Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) which help determine your specific subclade.  The L257 SNP test is one example.

     

    Kittler Test:  This is an advanced test of one double marker called DYS385a/b.  By convention, the lowest value is always listed first and the highest value second.  This test will allow you to see the actual order of DYS385a/b.  For example, DYS385a/b is usually 14-11 in Haplogroup R1b and is usually 11-14 in Haplogroup R1a.

     

    DYF371X Test:  This is an advanced test that determines why certain individuals have a null value for DYS425, which is a fairly rare event.

     

    DYS464X Test:  This is an advanced test of DYS464, a fast-moving multi-copy DNA marker.  It could be called a “quazi-SNP” test and it has value for exploring both genealogy and anthropology.

     

    Factoids:  This is a lighthearted “cocktail party” test of predisposition to certain physical traits or conditions.  The list of factoids available to be tested include the following: alcohol flush reaction, avoidance of errors, back pain, bitter taste perception, caffeine metabolism, earwax type, freckling, longevity, male pattern baldness, muscle performance and nicotine dependence.

     

     

     

  • Ken Burns presents "The Gene: An Intimate History"

    Ken Burns Presents the Gene: An Intimate History will be broadcast on April 7 and 14 on PBS. Pulitzer Prize-winning author Siddhartha Mukherjee, M.D. and acclaimed filmmaker Ken Burns have collaborated on the new documentary inspired by Mukherjee’s best-selling 2016 book, The Gene: An Intimate History. Click here to read more about it in Eastman's Online Genealogy Newsletter.

  • Will this year's census be the last?

    In the past two centuries, the evolution of the U.S. Census has tracked the country's social tensions and reflected its political controversies. Now its future is in question. Click here to read the entire story in The New Yorker.

  • Historic Migration Patterns are written in Americans' DNA

    Genetic, geographic, and demographic data from more than 30,000 Americans reveal more genetic diversity within ancestry groups than previously thought. Click here to read more in Eastman's Online Genealogy Newsletter.

  • DNA Test Results Can Be Life-Changing

    At-home DNA test kits are helping people understand their roots, but they're also uncovering shocking, decades-old family secrets.

    Enfield resident Ryan Simpson said he bought a DNA test kit when it was on sale but the test results were more than he had bargained for. Click here to read the whole story.

     

  • Predicted Y-DNA Haplogroups

    At Family Tree DNA, a Y-DNA haplogroup prediction is calculated using genetic distance. The calculation finds your most likely haplogroup. The prediction program compares your Y-DNA STR (short tandem repeat) profile to FTDNA's results database. The program uses the results of exact and near matches.

    The process balances using a reliable number of Y-DNA STR markers and using a database of confirmed haplogroups that is sufficient in size. The program uses 14 Y-DNA STR markers for haplogroup predictions. These are the first 12 STR markers in all of FTDNA's Y-DNA tests and two additional markers that they test as check values.

    It is important to understand that you must take an SNP test to establish your haplogroup for certain. It is also important to understand that haplogroups are not the same as family groups. Haplogroups are much larger than family groups and contain many different family groups and surnames.

  • DNA tests in progress at FTDNA

    Member Tests in Progress at FTDNA as of 02/09/2020

     

    Due Date,      Batch #,        Kit #,              Type of Test

    02/12/2020    961                 902589           Big Y-700

    02/12/2020    1040               655847           Backbone SNP

    02/16/2020    1041               B138206         Big Y-700

    02/16/2020    1047               527045           mtFull Sequence

    02/17/2020    1011               B43755           Backbone SNP        

    02/17/2020    954                 39556             Big Y-700

    02/17/2020    962                 453255           Family Finder

    02/17/2020    1041               481770           mtFull Sequence

    02/19/2020    868                 841558           Backbone SNP

    02/24/2020    1031               N34744           Big Y-700

    02/24/2020    1045               779668            Big Y-700

    03/01/2020    1047               IN78174          Big Y-700     

    03/02/2020    1048               130263            Big Y-700

    03/02/2020    1053               172898            Y-DNA111

     

     

    EXPLANATION OF TESTS:

     

    Y-DNA Test:  This is a test of single tandem repeat markers found on a man’s Y chromosome and it is a male specific test.  Women do not have a Y chromosome.  The Y chromosome is handed down from father to son over the generations, so results of this test are used to confirm or disprove a genealogical connection on the direct paternal line.  There are five different levels of yDNA tests offered by FTDNA:  12 markers, 24 markers, 37 markers, 67 markers and 111 markers.

     

    Big Y Test:  This is direct paternal lineage Y chromosome test of single nucleotide polymorphism markers designed to explore ancient, deep ancestral links on the universal paternal tree.  It is intended for expert users with an interest in advancing science, not personal genealogy.  This is an anthropological test, not a genealogical test.

     

    MT-DNA Test:  This is a test of mitochondrial DNA which is found in both men and women.  It traces the direct maternal line without influence from other lines.  Because mtDNA mutates very slowly, this test is more of an anthropological test than a genealogical test.  FTDNA offers the following mtDNA tests:  HVR1, HVR1 and 2, and Full Sequence (FGS) or Mega test.

     

    Super DNA Test:  This is a combination of a male specific-chromosome 67 marker test for the direct paternal line and the Full Mitochondrial Sequence (FMS) test for the direct maternal line.  Results identify the ethnic and geographic origin of the maternal and paternal lines of the individual being tested.

     

    Family Finder Test:  This is a test of autosomal DNA which is found in both men and women.  It is designed to trace most of your ancestral lines and it can identify relationships up to five generations back from you with confidence.

     

    Family Finder Conversion is the conversion of the original Family Finder test to a new platform called the Illumina Omni platform.  The new microarray chip tests about 710,000 unique autosomal DNA SNPs.  FTDNA is changing to the new platform because it offers better potential for future upgrade options.

     

    Backbone Test:  When you take any of the yDNA or mtDNA tests at FTDNA, your results include a free haplogroup determination.  Haplogroup is similar to nationality and reflects your very deep, ancient ancestry.  If your yDNA test is inconclusive, FTDNA will perform a free Backbone SNP test to determine your basic haplogroup designation.

     

    Deep Clade Test:  Once you know your Y chromosome male haplogroup, you may then focus on your branch of the phylogenetic tree through subclade testing, also known as Deep Clade testing.  FTDNA currently offers Deep Clade tests for Haplogroups E, G, H, I, J, N, O,  and R.

     

    SNP Test:  You may also focus on your branch of the phylogenetic tree through testing for specific Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) which help determine your specific subclade.  The L257 SNP test is one example.

     

    Kittler Test:  This is an advanced test of one double marker called DYS385a/b.  By convention, the lowest value is always listed first and the highest value second.  This test will allow you to see the actual order of DYS385a/b.  For example, DYS385a/b is usually 14-11 in Haplogroup R1b and is usually 11-14 in Haplogroup R1a.

     

    DYF371X Test:  This is an advanced test that determines why certain individuals have a null value for DYS425, which is a fairly rare event.

     

    DYS464X Test:  This is an advanced test of DYS464, a fast-moving multi-copy DNA marker.  It could be called a “quazi-SNP” test and it has value for exploring both genealogy and anthropology.

     

    Factoids:  This is a lighthearted “cocktail party” test of predisposition to certain physical traits or conditions.  The list of factoids available to be tested include the following: alcohol flush reaction, avoidance of errors, back pain, bitter taste perception, caffeine metabolism, earwax type, freckling, longevity, male pattern baldness, muscle performance and nicotine dependence.

     

     

     

  • Valentine's Day Sale at FTDNA

  • The Curse of Sudden Death

    No one knew why kids in two Amish families were dying suddenly while playing and running around. Now researchers have some answers. It's due to a recessive mutation in their autosomal DNA. Click here to read more at CNN Health.

  • Disappearing Genealogy Message Boards and Mailing Lists

    Click here to read an article in Dick Eastman's Online Genealogy Newsletter about a Do-It-Yourself replacement for disappearing genealogy message boards and mailing lists.

  • Is searching genetic genealogical databases for criminals unconstitutional?

    FAIRBANKS, Alaska (WMTW) Lawyers for an Auburn, Maine man accused of raping and killing a woman at the University of Alaska Fairbanks in 1993 are asking a judge to dismiss the charges.

    Downs was a student at the university at the time of Sergie's murder on April 26, 1993. Her body was found in a bathtub in the same dormitory where Downs lived. Investigators said she had been shot and stabbed.

    Down has pleaded not guilty to all charges.

    Downs was arrested in February of 2019 after investigators submitted a DNA sample from the crime to a company that uses extracted DNA to perform genetic genealogy testing. The sample matched another sample that had been submitted by a relative of Downs.

    Defense lawyers claim that searching the genealogical database amounts to an unconstitutional search and an invasion of Downs' privacy.

    Downs' lawyers are asking a judge to not only dismiss the indictment against Downs but to also suppress the DNA evidence that linked him to the murder.

  • Stone Age chewing gum holds clues to the life of a young girl who lived 5,700 years ago

    Lola, a young girl who lived in Denmark 5,700 years ago, had blue eyes, dark skin and dark hair. Her last meal included hazelnuts and mallard duck but no milk -- she couldn't stomach dairy.

    And the reason we know any of this is because she chewed on birch pitch, a material that functioned a bit like an ancient chewing gum. Click here to read the rest of this fascinating story.
  • New sale at FTDNA

    The Black Friday sale is over at FTDNA but their Christmas sale has now kicked in. Here is a link to a page where you can order a Y-DNA test through our Phillips DNA Project, which insures you will be included in the project. We recommend starting with the Y-DNA37 test which is on sale for $99 plus postage:

     

    https://www.familytreedna.com/group-join.aspx?Group=Phillips

  • Sale at FTDNA

    Family Tree DNA is offering their Y-37 test for $99 and their Y-111 test for $199 plus free shipping through Tuesday December 3rd. This is the best price I have ever seen on these two tests. Click here to order either one of these tests through our Philips DNA Project.

  • Tests in progress at FTDNA

    Member Tests in Progress at FTDNA as of 11/20/2019

     

    Due Date,      Batch #,        Kit #,              Type of Test

     

    11/25/2019    954                 39556             Big Y-700

    11/25/2019    894                 260595           Backbone

    11/25/2019    1017               453255           Family Finder

    11/25/2019    1011               B43755          Backbone

    11/27/2019    868                 841558           Backbone

    12/04/2019    961                 902589           Big Y-700

    12/15/2019    1017               655847           Y-DNA111

    12/23/2019    1022               750248           Y-DNA111

    12/25/2019    1024               659482           Y-DNA111

    02/03/2020    1021               IN162119       Big Y-700

    02/19/2020    1024               411788           Big Y-700

     

     

    EXPLANATION OF TESTS:

     

    Y-DNA Test:  This is a test of single tandem repeat markers found on a man’s Y chromosome and it is a male specific test.  Women do not have a Y chromosome.  The Y chromosome is handed down from father to son over the generations, so results of this test are used to confirm or disprove a genealogical connection on the direct paternal line.  There are five different levels of yDNA tests offered by FTDNA:  12 markers, 24 markers, 37 markers, 67 markers and 111 markers.

     

    Big Y Test:  This is direct paternal lineage Y chromosome test of single nucleotide polymorphism markers designed to explore ancient, deep ancestral links on the universal paternal tree.  It is intended for expert users with an interest in advancing science, not personal genealogy.  This is an anthropological test, not a genealogical test.

     

    MT-DNA Test:  This is a test of mitochondrial DNA which is found in both men and women.  It traces the direct maternal line without influence from other lines.  Because mtDNA mutates very slowly, this test is more of an anthropological test than a genealogical test.  FTDNA offers the following mtDNA tests:  HVR1, HVR1 and 2, and Full Sequence (FGS) or Mega test.

     

    Super DNA Test:  This is a combination of a male specific-chromosome 67 marker test for the direct paternal line and the Full Mitochondrial Sequence (FMS) test for the direct maternal line.  Results identify the ethnic and geographic origin of the maternal and paternal lines of the individual being tested.

     

    Family Finder Test:  This is a test of autosomal DNA which is found in both men and women.  It is designed to trace most of your ancestral lines and it can identify relationships up to five generations back from you with confidence.

     

    Family Finder Conversion is the conversion of the original Family Finder test to a new platform called the Illumina Omni platform.  The new microarray chip tests about 710,000 unique autosomal DNA SNPs.  FTDNA is changing to the new platform because it offers better potential for future upgrade options.

     

    Backbone Test:  When you take any of the yDNA or mtDNA tests at FTDNA, your results include a free haplogroup determination.  Haplogroup is similar to nationality and reflects your very deep, ancient ancestry.  If your yDNA test is inconclusive, FTDNA will perform a free Backbone SNP test to determine your basic haplogroup designation.

     

    Deep Clade Test:  Once you know your Y chromosome male haplogroup, you may then focus on your branch of the phylogenetic tree through subclade testing, also known as Deep Clade testing.  FTDNA currently offers Deep Clade tests for Haplogroups E, G, H, I, J, N, O,  and R.

     

    SNP Test:  You may also focus on your branch of the phylogenetic tree through testing for specific Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) which help determine your specific subclade.  The L257 SNP test is one example.

     

    Kittler Test:  This is an advanced test of one double marker called DYS385a/b.  By convention, the lowest value is always listed first and the highest value second.  This test will allow you to see the actual order of DYS385a/b.  For example, DYS385a/b is usually 14-11 in Haplogroup R1b and is usually 11-14 in Haplogroup R1a.

     

    DYF371X Test:  This is an advanced test that determines why certain individuals have a null value for DYS425, which is a fairly rare event.

     

    DYS464X Test:  This is an advanced test of DYS464, a fast-moving multi-copy DNA marker.  It could be called a “quazi-SNP” test and it has value for exploring both genealogy and anthropology.

     

    Factoids:  This is a lighthearted “cocktail party” test of predisposition to certain physical traits or conditions.  The list of factoids available to be tested include the following: alcohol flush reaction, avoidance of errors, back pain, bitter taste perception, caffeine metabolism, earwax type, freckling, longevity, male pattern baldness, muscle performance and nicotine dependence.

     

     

     

  • How does male haplogroup prediction work at FTDNA?

    Male haplogroups are determined by a certain kind of marker called single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). However, Family Tree DNA uses short tandem repeats (STR's) to predict a man's haplogroup as follows:

    At FTDNA, a Y-DNA haplogroup prediction is calculated using genetic distance. This calculation finds a man's most likely haplogroup. The prediction program compares his Y-DNA STR profile to the results database. The program uses the results of exact and near matches.

    The process balances using a reliable number of Y-DNA STR markers and using a database of confirmed haplogroups that is sufficient in size. The program uses 14 Y-DNA STR markers for haplogroup predictions. These are the first 12 STR markers in the Y-DNA test and two additional markers that are tested as check values.

    Should someone’s haplotype not be close enough to another for use to confidently predict a haplogroup, FTDNA confirms their backbone haplogroup placement by testing some of their SNPs.

  • Thanksgiving Sale at FTDNA

    Family Tree DNA is holding a Thanksgiving Sale that ends November 28th. Almost all their DNA tests are on sale but for the purposes of our Phillips DNA Project, only Y-DNA tests are useful. I recommend the 37 marker Y-DNA test on sale for $99 plus postage. Here is a link to a page where you can order a Y-DNA test through our Phillips DNA Project which will automatically enroll you in our project:

    https://www.familytreedna.com/group-join.aspx?Group=Phillips

     

     

  • The Science of Your Direct Paternal Line

    The Y chromosome is a sex chromosome. Sex chromosomes carry the genetic code that makes each of us male or female. All people inherit two sex chromosomes. One comes from their mother and the other from their father. Men receive a Y chromosome from their father and an X chromosome from their mother. Men and only men inherit their father’s Y chromosome. Thus, it follows the same path of inheritance as their direct paternal line.

    Paternal line DNA testing uses STR markers. STR markers are places where your genetic code has a variable number of repeated parts. STR marker values change slowly from one generation to the next. Testing multiple markers gives distinctive result sets. These sets form signatures for a paternal lineage. We compare your set of results to those of other men in our database. The range of possible generations before you share a common ancestor with a match depends on the level of test you take. A match may be recent, but it may also be hundreds of years in the past.

  • Messy Consequences of the Golden State Killer Case

    Tools meant to reunite families are now being “used essentially to get families to put their members in jail.” Please note that the type of DNA being used by police is autosomal DNA, not Y-DNA. Our Phillips DNA Project is a Y-DNA project. Click here to read more on The Atlantic website.

  • Genetic testing scam

    Seniors beware. A new genetic testing scam preys on seniors' cancer fears and may be costing taxpayers million. The cancer test may be the hook, but the real goal is to collect as many Medicare numbers as possible. Read the whole story at this link.

  • Does testing more markers improve the quality of matches?

    You should test more Y-chromosome DNA short tandem repeat (STR) markers when you wish to compare additional markers against others with similar results. They will refine your matches for genealogical purposes.

    It does not increase the number of generations traced by a Y-DNA STR test but rather reduces the range of generations in the time to a common ancestor with your match. It also does not generally increase your number of matches.

    If you do not have many matches or do not have many matches that have tested more markers, you may still choose to upgrade. That way as the database grows and you gain additional matches, you will be prepared to make comparisons that are more refined. 

  • Member tests in progress at FTDNA

    Member Tests in Progress at FTDNA as of 09/02/19:

     

    Due Date,      Batch #,        Kit #,              Type of Test

     

    09/16/19         954                 39556             Big Y-700

    09/16/19         962                 191679           Big Y-700

    09/16/19         962                 B18635          Big Y-700

    09/23/19         980                 B137699        Big Y-700

    09/23/19         988                 912557           Y-DNA37

    09/23/19         980                 555499           Big Y-700

    09/25/19         973                 N73727          Big Y-700

    09/25/19         961                 902589           Big Y-700

    10/16/19         995                 107985           Y-DNA111

    10/21/19         996                 76670             Y-DNA111

    10/28/19         986                 233741           Big Y-700

    11/13/19         991                 285253           Big Y-700

     

     

    EXPLANATION OF TESTS:

     

    Y-DNA Test:  This is a test of single tandem repeat markers found on a man’s Y chromosome and it is a male specific test.  Women do not have a Y chromosome.  The Y chromosome is handed down from father to son over the generations, so results of this test are used to confirm or disprove a genealogical connection on the direct paternal line.  There are five different levels of yDNA tests offered by FTDNA:  12 markers, 24 markers, 37 markers, 67 markers and 111 markers.

     

    Big Y Test:  This is direct paternal lineage Y chromosome test of single nucleotide polymorphism markers designed to explore ancient, deep ancestral links on the universal paternal tree.  It is intended for expert users with an interest in advancing science, not personal genealogy.  This is an anthropological test, not a genealogical test.

     

    MT-DNA Test:  This is a test of mitochondrial DNA which is found in both men and women.  It traces the direct maternal line without influence from other lines.  Because mtDNA mutates very slowly, this test is more of an anthropological test than a genealogical test.  FTDNA offers the following mtDNA tests:  HVR1, HVR1 and 2, and Full Sequence (FGS) or Mega test.

     

    Super DNA Test:  This is a combination of a male specific-chromosome 67 marker test for the direct paternal line and the Full Mitochondrial Sequence (FMS) test for the direct maternal line.  Results identify the ethnic and geographic origin of the maternal and paternal lines of the individual being tested.

     

    Family Finder Test:  This is a test of autosomal DNA which is found in both men and women.  It is designed to trace most of your ancestral lines and it can identify relationships up to five generations back from you with confidence.

     

    Family Finder Conversion is the conversion of the original Family Finder test to a new platform called the Illumina Omni platform.  The new microarray chip tests about 710,000 unique autosomal DNA SNPs.  FTDNA is changing to the new platform because it offers better potential for future upgrade options.

     

    Backbone Test:  When you take any of the yDNA or mtDNA tests at FTDNA, your results include a free haplogroup determination.  Haplogroup is similar to nationality and reflects your very deep, ancient ancestry.  If your yDNA test is inconclusive, FTDNA will perform a free Backbone SNP test to determine your basic haplogroup designation.

     

    Deep Clade Test:  Once you know your Y chromosome male haplogroup, you may then focus on your branch of the phylogenetic tree through subclade testing, also known as Deep Clade testing.  FTDNA currently offers Deep Clade tests for Haplogroups E, G, H, I, J, N, O,  and R.

     

    SNP Test:  You may also focus on your branch of the phylogenetic tree through testing for specific Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) which help determine your specific subclade.  The L257 SNP test is one example.

     

    Kittler Test:  This is an advanced test of one double marker called DYS385a/b.  By convention, the lowest value is always listed first and the highest value second.  This test will allow you to see the actual order of DYS385a/b.  For example, DYS385a/b is usually 14-11 in Haplogroup R1b and is usually 11-14 in Haplogroup R1a.

     

    DYF371X Test:  This is an advanced test that determines why certain individuals have a null value for DYS425, which is a fairly rare event.

     

    DYS464X Test:  This is an advanced test of DYS464, a fast-moving multi-copy DNA marker.  It could be called a “quazi-SNP” test and it has value for exploring both genealogy and anthropology.

     

    Factoids:  This is a lighthearted “cocktail party” test of predisposition to certain physical traits or conditions.  The list of factoids available to be tested include the following: alcohol flush reaction, avoidance of errors, back pain, bitter taste perception, caffeine metabolism, earwax type, freckling, longevity, male pattern baldness, muscle performance and nicotine dependence.

     

     

     

  • Hungary's Secret

    A new DNA study by MyHeritage reveals that Hungary has the world's second largest percentage of population with Jewish ancestry. Click here to read the entire story in MyHeritage blog.

  • Pssst! Want to buy your Family's Coat of Arms?

    Here is a link to an article in Eastman's Online Genealogy Newsletter that debunks the con artist business of selling Family Coats of Arms. As Dick Eastman says in his article:

    Any site that purports to sell “your family coat of arms” is a rip-off. Don’t waste your money.


  • FTDNA Summer Sale

    Family Tree DNA is holding a summer sale through August 31st on some of its DNA tests.  You can order an entry level 37 marker Y-DNA test for $129 plus postage through our Phillips DNA Project at this link:

    https://www.familytreedna.com/group-join.aspx?Group=Phillips

    The 67 marker Y-DNA test is on sale for $199 plus postage and the 111 marker Y-DNA test is on sale for $299 plus postage. However, the 37 marker test is usually enough to identify which Phillips family is your Phillips family. By ordering your test through our project, your results will automatically be added to our project.

    Please note that we cannot use Family Finder, Big Y or mtDNA test results in our project although you might want to take those tests for personal reasons.

  • Is the Big Y-700 test the best for genealogy?

    The Big Y-700 test is a Y chromosome direct paternal line test. It is designed to explore ancient ancestral links on our common paternal tree. This test examines thousands of known branch markers as well as millions of places where there may be new branch markers.

    The Big Y test is intended for expert users with an interest in advancing science and anthropology. It is not a test for matching you to one or more men with the same surname in the way that other Y-STR tests do, such as Y-37, Y-67 or Y-111.

  • Genetic Genealogy Overturns a Wrongful Conviction

    It was the mother of the victim who insisted that a genetic genealogist analyze DNA evidence in the case that eventually led to another perpetrator. Click here to read the entire story,

  • Why don't men who are perfect matches at 67 Y-DNA markers also match on Family Finder?

    It is not unusual for the relationship to be undetected by Family Finder. Most Y-DNA67 exact matches are related within six generations, which means they are fourth cousins or closer. The Family Finder test will detect a relationship between only about half of all 4th cousins.

  • Tests in progress at FTDNA

    Member Tests in Progress at FTDNA as of 06/29/19

     

    Due Date,      Batch #,        Kit #,              Type of Test

     

    07/01/2019    952                 241057           Big Y-700

    07/01/2019    952                 802854           Big Y-700

    07/03/2019    953                 260279           Big Y-700

    07/03/2019    953                 260595           Big Y-700

    07/03/2019    953                 N116909        Big Y-700

    07/08/2019    954                 246259           Big Y-700

    07/08/2019    954                 246259           Big Y-700

    07/08/2019    974                 112187           Family Finder

    07/08/2019    962                 191679           Big Y-700

    07/08/2019    954                 30824             Big Y-700

    07/08/2019    979                 39556             Big Y-700

    07/08/2019    954                 539100           Big Y-700

    07/08/2019    962                 B18635          Big Y-700

    07/10/2019    955                 109920           Big Y-700

    07/22/2019    962                 453255           Family Finder

    07/22/2019    974                 499085           mtFull Sequence

    07/24/2019    975                 411788           Y-DNA 111

    07/29/2019    976                 734491           Y-DNA 37

    07/29/2019    976                 885777           Y-DNA 67

    07/05/2019    978                 899844           Y-DNA 37

    08/05/2019    978                 910277           Y-DNA 37

    08/07/2019    979                 31356             Y-DNA 111

    08/14/2019    973                 N73727          Big Y-700

     

     

    EXPLANATION OF TESTS:

     

    Y-DNA Test:  This is a test of single tandem repeat markers found on a man’s Y chromosome and it is a male specific test.  Women do not have a Y chromosome.  The Y chromosome is handed down from father to son over the generations, so results of this test are used to confirm or disprove a genealogical connection on the direct paternal line.  There are five different levels of yDNA tests offered by FTDNA:  12 markers, 24 markers, 37 markers, 67 markers and 111 markers.

     

    Big Y Test:  This is direct paternal lineage Y chromosome test of single nucleotide polymorphism markers designed to explore ancient, deep ancestral links on the universal paternal tree.  It is intended for expert users with an interest in advancing science, not personal genealogy.  This is an anthropological test, not a genealogical test.

     

    MT-DNA Test:  This is a test of mitochondrial DNA which is found in both men and women.  It traces the direct maternal line without influence from other lines.  Because mtDNA mutates very slowly, this test is more of an anthropological test than a genealogical test.  FTDNA offers the following mtDNA tests:  HVR1, HVR1 and 2, and Full Sequence (FGS) or Mega test.

     

    Super DNA Test:  This is a combination of a male specific-chromosome 67 marker test for the direct paternal line and the Full Mitochondrial Sequence (FMS) test for the direct maternal line.  Results identify the ethnic and geographic origin of the maternal and paternal lines of the individual being tested.

     

    Family Finder Test:  This is a test of autosomal DNA which is found in both men and women.  It is designed to trace most of your ancestral lines and it can identify relationships up to five generations back from you with confidence.

     

    Family Finder Conversion is the conversion of the original Family Finder test to a new platform called the Illumina Omni platform.  The new microarray chip tests about 710,000 unique autosomal DNA SNPs.  FTDNA is changing to the new platform because it offers better potential for future upgrade options.

     

    Backbone Test:  When you take any of the yDNA or mtDNA tests at FTDNA, your results include a free haplogroup determination.  Haplogroup is similar to nationality and reflects your very deep, ancient ancestry.  If your yDNA test is inconclusive, FTDNA will perform a free Backbone SNP test to determine your basic haplogroup designation.

     

    Deep Clade Test:  Once you know your Y chromosome male haplogroup, you may then focus on your branch of the phylogenetic tree through subclade testing, also known as Deep Clade testing.  FTDNA currently offers Deep Clade tests for Haplogroups E, G, H, I, J, N, O,  and R.

     

    SNP Test:  You may also focus on your branch of the phylogenetic tree through testing for specific Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) which help determine your specific subclade.  The L257 SNP test is one example.

     

    Kittler Test:  This is an advanced test of one double marker called DYS385a/b.  By convention, the lowest value is always listed first and the highest value second.  This test will allow you to see the actual order of DYS385a/b.  For example, DYS385a/b is usually 14-11 in Haplogroup R1b and is usually 11-14 in Haplogroup R1a.

     

    DYF371X Test:  This is an advanced test that determines why certain individuals have a null value for DYS425, which is a fairly rare event.

     

    DYS464X Test:  This is an advanced test of DYS464, a fast-moving multi-copy DNA marker.  It could be called a “quazi-SNP” test and it has value for exploring both genealogy and anthropology.

     

    Factoids:  This is a lighthearted “cocktail party” test of predisposition to certain physical traits or conditions.  The list of factoids available to be tested include the following: alcohol flush reaction, avoidance of errors, back pain, bitter taste perception, caffeine metabolism, earwax type, freckling, longevity, male pattern baldness, muscle performance and nicotine dependence.

     

     

     

  • How common is the surname Phillips in the USA?

    Here is a link to a chart prepared by the U.S. Census Bureau that indicates Phillips is the 52nd most common surname in the USA.

  • FTDNA Father's Day Sale

    Save up to 25% off select tests. Remember that our Phillips DNA Project uses only Y-DNA tests to group the men in our project. Click here to order a Y-DNA test through our project so that your results will be automatically added to our project. We recommend starting with the 37 marker Y-DNA test which is on sale for $129.00 plus postage through June 17th.

  • DNA test proves heir to fortune

    A struggling care worker becomes owner of a $60 million English estate after a DNA test proves he's the heir. Click here to read the whole story in People online magazine.

  • Stonehenge: DNA reveals origin of builders

    When researchers analysed the DNA of early British farmers, they found they most closely resembled Neolithic people from Iberia (modern Spain and Portugal). These Iberian farmers were descended from people who had journeyed west across the Mediterranean from Anatolia (modern Turkey). Click here to read the entire story on the BBC News website.

  • Ancestry.com under fire

    Here is a link to an article in Eastman's Online Genealogy Newsletter about a new algorithm Ancestry.com has adopted to analyze autosomal DNA results. Please note that our project does NOT use autosomal DNA to establish our Phillips family groups. We exclusively use Y-DNA results which are much more stable and unchangeable.

  • Leonardo's hair to be DNA tested

    Click here to read about it in Arts Culture & Style.

  • DNA Day Sale at FTDNA

    Sale ends April 28th. 30% off certain Y-DNA, mtDNA and Family Finder tests. Remember that our Phillips DNA Project is based entirely on Y-DNA tests. Click here to order a 37 marker Y-DNA test for $129, or a 67 marker Y-DNA test for $199, or an 111 marker Y-DNA test for $289. I recommend starting with a 37 marker Y-DNA test, which is sufficient to identify your Phillips family group for most men.

  • Current tests

    Member Tests in Progress at FTDNA as of 04/08/2019

     

    Due Date,      Batch #,        Kit #,              Type of Test

     

    04/15/2019    934                 MI24341         Big Y-700

    04/15/2019    940                 91966             Family Finder

    04/15/2019    940                 606103           Family Finder

    04/22/2019    942                 386749           Family Finder

    04/22/2019    869                 503286           Big Y-700

    04/22/2019    928                 874241           Big Y-700

    05/08/2019    953                 N116909        Big Y-700

    05/15/2019    955                 900470           Y-DNA37

    06/03/2019    952                 241057           Big Y-700

    06/03/2019    952                 802854           Big Y-700

    06/05/2019    953                 156888           Big Y-700

    06/05/2019    953                 260279           Big Y-700

    06/05/2019    953                 260595           Big Y-700

    06/10/2019    954                 539100           Big Y-700

    06/10/2019    954                 246259           Big Y-700

    06/10/2019    954                 30824             Big Y-700

    06/10/2019    954                 39556             Big Y-700

    06/12/2019    955                 109920           Big Y-700

     

     

    EXPLANATION OF TESTS:

     

    Y-DNA Test:  This is a test of single tandem repeat markers found on a man’s Y chromosome and it is a male specific test.  Women do not have a Y chromosome.  The Y chromosome is handed down from father to son over the generations, so results of this test are used to confirm or disprove a genealogical connection on the direct paternal line.  There are five different levels of yDNA tests offered by FTDNA:  12 markers, 24 markers, 37 markers, 67 markers and 111 markers.

     

    Big Y Test:  This is direct paternal lineage Y chromosome test of single nucleotide polymorphism markers designed to explore ancient, deep ancestral links on the universal paternal tree.  It is intended for expert users with an interest in advancing science, not personal genealogy.  This is an anthropological test, not a genealogical test.

     

    MT-DNA Test:  This is a test of mitochondrial DNA which is found in both men and women.  It traces the direct maternal line without influence from other lines.  Because mtDNA mutates very slowly, this test is more of an anthropological test than a genealogical test.  FTDNA offers the following mtDNA tests:  HVR1, HVR1 and 2, and Full Sequence (FGS) or Mega test.

     

    Super DNA Test:  This is a combination of a male specific-chromosome 67 marker test for the direct paternal line and the Full Mitochondrial Sequence (FMS) test for the direct maternal line.  Results identify the ethnic and geographic origin of the maternal and paternal lines of the individual being tested.

     

    Family Finder Test:  This is a test of autosomal DNA which is found in both men and women.  It is designed to trace most of your ancestral lines and it can identify relationships up to five generations back from you with confidence.

     

    Family Finder Conversion is the conversion of the original Family Finder test to a new platform called the Illumina Omni platform.  The new microarray chip tests about 710,000 unique autosomal DNA SNPs.  FTDNA is changing to the new platform because it offers better potential for future upgrade options.

     

    Backbone Test:  When you take any of the yDNA or mtDNA tests at FTDNA, your results include a free haplogroup determination.  Haplogroup is similar to nationality and reflects your very deep, ancient ancestry.  If your yDNA test is inconclusive, FTDNA will perform a free Backbone SNP test to determine your basic haplogroup designation.

     

    Deep Clade Test:  Once you know your Y chromosome male haplogroup, you may then focus on your branch of the phylogenetic tree through subclade testing, also known as Deep Clade testing.  FTDNA currently offers Deep Clade tests for Haplogroups E, G, H, I, J, N, O,  and R.

     

    SNP Test:  You may also focus on your branch of the phylogenetic tree through testing for specific Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) which help determine your specific subclade.  The L257 SNP test is one example.

     

    Kittler Test:  This is an advanced test of one double marker called DYS385a/b.  By convention, the lowest value is always listed first and the highest value second.  This test will allow you to see the actual order of DYS385a/b.  For example, DYS385a/b is usually 14-11 in Haplogroup R1b and is usually 11-14 in Haplogroup R1a.

     

    DYF371X Test:  This is an advanced test that determines why certain individuals have a null value for DYS425, which is a fairly rare event.

     

    DYS464X Test:  This is an advanced test of DYS464, a fast-moving multi-copy DNA marker.  It could be called a “quazi-SNP” test and it has value for exploring both genealogy and anthropology.

     

    Factoids:  This is a lighthearted “cocktail party” test of predisposition to certain physical traits or conditions.  The list of factoids available to be tested include the following: alcohol flush reaction, avoidance of errors, back pain, bitter taste perception, caffeine metabolism, earwax type, freckling, longevity, male pattern baldness, muscle performance and nicotine dependence.

     

     

     

  • Member DNA tests in progress at FTDNA

    Member Tests in Progress at FTDNA as of 04/08/2019

     

    Due Date,      Batch #,        Kit #,              Type of Test

     

    04/15/2019    934                 MI24341         Big Y-700

    04/15/2019    940                 91966             Family Finder

    04/15/2019    940                 606103           Family Finder

    04/22/2019    942                 386749           Family Finder

    04/22/2019    869                 503286           Big Y-700

    04/22/2019    928                 874241           Big Y-700

    05/08/2019    953                 N116909        Big Y-700

    05/15/2019    955                 900470           Y-DNA37

    06/03/2019    952                 241057           Big Y-700

    06/03/2019    952                 802854           Big Y-700

    06/05/2019    953                 156888           Big Y-700

    06/05/2019    953                 260279           Big Y-700

    06/05/2019    953                 260595           Big Y-700

    06/10/2019    954                 539100           Big Y-700

    06/10/2019    954                 246259           Big Y-700

    06/10/2019    954                 30824             Big Y-700

    06/10/2019    954                 39556             Big Y-700

    06/12/2019    955                 109920           Big Y-700

     

     

    EXPLANATION OF TESTS:

     

    Y-DNA Test:  This is a test of single tandem repeat markers found on a man’s Y chromosome and it is a male specific test.  Women do not have a Y chromosome.  The Y chromosome is handed down from father to son over the generations, so results of this test are used to confirm or disprove a genealogical connection on the direct paternal line.  There are five different levels of yDNA tests offered by FTDNA:  12 markers, 24 markers, 37 markers, 67 markers and 111 markers.

     

    Big Y Test:  This is direct paternal lineage Y chromosome test of single nucleotide polymorphism markers designed to explore ancient, deep ancestral links on the universal paternal tree.  It is intended for expert users with an interest in advancing science, not personal genealogy.  This is an anthropological test, not a genealogical test.

     

    MT-DNA Test:  This is a test of mitochondrial DNA which is found in both men and women.  It traces the direct maternal line without influence from other lines.  Because mtDNA mutates very slowly, this test is more of an anthropological test than a genealogical test.  FTDNA offers the following mtDNA tests:  HVR1, HVR1 and 2, and Full Sequence (FGS) or Mega test.

     

    Super DNA Test:  This is a combination of a male specific-chromosome 67 marker test for the direct paternal line and the Full Mitochondrial Sequence (FMS) test for the direct maternal line.  Results identify the ethnic and geographic origin of the maternal and paternal lines of the individual being tested.

     

    Family Finder Test:  This is a test of autosomal DNA which is found in both men and women.  It is designed to trace most of your ancestral lines and it can identify relationships up to five generations back from you with confidence.

     

    Family Finder Conversion is the conversion of the original Family Finder test to a new platform called the Illumina Omni platform.  The new microarray chip tests about 710,000 unique autosomal DNA SNPs.  FTDNA is changing to the new platform because it offers better potential for future upgrade options.

     

    Backbone Test:  When you take any of the yDNA or mtDNA tests at FTDNA, your results include a free haplogroup determination.  Haplogroup is similar to nationality and reflects your very deep, ancient ancestry.  If your yDNA test is inconclusive, FTDNA will perform a free Backbone SNP test to determine your basic haplogroup designation.

     

    Deep Clade Test:  Once you know your Y chromosome male haplogroup, you may then focus on your branch of the phylogenetic tree through subclade testing, also known as Deep Clade testing.  FTDNA currently offers Deep Clade tests for Haplogroups E, G, H, I, J, N, O,  and R.

     

    SNP Test:  You may also focus on your branch of the phylogenetic tree through testing for specific Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) which help determine your specific subclade.  The L257 SNP test is one example.

     

    Kittler Test:  This is an advanced test of one double marker called DYS385a/b.  By convention, the lowest value is always listed first and the highest value second.  This test will allow you to see the actual order of DYS385a/b.  For example, DYS385a/b is usually 14-11 in Haplogroup R1b and is usually 11-14 in Haplogroup R1a.

     

    DYF371X Test:  This is an advanced test that determines why certain individuals have a null value for DYS425, which is a fairly rare event.

     

    DYS464X Test:  This is an advanced test of DYS464, a fast-moving multi-copy DNA marker.  It could be called a “quazi-SNP” test and it has value for exploring both genealogy and anthropology.

     

    Factoids:  This is a lighthearted “cocktail party” test of predisposition to certain physical traits or conditions.  The list of factoids available to be tested include the following: alcohol flush reaction, avoidance of errors, back pain, bitter taste perception, caffeine metabolism, earwax type, freckling, longevity, male pattern baldness, muscle performance and nicotine dependence.

     

     

     

  • Member tests in progress at FTDNA

    Member Tests in Progress at FTDNA as of 04/08/2019

     

    Due Date,      Batch #,        Kit #,              Type of Test

     

    04/15/2019    934                 MI24341         Big Y-700

    04/15/2019    940                 91966             Family Finder

    04/15/2019    940                 606103           Family Finder

    04/22/2019    942                 386749           Family Finder

    04/22/2019    869                 503286           Big Y-700

    04/22/2019    928                 874241           Big Y-700

    05/08/2019    953                 N116909        Big Y-700

    05/15/2019    955                 900470           Y-DNA37

    06/03/2019    952                 241057           Big Y-700

    06/03/2019    952                 802854           Big Y-700

    06/05/2019    953                 156888           Big Y-700

    06/05/2019    953                 260279           Big Y-700

    06/05/2019    953                 260595           Big Y-700

    06/10/2019    954                 539100           Big Y-700

    06/10/2019    954                 246259           Big Y-700

    06/10/2019    954                 30824             Big Y-700

    06/10/2019    954                 39556             Big Y-700

    06/12/2019    955                 109920           Big Y-700

     

     

    EXPLANATION OF TESTS:

     

    Y-DNA Test:  This is a test of single tandem repeat markers found on a man’s Y chromosome and it is a male specific test.  Women do not have a Y chromosome.  The Y chromosome is handed down from father to son over the generations, so results of this test are used to confirm or disprove a genealogical connection on the direct paternal line.  There are five different levels of yDNA tests offered by FTDNA:  12 markers, 24 markers, 37 markers, 67 markers and 111 markers.

     

    Big Y Test:  This is direct paternal lineage Y chromosome test of single nucleotide polymorphism markers designed to explore ancient, deep ancestral links on the universal paternal tree.  It is intended for expert users with an interest in advancing science, not personal genealogy.  This is an anthropological test, not a genealogical test.

     

    MT-DNA Test:  This is a test of mitochondrial DNA which is found in both men and women.  It traces the direct maternal line without influence from other lines.  Because mtDNA mutates very slowly, this test is more of an anthropological test than a genealogical test.  FTDNA offers the following mtDNA tests:  HVR1, HVR1 and 2, and Full Sequence (FGS) or Mega test.

     

    Super DNA Test:  This is a combination of a male specific-chromosome 67 marker test for the direct paternal line and the Full Mitochondrial Sequence (FMS) test for the direct maternal line.  Results identify the ethnic and geographic origin of the maternal and paternal lines of the individual being tested.

     

    Family Finder Test:  This is a test of autosomal DNA which is found in both men and women.  It is designed to trace most of your ancestral lines and it can identify relationships up to five generations back from you with confidence.

     

    Family Finder Conversion is the conversion of the original Family Finder test to a new platform called the Illumina Omni platform.  The new microarray chip tests about 710,000 unique autosomal DNA SNPs.  FTDNA is changing to the new platform because it offers better potential for future upgrade options.

     

    Backbone Test:  When you take any of the yDNA or mtDNA tests at FTDNA, your results include a free haplogroup determination.  Haplogroup is similar to nationality and reflects your very deep, ancient ancestry.  If your yDNA test is inconclusive, FTDNA will perform a free Backbone SNP test to determine your basic haplogroup designation.

     

    Deep Clade Test:  Once you know your Y chromosome male haplogroup, you may then focus on your branch of the phylogenetic tree through subclade testing, also known as Deep Clade testing.  FTDNA currently offers Deep Clade tests for Haplogroups E, G, H, I, J, N, O,  and R.

     

    SNP Test:  You may also focus on your branch of the phylogenetic tree through testing for specific Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) which help determine your specific subclade.  The L257 SNP test is one example.

     

    Kittler Test:  This is an advanced test of one double marker called DYS385a/b.  By convention, the lowest value is always listed first and the highest value second.  This test will allow you to see the actual order of DYS385a/b.  For example, DYS385a/b is usually 14-11 in Haplogroup R1b and is usually 11-14 in Haplogroup R1a.

     

    DYF371X Test:  This is an advanced test that determines why certain individuals have a null value for DYS425, which is a fairly rare event.

     

    DYS464X Test:  This is an advanced test of DYS464, a fast-moving multi-copy DNA marker.  It could be called a “quazi-SNP” test and it has value for exploring both genealogy and anthropology.

     

    Factoids:  This is a lighthearted “cocktail party” test of predisposition to certain physical traits or conditions.  The list of factoids available to be tested include the following: alcohol flush reaction, avoidance of errors, back pain, bitter taste perception, caffeine metabolism, earwax type, freckling, longevity, male pattern baldness, muscle performance and nicotine dependence.

     

     

     

  • MyHeritage Theory of Family Relativity

    MyHeritage has a new feature that uses DNA, trees and historical records to theorize how you are related to your autosomal DNA matches. Click here to read about it in familytreemagazine.com.

  • Consumer advocates want Washington to tackle 'Wild West' of DNA test kits

    Click here to read the entire story in The Washington Post.

  • What is the probability that my relative and I share enough autosomal DNA to detect?

    If your relationship is within recent generations (2nd cousins or more recent relatives), shared autosomal DNA will almost surely be detected. Testing will also detect many 3rd cousins and about half of your 4th cousins. It will detect a small percentage of 5th and more distant cousins.

     

    Chances of finding a match:

    Relationship

    Match Probability

    2nd cousins or closer

    > 99%

    3rd cousin

    > 90%

    4th cousin

    > 50%

    5th cousin

    > 10%

    6th cousin and more distant

    Remote (typically less than 2%)

     

    For genealogists, it is best to use autosomal DNA to prove recent relationships (one to five generations). Our Phillips DNA Project relies on Y-DNA testing, not autosomal DNA testing, because Y-DNA is passed down from father to son generation after generation with very little change.

  • FTDNA and the FBI

    Here is a link to a letter that Family Tree DNA sent to all its customers last week. Please note that the FBI is mainly using autosomal DNA results to help solve cold cases. FTDNA calls its autosomal DNA tests "Family Finder" tests. Our Phillips DNA Project is based entirely on Y-DNA results. Y-DNA tests are of limited value to the FBI.

  • Distribution of European Y-chromosome DNA (Y-DNA)

    Here's a link to a Eupedia website that lists percentages of Y-DNA haplogroups by country as well as by populations and regions.

  • Y-DNA Testing for Genealogy

    Here is a link to an easy-to-understand explanation of Y-DNA testing at thoughtco.com.

  • Member tests in progress at FTDNA

    Member Tests in Progress at FTDNA as of 01/07/2019

     

    Due Date,      Batch #,        Kit #,              Type of Test

     

    01/14/2019    912                 871994           Big Y-500

    01/14/2019    869                 503286           Big Y-500

    01/30/2019    925                 877379           Y-DNA37

    01/30/2019    925                 885777           Y-DNA111

    02/06/2019    927                 381707           Y-DNA67

    02/11/2019    928                 394204           Y-DNA111

    02/11/2019    928                 861314           Y-DNA111

    02/11/2019    928                 508528           Y-DNA111

    02/11/2019    928                 883491           Y-DNA111

    02/11/2019    928                 B362328        Y-DNA111

    03/11/2019    912                 871994           Big Y-500

    03/11/2019    928                 872432           Big Y-500

    03/11/2019    928                 874241           Big Y-500

    03/04/2019    926                 342589           Big Y-500

    03/11/2019    928                 31455             Big Y-500

    03/11/2019    928                 888349           Big Y-500

     

     

    EXPLANATION OF TESTS:

     

    Y-DNA Test:  This is a test of single tandem repeat markers found on a man’s Y chromosome and it is a male specific test.  Women do not have a Y chromosome.  The Y chromosome is handed down from father to son over the generations, so results of this test are used to confirm or disprove a genealogical connection on the direct paternal line.  There are five different levels of yDNA tests offered by FTDNA:  12 markers, 24 markers, 37 markers, 67 markers and 111 markers.

     

    Big Y Test:  This is direct paternal lineage Y chromosome test of single nucleotide polymorphism markers designed to explore ancient, deep ancestral links on the universal paternal tree.  It is intended for expert users with an interest in advancing science, not personal genealogy.  This is an anthropological test, not a genealogical test.

     

    MT-DNA Test:  This is a test of mitochondrial DNA which is found in both men and women.  It traces the direct maternal line without influence from other lines.  Because mtDNA mutates very slowly, this test is more of an anthropological test than a genealogical test.  FTDNA offers the following mtDNA tests:  HVR1, HVR1 and 2, and Full Sequence (FGS) or Mega test.

     

    Super DNA Test:  This is a combination of a male specific-chromosome 67 marker test for the direct paternal line and the Full Mitochondrial Sequence (FMS) test for the direct maternal line.  Results identify the ethnic and geographic origin of the maternal and paternal lines of the individual being tested.

     

    Family Finder Test:  This is a test of autosomal DNA which is found in both men and women.  It is designed to trace most of your ancestral lines and it can identify relationships up to five generations back from you with confidence.

     

    Family Finder Conversion is the conversion of the original Family Finder test to a new platform called the Illumina Omni platform.  The new microarray chip tests about 710,000 unique autosomal DNA SNPs.  FTDNA is changing to the new platform because it offers better potential for future upgrade options.

     

    Backbone Test:  When you take any of the yDNA or mtDNA tests at FTDNA, your results include a free haplogroup determination.  Haplogroup is similar to nationality and reflects your very deep, ancient ancestry.  If your yDNA test is inconclusive, FTDNA will perform a free Backbone SNP test to determine your basic haplogroup designation.

     

    Deep Clade Test:  Once you know your Y chromosome male haplogroup, you may then focus on your branch of the phylogenetic tree through subclade testing, also known as Deep Clade testing.  FTDNA currently offers Deep Clade tests for Haplogroups E, G, H, I, J, N, O,  and R.

     

    SNP Test:  You may also focus on your branch of the phylogenetic tree through testing for specific Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) which help determine your specific subclade.  The L257 SNP test is one example.

     

    Kittler Test:  This is an advanced test of one double marker called DYS385a/b.  By convention, the lowest value is always listed first and the highest value second.  This test will allow you to see the actual order of DYS385a/b.  For example, DYS385a/b is usually 14-11 in Haplogroup R1b and is usually 11-14 in Haplogroup R1a.

     

    DYF371X Test:  This is an advanced test that determines why certain individuals have a null value for DYS425, which is a fairly rare event.

     

    DYS464X Test:  This is an advanced test of DYS464, a fast-moving multi-copy DNA marker.  It could be called a “quazi-SNP” test and it has value for exploring both genealogy and anthropology.

     

    Factoids:  This is a lighthearted “cocktail party” test of predisposition to certain physical traits or conditions.  The list of factoids available to be tested include the following: alcohol flush reaction, avoidance of errors, back pain, bitter taste perception, caffeine metabolism, earwax type, freckling, longevity, male pattern baldness, muscle performance and nicotine dependence.

     

     

     

  • Genetic Genealogy Ireland 2018

    Click here to listen to recordings of the talks from October's Genetic Genealogy Ireland conference on YouTube.


  • Best DNA Test for Ancestry

    Here is a link to an article that very clearly describes the three different types of DNA tests available to genealogists. Keep in mind that our Phillips DNA Project is based solely on Y-DNA tests. We cannot use test results of autosomal DNA or mtDNA to group men with the surname Phillips.

  • Clan wars blamed for collapse of the male chromosome

    About 5,000 to 7,000 years ago the number of men having children fell dramatically—possibly by as much as 95 percent—throughout Asia, Africa and Europe, genetic research shows. Now, scientists think they might know why. Click here to read more at history.com.

  • Meet Denny, the ancient mixed-heritage mystery girl

    After the unearthing of a Neanderthal-Denisovan fossil, UK scientists are using groundbreaking techniques to learn more of the species’ complex bonds with humans. Click here to read the entire story in the Guardian.

  • Holiday Sale at FTDNA

    Sale prices are in effect until closing time on December 31st.
     
    Single Tests  

    Family Finder (FF) $49
    mt/mtPlus to FMS $109
    mtFull Sequence $139
    Y-37 $99
    Y-67 $179
    Y-111 $219
     
    Test Upgrades

    Y-12 to 37 $69
    Y-25 to 37 $35
    Y-37 to 67 $69
    Y-37 to 111 $148
    Y-67 to 111 $89
     
    Big Y-500 $499
    Y-12 to Big Y-500 $489
    Y-25 to Big Y-500 $489
    Y-37 to Big Y-500 $459
    Y-67 to Big Y-500 $399
    Y-111 to Big Y-500 $349
     
    Bundles are an additional $5 off
     
    Shipping and handling, which includes free return postage, is $12 and not included in the sale price.

    If you want to order an upgrade, you should order from your existing personal page at FTDNA.

    If you are ordering a DNA test for the first time, you should order through our Phillips DNA Project at this link so that your results will be included in our project:

    https://www.familytreedna.com/group-join.aspx?Group=Phillips
  • BCG adopts standards for DNA evidence

    On 21 October 2018, the Board for the Certification of Genealogists (BCG) approved five modified and seven new standards relating to the use of DNA evidence in genealogical work. BCG also updated the Genealogist’s Code to address the protection of people who provide DNA samples. Click here to read the whole story in Eastman's Online Genealogy Newsletter.

  • Member Tests in Progress

    Member Tests in Progress at FTDNA as of 10/24/2018

    Due Date,      Batch #,        Kit #,              Type of Test

     

    11/12/18         782                 89255             mtFull Sequence

    11/12/18         884                 260279           Big Y-500

    11/19/18         887                 465443           Big Y-500

    11/19/18         869                 503286           Big Y-500

    11/26/18         894                 698272           Big Y-500

    11/26/18         894                 N34744          Big Y-500

    11/28/18         895                 678932           Big Y-500

    12/10/18         906                 872700           Y-DNA 67

    12/10/18         906                 873256           Y-DNA 12

    12/12/18         907                 208360           mtFull Sequence

    12/17/18         908                 31455             Y-DNA 111

     

    EXPLANATION OF TESTS:

     

    Y-DNA Test:  This is a test of single tandem repeat markers found on a man’s Y chromosome and it is a male specific test.  Women do not have a Y chromosome.  The Y chromosome is handed down from father to son over the generations, so results of this test are used to confirm or disprove a genealogical connection on the direct paternal line.  There are five different levels of yDNA tests offered by FTDNA:  12 markers, 24 markers, 37 markers, 67 markers and 111 markers.

     

    Big Y Test:  This is direct paternal lineage Y chromosome test of single nucleotide polymorphism markers designed to explore ancient, deep ancestral links on the universal paternal tree.  It is intended for expert users with an interest in advancing science, not personal genealogy.  This is an anthropological test, not a genealogical test.

     

    MT-DNA Test:  This is a test of mitochondrial DNA which is found in both men and women.  It traces the direct maternal line without influence from other lines.  Because mtDNA mutates very slowly, this test is more of an anthropological test than a genealogical test.  FTDNA offers the following mtDNA tests:  HVR1, HVR1 and 2, and Full Sequence (FGS) or Mega test.

     

    Super DNA Test:  This is a combination of a male specific-chromosome 67 marker test for the direct paternal line and the Full Mitochondrial Sequence (FMS) test for the direct maternal line.  Results identify the ethnic and geographic origin of the maternal and paternal lines of the individual being tested.

     

    Family Finder Test:  This is a test of autosomal DNA which is found in both men and women.  It is designed to trace most of your ancestral lines and it can identify relationships up to five generations back from you with confidence.

     

    Family Finder Conversion is the conversion of the original Family Finder test to a new platform called the Illumina Omni platform.  The new microarray chip tests about 710,000 unique autosomal DNA SNPs.  FTDNA is changing to the new platform because it offers better potential for future upgrade options.

     

    Backbone Test:  When you take any of the yDNA or mtDNA tests at FTDNA, your results include a free haplogroup determination.  Haplogroup is similar to nationality and reflects your very deep, ancient ancestry.  If your yDNA test is inconclusive, FTDNA will perform a free Backbone SNP test to determine your basic haplogroup designation.

     

    Deep Clade Test:  Once you know your Y chromosome male haplogroup, you may then focus on your branch of the phylogenetic tree through subclade testing, also known as Deep Clade testing.  FTDNA currently offers Deep Clade tests for Haplogroups E, G, H, I, J, N, O,  and R.

     

    SNP Test:  You may also focus on your branch of the phylogenetic tree through testing for specific Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) which help determine your specific subclade.  The L257 SNP test is one example.

     

    Kittler Test:  This is an advanced test of one double marker called DYS385a/b.  By convention, the lowest value is always listed first and the highest value second.  This test will allow you to see the actual order of DYS385a/b.  For example, DYS385a/b is usually 14-11 in Haplogroup R1b and is usually 11-14 in Haplogroup R1a.

     

    DYF371X Test:  This is an advanced test that determines why certain individuals have a null value for DYS425, which is a fairly rare event.

     

    DYS464X Test:  This is an advanced test of DYS464, a fast-moving multi-copy DNA marker.  It could be called a “quazi-SNP” test and it has value for exploring both genealogy and anthropology.

     

    Factoids:  This is a lighthearted “cocktail party” test of predisposition to certain physical traits or conditions.  The list of factoids available to be tested include the following: alcohol flush reaction, avoidance of errors, back pain, bitter taste perception, caffeine metabolism, earwax type, freckling, longevity, male pattern baldness, muscle performance and nicotine dependence.

     

     

     

  • Most White Americans' DNA can be identified through genealogy databases

    Only two percent of the population needs to have done a DNA test to identify nearly everyone else, researchers found. Click here to read the entire article in the New York Times and thanks to member Doyle Phillips for this link.

  • Dutch man could have 1,000 siblings

    A Dutch man has made the startling discovery through a FTDNA Y-DNA test that his dad was a 'super sperm donor' and he could have as many as 1,000 half-brothers and half-sisters around the world. Click here to read the whole story in The Sun.

  • Your DNA is not your culture

    "At a recent genetic-genealogy meeting I [Sarah Zhang] attended, an audience member asked how to convince people to upload their DNA results to more genealogy sites. “Tell them they’ll find they’re Native American and they’ll all go,” another person in the audience joked. The whole room laughed in recognition. Native American ancestry is an enduring fascination among Americans, and genetic-ancestry tests tap into an idea that something interesting, something unknown, might be buried in the past."

    Click here to read Sarah's entire article in The Atlantic.

  • The Genetics of Cousin Marriage

    It’s conventional wisdom that procreation between first cousins is unhealthy. But what are the actual genetic risks? Click here to find out at JSTOR Daily.

  • The genealogist who helped capture the Golden State Killer

    A key, as-yet-untold role in connecting DeAngelo to the crimes was played by Barbara Rae-Venter, who had kept quiet about her work to help solve the infamous cold case until this week. Hand-picked by Paul Holes — the retired Contra Costa District Attorney inspector who has been credited with using genealogy to catch DeAngelo — the 70-year-old Northern California resident offered critical DNA knowledge to the team of investigators leading the manhunt. Click here to read the entire story in eastbaytimes.com.

  • Genealogy giants: Lessons from the quiet digital disruptors

    Key takeaways

    • The genealogy industry has grown from an elite paper-based profession into a data-driven technologically advanced group of businesses.
    • By digitising documents, and embracing digital concepts such as cloud, AI and crowdsourcing, they’ve kept abreast of customer need while also driving innovation.
    • The history of these companies show how embracing digital disruption intelligently can lead straight to the benefits of transformation.

    Click here to read the entire story at digitalpulse.

     

     

  • FTDNA Summer Sale

    All of FTDNA's tests are on sale during the month of August but remember that our Phillips DNA Project is based on tests of the male Y chromosome only. I recommend the 37 marker Y-DNA test that is on sale for $129 until August 31st. Here is a link to a page where you can order the test through our Phillips DNA Project:

    https://www.familytreedna.com/group-join.aspx?Group=Phillips

     

  • Archaeologists will conduct DNA analysis on 16th century Jamestown skeleton

    “We think this is the [one of the] first governors of Virginia,” said David Givens, director of archaeology for Jamestown Rediscovery. “So we’re going to spend the next six or seven months trying to prove ourselves wrong.”  Click here to read the whole story in Williamsburg Yorktown Daily.

  • Do Siblings have the same DNA?

    How can full siblings have different ethnicities when they have the same parents? Click here to find out in an article on Genealogy Explained.

  • Genealogists turn to DNA and Family Trees to crack cold cases

    Genealogical sleuthing techniques that are old to a handful of genealogists but new to most law enforcement have led to arrests in Washington State and Pennsylvania and unearthed a lead in a 37-year-old murder in Texas. All three cases were only revived when crime scene DNA was uploaded to GEDMatch, the same open-source ancestry site used in the Golden State killer case. Click here to read more in The New York Times.

  • Free DNA tests help reunite migrant children with parents

    MyHeritage just announced that, following the recent separation of immigrant parents and children in the United States, MyHeritage is expanding its pro-bono initiative, which helps reunite adoptees with their biological families through DNA testing — to help those parents who were detained at the US border reunite with their children. Click here to read more in Dick Eastman's Online Genealogy Newsletter.

  • DNA: Heredity or Hoax?

    A Toronto-based laboratory that tests people's DNA to determine their ancestry has been caught providing "proof" of such ancestry, even when the DNA sample came from a non-human. Here is a link to the story in Eastman's Online Genealogy Newsletter.

  • FTDNA's Father's Day Sale

    Family Tree DNA's traditional Father's Day Sale starts today and ends June 18th. Be sure to order your test test through our Phillips DNA Project at this link.

    Y-DNA111 was $359.00   now  $299.00
    Y-DNA37 was $169.00   now  $129.00
    Y-DNA67 was $268.00   now  $219.00
    Big Y was $649.00   now  $499.00

     

    If you have already tested at FTDNA and want to upgrade your test, here are the sale prices for upgrades:


    Y-12 to Y-37:     $69
    Y-25 to Y 37:     $35
    Y-37 to Y-67:     $79
    Y-37 to Y-111:   $168
    Y-67 to Y-111:    $99

     
  • Member tests in progress at FTDNA

    Member Tests in Progress at FTDNA as of 05/28/2018

     

    Due Date,      Batch #,        Kit #,              Type of Test

     

    06/11/18         782                 89255             mtDNA Full Sequence

    06/11/18         851                 B255590        mtDNA Full Sequence

    06/13/18         689                 71714             Family Finder

    06/18/18         841                 191795           Y-DNA 67

    06/18/18         841                 288896           mtDNA Full Sequence

    06/20/18         854                 N4244            Family Finder

    06/25/18         859                 493656           Family Finder

    06/27/18         854                 622891           mtDNA Plus

    07/04/18         854                 802854           Big Y

    07/09/18         855                 231510           Y-DNA 111

    07/09/18         855                 318116           Y-DNA 111

    07/11/18         860                 623733           Y-DNA 37

    07/16/18         857                 847749           Y-DNA 37     

     

     

    EXPLANATION OF TESTS:

     

    Y-DNA Test:  This is a test of single tandem repeat markers found on a man’s Y chromosome and it is a male specific test.  Women do not have a Y chromosome.  The Y chromosome is handed down from father to son over the generations, so results of this test are used to confirm or disprove a genealogical connection on the direct paternal line.  There are five different levels of yDNA tests offered by FTDNA:  12 markers, 24 markers, 37 markers, 67 markers and 111 markers.

     

    Big Y Test:  This is direct paternal lineage Y chromosome test of single nucleotide polymorphism markers designed to explore ancient, deep ancestral links on the universal paternal tree.  It is intended for expert users with an interest in advancing science, not personal genealogy.  This is an anthropological test, not a genealogical test.

     

    MT-DNA Test:  This is a test of mitochondrial DNA which is found in both men and women.  It traces the direct maternal line without influence from other lines.  Because mtDNA mutates very slowly, this test is more of an anthropological test than a genealogical test.  FTDNA offers the following mtDNA tests:  HVR1, HVR1 and 2, and Full Sequence (FGS) or Mega test.

     

    Super DNA Test:  This is a combination of a male specific-chromosome 67 marker test for the direct paternal line and the Full Mitochondrial Sequence (FMS) test for the direct maternal line.  Results identify the ethnic and geographic origin of the maternal and paternal lines of the individual being tested.

     

    Family Finder Test:  This is a test of autosomal DNA which is found in both men and women.  It is designed to trace most of your ancestral lines and it can identify relationships up to five generations back from you with confidence.

     

    Family Finder Conversion is the conversion of the original Family Finder test to a new platform called the Illumina Omni platform.  The new microarray chip tests about 710,000 unique autosomal DNA SNPs.  FTDNA is changing to the new platform because it offers better potential for future upgrade options.

     

    Backbone Test:  When you take any of the yDNA or mtDNA tests at FTDNA, your results include a free haplogroup determination.  Haplogroup is similar to nationality and reflects your very deep, ancient ancestry.  If your yDNA test is inconclusive, FTDNA will perform a free Backbone SNP test to determine your basic haplogroup designation.

     

    Deep Clade Test:  Once you know your Y chromosome male haplogroup, you may then focus on your branch of the phylogenetic tree through subclade testing, also known as Deep Clade testing.  FTDNA currently offers Deep Clade tests for Haplogroups E, G, H, I, J, N, O,  and R.

     

    SNP Test:  You may also focus on your branch of the phylogenetic tree through testing for specific Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) which help determine your specific subclade.  The L257 SNP test is one example.

     

    Kittler Test:  This is an advanced test of one double marker called DYS385a/b.  By convention, the lowest value is always listed first and the highest value second.  This test will allow you to see the actual order of DYS385a/b.  For example, DYS385a/b is usually 14-11 in Haplogroup R1b and is usually 11-14 in Haplogroup R1a.

     

    DYF371X Test:  This is an advanced test that determines why certain individuals have a null value for DYS425, which is a fairly rare event.

     

    DYS464X Test:  This is an advanced test of DYS464, a fast-moving multi-copy DNA marker.  It could be called a “quazi-SNP” test and it has value for exploring both genealogy and anthropology.

     

    Factoids:  This is a lighthearted “cocktail party” test of predisposition to certain physical traits or conditions.  The list of factoids available to be tested include the following: alcohol flush reaction, avoidance of errors, back pain, bitter taste perception, caffeine metabolism, earwax type, freckling, longevity, male pattern baldness, muscle performance and nicotine dependence.

     

     

     

  • Member tests in progress at FTDNA

    Member Tests in Progress at FTDNA as of 05/28/2018

     

    Due Date,      Batch #,        Kit #,              Type of Test

     

    06/11/18         782                 89255             mtDNA Full Sequence

    06/11/18         851                 B255590        mtDNA Full Sequence

    06/13/18         689                 71714             Family Finder

    06/18/18         841                 191795           Y-DNA 67

    06/18/18         841                 288896           mtDNA Full Sequence

    06/20/18         854                 N4244            Family Finder

    06/25/18         859                 493656           Family Finder

    06/27/18         854                 622891           mtDNA Plus

    07/04/18         854                 802854           Big Y

    07/09/18         855                 231510           Y-DNA 111

    07/09/18         855                 318116           Y-DNA 111

    07/11/18         860                 623733           Y-DNA 37

    07/16/18         857                 847749           Y-DNA 37     

     

     

    EXPLANATION OF TESTS:

     

    Y-DNA Test:  This is a test of single tandem repeat markers found on a man’s Y chromosome and it is a male specific test.  Women do not have a Y chromosome.  The Y chromosome is handed down from father to son over the generations, so results of this test are used to confirm or disprove a genealogical connection on the direct paternal line.  There are five different levels of yDNA tests offered by FTDNA:  12 markers, 24 markers, 37 markers, 67 markers and 111 markers.

     

    Big Y Test:  This is direct paternal lineage Y chromosome test of single nucleotide polymorphism markers designed to explore ancient, deep ancestral links on the universal paternal tree.  It is intended for expert users with an interest in advancing science, not personal genealogy.  This is an anthropological test, not a genealogical test.

     

    MT-DNA Test:  This is a test of mitochondrial DNA which is found in both men and women.  It traces the direct maternal line without influence from other lines.  Because mtDNA mutates very slowly, this test is more of an anthropological test than a genealogical test.  FTDNA offers the following mtDNA tests:  HVR1, HVR1 and 2, and Full Sequence (FGS) or Mega test.

     

    Super DNA Test:  This is a combination of a male specific-chromosome 67 marker test for the direct paternal line and the Full Mitochondrial Sequence (FMS) test for the direct maternal line.  Results identify the ethnic and geographic origin of the maternal and paternal lines of the individual being tested.

     

    Family Finder Test:  This is a test of autosomal DNA which is found in both men and women.  It is designed to trace most of your ancestral lines and it can identify relationships up to five generations back from you with confidence.

     

    Family Finder Conversion is the conversion of the original Family Finder test to a new platform called the Illumina Omni platform.  The new microarray chip tests about 710,000 unique autosomal DNA SNPs.  FTDNA is changing to the new platform because it offers better potential for future upgrade options.

     

    Backbone Test:  When you take any of the yDNA or mtDNA tests at FTDNA, your results include a free haplogroup determination.  Haplogroup is similar to nationality and reflects your very deep, ancient ancestry.  If your yDNA test is inconclusive, FTDNA will perform a free Backbone SNP test to determine your basic haplogroup designation.

     

    Deep Clade Test:  Once you know your Y chromosome male haplogroup, you may then focus on your branch of the phylogenetic tree through subclade testing, also known as Deep Clade testing.  FTDNA currently offers Deep Clade tests for Haplogroups E, G, H, I, J, N, O,  and R.

     

    SNP Test:  You may also focus on your branch of the phylogenetic tree through testing for specific Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) which help determine your specific subclade.  The L257 SNP test is one example.

     

    Kittler Test:  This is an advanced test of one double marker called DYS385a/b.  By convention, the lowest value is always listed first and the highest value second.  This test will allow you to see the actual order of DYS385a/b.  For example, DYS385a/b is usually 14-11 in Haplogroup R1b and is usually 11-14 in Haplogroup R1a.

     

    DYF371X Test:  This is an advanced test that determines why certain individuals have a null value for DYS425, which is a fairly rare event.

     

    DYS464X Test:  This is an advanced test of DYS464, a fast-moving multi-copy DNA marker.  It could be called a “quazi-SNP” test and it has value for exploring both genealogy and anthropology.

     

    Factoids:  This is a lighthearted “cocktail party” test of predisposition to certain physical traits or conditions.  The list of factoids available to be tested include the following: alcohol flush reaction, avoidance of errors, back pain, bitter taste perception, caffeine metabolism, earwax type, freckling, longevity, male pattern baldness, muscle performance and nicotine dependence.

     

     

     

  • The Casualties of GDPR

    Some genetic genealogy websites are going "dark" (ie, off line) because of the European Union's General Data Protection Regulation which is going into effect on May 25th. One of the casualties is Y-Search. Click here to read more on blog written by Judy Russell. The Phillips DNA Project is not going dark but we will be carefully monitoring the effects of GDPR and we have instituted new Terms of Service. Please take the time to read our new Terms of Service.

  • 23andMe sues Ancestry

    23andMe sued rival Ancestry.com on Friday May 11 in a California federal district court, alleging infringement of its patented method of identifying relatives in a database and of false advertising. The company also asked the court to nullify the trademarked "ancestry" logotype. Click here to read more at genome.net.

  • In Hunt for Golden State Killer

    Here's a link to a story that explains how autosomal DNA was used to find the Golden State Killer. Please note that the police used an open-source database where people voluntarily upload their autosomal DNA to look for matches. If you do not want your DNA to be used to trace violent killers and murderers, do not upload your DNA results to websites that can be accessed by everyone.

  • DNA Day Sale at FTDNA

    Family Tree DNA is holding a sale on all of their DNA tests through April 28th. Please note that our Phillips DNA Project is based exclusively on Y-DNA tests of men who have the Phillips surname. FTDNA's Family Finder test and mtDNA tests will not work for the purposes of our project. Here is a link to a page at FTDNA where you can order any of their DNA tests at the sales price.

  • Online Dating Based On DNA

    Here is a link to a website called DNA Romance that says it provides evidence-based matchmaking based on DNA chemistry and personality compatibility. According to this website:

    "We decipher the essential elements behind chemical attraction "chemistry" as forecasted using our DNA matchmaking algorithm and personality compatibility as calculated using your Myers-Briggs personality type."

  • Siblings can have surprising different autosomal DNA

    Here is a link to an article at National Geographic that explains why siblings can have different autosomal DNA. Although the word is never mentioned in this article, it is about AUTOSOMAL DNA. Mitochrondial DNA (mtDNA) and Y chromosome DNA (Y-DNA) does not combine with any other DNA so those two types of DNA do not dilute from generation to generation. Your mtDNA will be almost exactly the same as your mother's mtDNA, and if you are male, your Y-DNA will be almost exactly the same as your father's Y-DNA.

  • Autosomal DNA testing for genealogy

    Here is a link to a blog written by Amy Johnson Crow concerning things everyone should know before they take an autosomal DNA test. Please note Amy is writing about AUTOSOMAL DNA testing, not Y-DNA testing. Our Phillips DNA Project is based on Y-DNA testing.

  • Expected Relationships with Y-DNA STR Matches

     

     

  • Conflicting results from different companies

    Sometimes people get different haplogroup predictions from different companies. The reason for conflicting results depends on the test performed by the various companies.

    One company may be providing a haplogroup prediction based on STR (short tandem repeat) results and another company may be using SNP (single nucleotide polymorphism) results. The results from SNP tests are more definitive than STR tests.

    It may also be that both companies did some SNP testing, but it was not at the same level (depth).

  • DNA tests in progress at FTDNA

    Member Tests in Progress at FTDNA as of 03/03/2018

     

    Due Date, Batch #, Kit #, Type of Test

     

    03/12/2018, 821, IN16219, Y-DNA 111

    03/19/2018, 831, 820370, Y-DNA 12

    03/26/2018, 833, 827957, Y-DNA 12

    03/26/2018, 833, 825732, Y-DNA 37

    02/26/2018, 833, 826305, Y-DNA 37

    03/28/2018, 834, 829511, Y-DNA 37

    04/04/2018, 836, 81860, Y-DNA 37


     

    EXPLANATION OF TESTS:

     

    Y-DNA Test:  This is a test of single tandem repeat markers found on a man’s Y chromosome and it is a male specific test.  Women do not have a Y chromosome.  The Y chromosome is handed down from father to son over the generations, so results of this test are used to confirm or disprove a genealogical connection on the direct paternal line.  There are five different levels of yDNA tests offered by FTDNA:  12 markers, 24 markers, 37 markers, 67 markers and 111 markers.

     

    Big Y Test:  This is direct paternal lineage Y chromosome test of single nucleotide polymorphism markers designed to explore ancient, deep ancestral links on the universal paternal tree.  It is intended for expert users with an interest in advancing science, not personal genealogy.  This is an anthropological test, not a genealogical test.

     

    MT-DNA Test:  This is a test of mitochondrial DNA which is found in both men and women.  It traces the direct maternal line without influence from other lines.  Because mtDNA mutates very slowly, this test is more of an anthropological test than a genealogical test.  FTDNA offers the following mtDNA tests:  HVR1, HVR1 and 2, and Full Sequence (FGS) or Mega test.

     

    Super DNA Test:  This is a combination of a male specific-chromosome 67 marker test for the direct paternal line and the Full Mitochondrial Sequence (FMS) test for the direct maternal line.  Results identify the ethnic and geographic origin of the maternal and paternal lines of the individual being tested.

     

    Family Finder Test:  This is a test of autosomal DNA which is found in both men and women.  It is designed to trace most of your ancestral lines and it can identify relationships up to five generations back from you with confidence.

     

    Family Finder Conversion is the conversion of the original Family Finder test to a new platform called the Illumina Omni platform.  The new microarray chip tests about 710,000 unique autosomal DNA SNPs.  FTDNA is changing to the new platform because it offers better potential for future upgrade options.

     

    Backbone Test:  When you take any of the yDNA or mtDNA tests at FTDNA, your results include a free haplogroup determination.  Haplogroup is similar to nationality and reflects your very deep, ancient ancestry.  If your yDNA test is inconclusive, FTDNA will perform a free Backbone SNP test to determine your basic haplogroup designation.

     

    Deep Clade Test:  Once you know your Y chromosome male haplogroup, you may then focus on your branch of the phylogenetic tree through subclade testing, also known as Deep Clade testing.  FTDNA currently offers Deep Clade tests for Haplogroups E, G, H, I, J, N, O,  and R.

     

    SNP Test:  You may also focus on your branch of the phylogenetic tree through testing for specific Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) which help determine your specific subclade.  The L257 SNP test is one example.

     

    Kittler Test:  This is an advanced test of one double marker called DYS385a/b.  By convention, the lowest value is always listed first and the highest value second.  This test will allow you to see the actual order of DYS385a/b.  For example, DYS385a/b is usually 14-11 in Haplogroup R1b and is usually 11-14 in Haplogroup R1a.

     

    DYF371X Test:  This is an advanced test that determines why certain individuals have a null value for DYS425, which is a fairly rare event.

     

    DYS464X Test:  This is an advanced test of DYS464, a fast-moving multi-copy DNA marker.  It could be called a “quazi-SNP” test and it has value for exploring both genealogy and anthropology.

     

    Factoids:  This is a lighthearted “cocktail party” test of predisposition to certain physical traits or conditions.  The list of factoids available to be tested include the following: alcohol flush reaction, avoidance of errors, back pain, bitter taste perception, caffeine metabolism, earwax type, freckling, longevity, male pattern baldness, muscle performance and nicotine dependence.

     

     

     

  • What is the likelihood of a non-paternal event or false paternity?

    It is thought that the rate of unannounced adoption or false paternity is about 1 – 3% per generation and compounds with each generation. When confirming your lineage, we recommend that you test yourself and your most distantly related male ancestor to verify the line back to the common male ancestor.

  • How many ancestors do you have?

    According to an article by Dick Eastman in his Online Genealogy Newsletter, if you go back 40 generations, you have 2,199,023,255,550 ancestors. The problem: that is far more people than have ever lived on the face of the earth. How is that possible? Here is a link to Dick's article that explains what is commonly called a collapsing pedigree.

  • When comparing genetic distance between men, which is more important to look at, SNPs or STRs?

    SNPs (single nucleotide polymorphisms) offer a definitive answer to a potential relationship. When one person is positive (derived) for a SNP and the other person is negative (ancestral) for the same SNP, they are not related in genealogical times.

    On the other hand, if both men have matching SNP results, their STR (short tandem repeat) marker results determine how recently they are related.

  • Which DNA test should I take?

    Here's a link to an informative article written by Debbie Kennett that appeared in the May 2017 edition of Who Do You Think Your Are? Magazine.

  • FTDNA's Big Y Test

    The Big Y product is a Y-chromosome direct paternal lineage test. It is designed to explore deep ancestral links on the common paternal tree. Big Y tests thousands of known branch markers as well as millions of places where there may be new branch markers. This product is intended for expert users with an interest in advancing science. However, it is not a test for matching you to one or more men with the same surname in the way that FTDNA's other Y-DNA tests do.

  • What does each STR marker mean?

    By themselves, Y-chromosome DNA (Y-DNA) short tandem repeat (STR) markers from a Y-DNA test do not have any particular meaning. The value of testing Y-DNA STR markers comes from creating a Y-DNA signature (haplotype) with them and comparing that Y-DNA signature to others in a database. They are useful for genetic genealogy because your Y-DNA signature distinguishes your paternal lineage from others.

  • DNA tests in progress

    Member Tests in Progress at FTDNA as of 12/28/2017

     

    Due Date, Batch #, Kit #, Type of Test

     

    01/01/2018, 804, 259717, Y-DNA 67

    01/01/2018, 804, N73727, R1b M222 SNP Pack

    01/01/2018, 808, 20699, Family Finder

    01/08/2018, 782, 89255, MT-DNA Full Sequence

    01/10/2018, 689, 71714, Family Finder

    01/31/2018, 814, 26404, Y-DNA 111

    01/31/2018, 814, 26404, Y-DNA 111

    02/01/2018, 806, 208358, Big Y

    02/07/2018, 816, 307773, Y-DNA 111

    02/07/2018, 816, 12069, Y-DNA-111

    02/28/2018, 814, 152954, Big Y

     

    EXPLANATION OF TESTS:

     

    Y-DNA Test:  This is a test of single tandem repeat markers found on a man’s Y chromosome and it is a male specific test.  Women do not have a Y chromosome.  The Y chromosome is handed down from father to son over the generations, so results of this test are used to confirm or disprove a genealogical connection on the direct paternal line.  There are five different levels of yDNA tests offered by FTDNA:  12 markers, 24 markers, 37 markers, 67 markers and 111 markers.

     

    Big Y Test:  This is direct paternal lineage Y chromosome test of single nucleotide polymorphism markers designed to explore ancient, deep ancestral links on the universal paternal tree.  It is intended for expert users with an interest in advancing science, not personal genealogy.  This is an anthropological test, not a genealogical test.

     

    MT-DNA Test:  This is a test of mitochondrial DNA which is found in both men and women.  It traces the direct maternal line without influence from other lines.  Because mtDNA mutates very slowly, this test is more of an anthropological test than a genealogical test.  FTDNA offers the following mtDNA tests:  HVR1, HVR1 and 2, and Full Sequence (FGS) or Mega test.

     

    Super DNA Test:  This is a combination of a male specific-chromosome 67 marker test for the direct paternal line and the Full Mitochondrial Sequence (FMS) test for the direct maternal line.  Results identify the ethnic and geographic origin of the maternal and paternal lines of the individual being tested.

     

    Family Finder Test:  This is a test of autosomal DNA which is found in both men and women.  It is designed to trace most of your ancestral lines and it can identify relationships up to five generations back from you with confidence.

     

    Family Finder Conversion is the conversion of the original Family Finder test to a new platform called the Illumina Omni platform.  The new microarray chip tests about 710,000 unique autosomal DNA SNPs.  FTDNA is changing to the new platform because it offers better potential for future upgrade options.

     

    Backbone Test:  When you take any of the yDNA or mtDNA tests at FTDNA, your results include a free haplogroup determination.  Haplogroup is similar to nationality and reflects your very deep, ancient ancestry.  If your yDNA test is inconclusive, FTDNA will perform a free Backbone SNP test to determine your basic haplogroup designation.

     

    Deep Clade Test:  Once you know your Y chromosome male haplogroup, you may then focus on your branch of the phylogenetic tree through subclade testing, also known as Deep Clade testing.  FTDNA currently offers Deep Clade tests for Haplogroups E, G, H, I, J, N, O,  and R.

     

    SNP Test:  You may also focus on your branch of the phylogenetic tree through testing for specific Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) which help determine your specific subclade.  The L257 SNP test is one example.

     

    Kittler Test:  This is an advanced test of one double marker called DYS385a/b.  By convention, the lowest value is always listed first and the highest value second.  This test will allow you to see the actual order of DYS385a/b.  For example, DYS385a/b is usually 14-11 in Haplogroup R1b and is usually 11-14 in Haplogroup R1a.

     

    DYF371X Test:  This is an advanced test that determines why certain individuals have a null value for DYS425, which is a fairly rare event.

     

    DYS464X Test:  This is an advanced test of DYS464, a fast-moving multi-copy DNA marker.  It could be called a “quazi-SNP” test and it has value for exploring both genealogy and anthropology.

     

    Factoids:  This is a lighthearted “cocktail party” test of predisposition to certain physical traits or conditions.  The list of factoids available to be tested include the following: alcohol flush reaction, avoidance of errors, back pain, bitter taste perception, caffeine metabolism, earwax type, freckling, longevity, male pattern baldness, muscle performance and nicotine dependence.

     

     

     

  • Irish Ancestry Surprises Revealed by New DNA Map

    A new "DNA atlas" of Ireland is revealing some of the surprising ways historic kingdoms have influenced populations on the island—and it offers the first genetic evidence that Vikings intermingled with ancient Irish peoples. Click here to read the entire story in National Geographic.

  • Startling Discovery about Ancient St. Nicholas Relic

    Since it is the Christmas season, here is a link to an interesting article about St. Nicholas, the fourth-century Christian bishop whose generosity inspired the legend of Santa Claus.

  • The Genealogy of Meghan Markle

    Here is a link to an article about the genealogy of Prince Harry's future bride, Meghan Markle, on the Daily Beast.

  • How many generations does a Y-DNA test trace?

    Y-chromosome DNA (Y-DNA) tests trace both recent and distant generations. The number of generations traced by a Y-chromosome DNA test depends on the type of test taken, short tandem repeat (STR) or single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP).

    STR tests are able to trace a male lineage within genealogical times and into historic times. Your genealogical connections will be shown on the Y-DNA – Matches page of your myFTDNA account. The Y-DNA – Ancestral Origins page of your myFTDNA account will point towards possible countries of origin.

    On the other hand, Y-DNA SNP tests (Family Finder tests) are able to trace both ancient anthropological migrations and more recent prehistoric movements. A Y-DNA SNP test also identifies the haplogroup, which represents your deep ancestral origins (tens of thousands of years ago).

  • FTDNA Holiday Sale

    Family Tree DNA just announced a sale on their most popular tests and upgrades which will run until December 31st. Here are the tests and upgrades that are on sale. Remember to order any new tests through our Phillips DNA Project so that your results will be included in the project. Here is a link to a page where you can order your test through our project: 
    https://www.familytreedna.com/group-join.aspx?Group=Phillips

  • What do people often get wrong about genetics and DNA?

    How genetics is poised to change our world and is literally changing it right now. Click here to read the article in Forbes.

  • Tests in Progress at FTDNA

    Member Tests in Progress at FTDNA as of 10/22/2017

     

    Due Date, Batch #, Kit #, Type of Test

     

    10/30/2017, 782, 76446, MT-Full Sequence

    10/30/2017, 782, 201688, Y-DNA 111

    10/30/2017, 782, 229498, Y-DNA 111

    10/30/2017, 782, 288896, Big Y

    11/01/2017, 689, 71714, Family Finder

    11/06/2017, 776, 241057, Big Y

    11/06/2017, 788, 344757, Family Finder and MT-DNA Plus and Y-DNA 111

    11/06/2017, 776, 394204, Family Finder

    11/06/2017, 786, 757435, MT-Full Sequence

    11/06/2017, 790, 770389, Y-DNA 37

    11/06/2017, 743, B120736, Big Y

    11/08/2017, 744, 26404, Big Y

    11/13/2017, 778, 12069, Y102 SNP

     

    EXPLANATION OF TESTS:

     

    Y-DNA Test:  This is a test of single tandem repeat markers found on a man’s Y chromosome and it is a male specific test.  Women do not have a Y chromosome.  The Y chromosome is handed down from father to son over the generations, so results of this test are used to confirm or disprove a genealogical connection on the direct paternal line.  There are five different levels of yDNA tests offered by FTDNA:  12 markers, 24 markers, 37 markers, 67 markers and 111 markers.

     

    Big Y Test:  This is direct paternal lineage Y chromosome test of single nucleotide polymorphism markers designed to explore ancient, deep ancestral links on the universal paternal tree.  It is intended for expert users with an interest in advancing science, not personal genealogy.  This is an anthropological test, not a genealogical test.

     

    MT-DNA Test:  This is a test of mitochondrial DNA which is found in both men and women.  It traces the direct maternal line without influence from other lines.  Because mtDNA mutates very slowly, this test is more of an anthropological test than a genealogical test.  FTDNA offers the following mtDNA tests:  HVR1, HVR1 and 2, and Full Sequence (FGS) or Mega test.

     

    Super DNA Test:  This is a combination of a male specific-chromosome 67 marker test for the direct paternal line and the Full Mitochondrial Sequence (FMS) test for the direct maternal line.  Results identify the ethnic and geographic origin of the maternal and paternal lines of the individual being tested.

     

    Family Finder Test:  This is a test of autosomal DNA which is found in both men and women.  It is designed to trace most of your ancestral lines and it can identify relationships up to five generations back from you with confidence.

     

    Family Finder Conversion is the conversion of the original Family Finder test to a new platform called the Illumina Omni platform.  The new microarray chip tests about 710,000 unique autosomal DNA SNPs.  FTDNA is changing to the new platform because it offers better potential for future upgrade options.

     

    Backbone Test:  When you take any of the yDNA or mtDNA tests at FTDNA, your results include a free haplogroup determination.  Haplogroup is similar to nationality and reflects your very deep, ancient ancestry.  If your yDNA test is inconclusive, FTDNA will perform a free Backbone SNP test to determine your basic haplogroup designation.

     

    Deep Clade Test:  Once you know your Y chromosome male haplogroup, you may then focus on your branch of the phylogenetic tree through subclade testing, also known as Deep Clade testing.  FTDNA currently offers Deep Clade tests for Haplogroups E, G, H, I, J, N, O,  and R.

     

    SNP Test:  You may also focus on your branch of the phylogenetic tree through testing for specific Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) which help determine your specific subclade.  The L257 SNP test is one example.

     

    Kittler Test:  This is an advanced test of one double marker called DYS385a/b.  By convention, the lowest value is always listed first and the highest value second.  This test will allow you to see the actual order of DYS385a/b.  For example, DYS385a/b is usually 14-11 in Haplogroup R1b and is usually 11-14 in Haplogroup R1a.

     

    DYF371X Test:  This is an advanced test that determines why certain individuals have a null value for DYS425, which is a fairly rare event.

     

    DYS464X Test:  This is an advanced test of DYS464, a fast-moving multi-copy DNA marker.  It could be called a “quazi-SNP” test and it has value for exploring both genealogy and anthropology.

     

    Factoids:  This is a lighthearted “cocktail party” test of predisposition to certain physical traits or conditions.  The list of factoids available to be tested include the following: alcohol flush reaction, avoidance of errors, back pain, bitter taste perception, caffeine metabolism, earwax type, freckling, longevity, male pattern baldness, muscle performance and nicotine dependence.

     

     

     

  • Bible records at the DAR

    The DAR website lists 237 bible records that include the name Phillips. Here is a link to the page that displays those records. Thanks to member Doyle Phillips for this tip.

  • Should I test more Y-DNA markers?

    You should test more Y-chromosome DNA short tandem repeat (STR) markers when you wish to compare additional markers against others with similar results. They will refine your matches for genealogical purposes. It does not increase the number of generations traced by a Y-DNA STR test but rather reduces the range of generations in the time to a common ancestor with your match.

    Testing additional STR markers can also help refine the matches in the Y-DNA – Ancestral Origins page. Testing more markers means that the information is more relevant to your personal ancestry. However, information on deeper origins (historical and anthropological) may be better answered with an extended Y-DNA SNP test like the Geno 2.0 test.

    If you do not have many matches or do not have many matches that have tested more markers, you may still choose to upgrade. That way as the database grows and you gain additional matches, you will be prepared to make comparisons that are more refined. Note that the Y-DNA111 is new enough that matching and information from matching may be limited by FTDNA's current database size.  This test is becoming more popular and the database is growing rapidly, so this should change over time.

  • Detectable autosomal DNA

    What is the probability that my relative and I share enough autosomal DNA for testing to detect?

    If your relationship is within recent generations (2nd cousins or more recent relatives), testing is almost sure to detect your relationship. Testing will also detect many 3rd cousins and about half of your 4th cousins. It will only detect a small percentage of 5th and more distant cousins. This is because you share an average of 50% less DNA with an ancestor with each additional generation. Here is a chart that shows how much autosomal DNA you can expect to share with different levels of cousins.

  • My Y-DNA close match is not showing in my Family Finder matches, why?

    If your Y-chromosome DNA (Y-DNA) match is not on your Family Finder match list, it may be that the match did not take the Family Finder test. Matches do not work across databases. You may check this on your Y-DNA match list by looking for FF or Family Finder next to the match’s name. If FF or Family Finder is displayed, then your match has taken the Family Finder test. If both you and your Y-DNA match have taken the Family Finder test but do not match, it means that your relationship is unlikely to be within the past five generations.

  • DNA and DAR Applications

    The Daughters of the American Revolution now accepts Y-DNA evidence in support of new member applications and supplemental applications. In addition, you can save $30 on a Y-DNA 37 marker test at Family Tree DNA if you order your test through the DAR. Here is a link to a page on the DAR website that gives more information.

  • Autosomal vs Y-DNA Testing

    Here's a link to a blog at Family Tree Magazine that discusses the merits of Y-DNA versus autosomal DNA testing:

    https://www.familytreemagazine.com/premium/autosomal-vs-ydna-testing/

     

  • Member tests in progress at FTDNA

    Member Tests in Progress at FTDNA as of 08/17/2017

     

    Due Date, Batch #, Kit #, Type of Test

     

    08/30/2017, 769, N139132, Y-DNA 37

    09/04/2017, 770, 722941, Y-DNA 67

    09/06/2017, 771, 566310, y-DNA 12

    09/11/2017, 776, 394204, Y-DNA 67

    09/18/2017, 774, 684352, Y-DNA 67

    09/20/2017, 775, 736852, Y-DNA 37

    09/27/2017, 777, 77643, Y-DNA 67

     

    EXPLANATION OF TESTS:

     

    Y-DNA Test:  This is a test of single tandem repeat markers found on a man’s Y chromosome and it is a male specific test.  Women do not have a Y chromosome.  The Y chromosome is handed down from father to son over the generations, so results of this test are used to confirm or disprove a genealogical connection on the direct paternal line.  There are five different levels of yDNA tests offered by FTDNA:  12 markers, 24 markers, 37 markers, 67 markers and 111 markers.

     

    Big Y Test:  This is direct paternal lineage Y chromosome test of single nucleotide polymorphism markers designed to explore ancient, deep ancestral links on the universal paternal tree.  It is intended for expert users with an interest in advancing science, not personal genealogy.  This is an anthropological test, not a genealogical test.

     

    MT-DNA Test:  This is a test of mitochondrial DNA which is found in both men and women.  It traces the direct maternal line without influence from other lines.  Because mtDNA mutates very slowly, this test is more of an anthropological test than a genealogical test.  FTDNA offers the following mtDNA tests:  HVR1, HVR1 and 2, and Full Sequence (FGS) or Mega test.

     

    Super DNA Test:  This is a combination of a male specific-chromosome 67 marker test for the direct paternal line and the Full Mitochondrial Sequence (FMS) test for the direct maternal line.  Results identify the ethnic and geographic origin of the maternal and paternal lines of the individual being tested.

     

    Family Finder Test:  This is a test of autosomal DNA which is found in both men and women.  It is designed to trace most of your ancestral lines and it can identify relationships up to five generations back from you with confidence.

     

    Family Finder Conversion is the conversion of the original Family Finder test to a new platform called the Illumina Omni platform.  The new microarray chip tests about 710,000 unique autosomal DNA SNPs.  FTDNA is changing to the new platform because it offers better potential for future upgrade options.

     

    Backbone Test:  When you take any of the yDNA or mtDNA tests at FTDNA, your results include a free haplogroup determination.  Haplogroup is similar to nationality and reflects your very deep, ancient ancestry.  If your yDNA test is inconclusive, FTDNA will perform a free Backbone SNP test to determine your basic haplogroup designation.

     

    Deep Clade Test:  Once you know your Y chromosome male haplogroup, you may then focus on your branch of the phylogenetic tree through subclade testing, also known as Deep Clade testing.  FTDNA currently offers Deep Clade tests for Haplogroups E, G, H, I, J, N, O,  and R.

     

    SNP Test:  You may also focus on your branch of the phylogenetic tree through testing for specific Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) which help determine your specific subclade.  The L257 SNP test is one example.

     

    Kittler Test:  This is an advanced test of one double marker called DYS385a/b.  By convention, the lowest value is always listed first and the highest value second.  This test will allow you to see the actual order of DYS385a/b.  For example, DYS385a/b is usually 14-11 in Haplogroup R1b and is usually 11-14 in Haplogroup R1a.

     

    DYF371X Test:  This is an advanced test that determines why certain individuals have a null value for DYS425, which is a fairly rare event.

     

    DYS464X Test:  This is an advanced test of DYS464, a fast-moving multi-copy DNA marker.  It could be called a “quazi-SNP” test and it has value for exploring both genealogy and anthropology.

     

    Factoids:  This is a lighthearted “cocktail party” test of predisposition to certain physical traits or conditions.  The list of factoids available to be tested include the following: alcohol flush reaction, avoidance of errors, back pain, bitter taste perception, caffeine metabolism, earwax type, freckling, longevity, male pattern baldness, muscle performance and nicotine dependence.

     

     

     

  • Autosomal vs Y-DNA Testing

    Here is a link to an article in Family Tree Magazine written by Blaine Bettinger comparing and contrasting autosomal DNA testing with Y-DNA testing. I recommend everyone considering taking a DNA test for genealogy to read this article.

  • Friends and Family Sale

    Family Tree DNA is discounting prices on their most popular tests including upgrades all through the month of August. Prices are as follows:


    If you are ordering a new test, be sure to order it through our Phillips DNA Project at this link so that you will be included in the project:

    https://www.familytreedna.com/group-join.aspx?Group=Phillips

  • Who was she? A DNA test only opened new mysteries

    About half of Alice Plebuch’s autosomal DNA results presented the mixed British Isles bloodline she expected. The other half picked up an unexpected combination of European Jewish, Middle Eastern and Eastern European. Surely someone in the lab had messed up. It was the early days of direct-to-consumer DNA testing, and Ancestry.com’s test was new. She wrote the company a nasty letter informing them they’d made a mistake. Click here to read the entire story in the Washington Post and thanks to member Bob Phillips for pointing out this interesting article.

  • Arthritis is the price for our ancestors surviving the Ice Age

    Researchers have discovered that a gene mutation which increases the risk of arthritis evolved in the Ice Age to help protect our ancestors from frostbite. Click here to read more in the Telegraph.

  • That Y-DNA Lament

    Click here to read an article by Judy G. Russell about why you might not have any close Y-DNA matches.

  • DNA discovery reveals genetic history of ancient Egyptians

    Analyzing samples spanning over a millennium, researchers looked for genetic differences compared with Egyptians today. They found that the sample set showed a strong connection with a cluster of ancient non-African populations based east of the Mediterranean Sea.  Click here to read the entire story at cnn.com.

  • Tests in Progress at FTDNA

    Member Tests in Progress at FTDNA as of 6/21/2017

     

    Due Date, Batch #, Kit #, Type of Test

     

    06/28/2017, 689, 71714, Family Finder

    07/03/2017, 751, 644829, Family Finder

    07/05/2017, 752, 698272, Y-DNA 111

    07/17/2017, 755, 704877, Y-DNA 37

    07/24/2017, 753, 635998, Y-DNA 37

    07/24/2017, 758, 583082, Y-DNA 37

     

     

    EXPLANATION OF TESTS:

     

    Y-DNA Test:  This is a test of single tandem repeat markers found on a man’s Y chromosome and it is a male specific test.  Women do not have a Y chromosome.  The Y chromosome is handed down from father to son over the generations, so results of this test are used to confirm or disprove a genealogical connection on the direct paternal line.  There are five different levels of yDNA tests offered by FTDNA:  12 markers, 24 markers, 37 markers, 67 markers and 111 markers.

     

    Big Y Test:  This is direct paternal lineage Y chromosome test of single nucleotide polymorphism markers designed to explore ancient, deep ancestral links on the universal paternal tree.  It is intended for expert users with an interest in advancing science, not personal genealogy.  This is an anthropological test, not a genealogical test.

     

    MT-DNA Test:  This is a test of mitochondrial DNA which is found in both men and women.  It traces the direct maternal line without influence from other lines.  Because mtDNA mutates very slowly, this test is more of an anthropological test than a genealogical test.  FTDNA offers the following mtDNA tests:  HVR1, HVR1 and 2, and Full Sequence (FGS) or Mega test.

     

    Super DNA Test:  This is a combination of a male specific-chromosome 67 marker test for the direct paternal line and the Full Mitochondrial Sequence (FMS) test for the direct maternal line.  Results identify the ethnic and geographic origin of the maternal and paternal lines of the individual being tested.

     

    Family Finder Test:  This is a test of autosomal DNA which is found in both men and women.  It is designed to trace most of your ancestral lines and it can identify relationships up to five generations back from you with confidence.

     

    Family Finder Conversion is the conversion of the original Family Finder test to a new platform called the Illumina Omni platform.  The new microarray chip tests about 710,000 unique autosomal DNA SNPs.  FTDNA is changing to the new platform because it offers better potential for future upgrade options.

     

    Backbone Test:  When you take any of the yDNA or mtDNA tests at FTDNA, your results include a free haplogroup determination.  Haplogroup is similar to nationality and reflects your very deep, ancient ancestry.  If your yDNA test is inconclusive, FTDNA will perform a free Backbone SNP test to determine your basic haplogroup designation.

     

    Deep Clade Test:  Once you know your Y chromosome male haplogroup, you may then focus on your branch of the phylogenetic tree through subclade testing, also known as Deep Clade testing.  FTDNA currently offers Deep Clade tests for Haplogroups E, G, H, I, J, N, O,  and R.

     

    SNP Test:  You may also focus on your branch of the phylogenetic tree through testing for specific Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) which help determine your specific subclade.  The L257 SNP test is one example.

     

    Kittler Test:  This is an advanced test of one double marker called DYS385a/b.  By convention, the lowest value is always listed first and the highest value second.  This test will allow you to see the actual order of DYS385a/b.  For example, DYS385a/b is usually 14-11 in Haplogroup R1b and is usually 11-14 in Haplogroup R1a.

     

    DYF371X Test:  This is an advanced test that determines why certain individuals have a null value for DYS425, which is a fairly rare event.

     

    DYS464X Test:  This is an advanced test of DYS464, a fast-moving multi-copy DNA marker.  It could be called a “quazi-SNP” test and it has value for exploring both genealogy and anthropology.

     

    Factoids:  This is a lighthearted “cocktail party” test of predisposition to certain physical traits or conditions.  The list of factoids available to be tested include the following: alcohol flush reaction, avoidance of errors, back pain, bitter taste perception, caffeine metabolism, earwax type, freckling, longevity, male pattern baldness, muscle performance and nicotine dependence.

     

     

     

  • How Many of You Are There?

    Here is a link to a fun website that shows you how many people in the United States have exactly the same first and last name that you do.  This does not have much to do with genealogy or DNA but it is interesting nonetheless.

  • FTDNA Father's Day Sale

    Family Tree DNA is offering their 37 marker Y-DNA test for the reduced price of $139 from June 6th to June 18th.  Click here to order a test kit through our Phillips DNA Project which will guarantee your results will be included in our project.  Please remember that only men can take a Y-DNA test since only men have a Y chromosome.

  • Navigating Y-DNA at FTDNA

    Hundreds of thousands of genealogists have turned to Y-DNA testing to aid in their genealogical efforts. However, after completing the test, many are faced with more questions than answers.  Click here to view a 56 minute free recording of "Navigating Y-DNA at Family Tree DNA".

  • Finding Lisa: A story of murders, mysteries, loss, and, incredibly, new life

    Lisa never stopped wondering who she was or where she came from. Who were her biological parents? Were they still alive?

    Two years ago, she embarked in earnest on a quest for her identity, joining millions of others who have turned to DNA databases to trace their roots. Law enforcement officials and genealogists alike would join the search, determined to help Lisa find her place in the world.

    Click here to read the entire, fascinating story in the Boston Globe.

  • Most French Canadians are descended from 800 women

    To help fix New France's gender imbalance, two men came up with an innovative idea to import young women to the colony to marry male settlers. Almost all of the women were poor and many were orphans.  Two-thirds of today's French-Canadians can trace their ancestry back to one of these 800 women who were known as the Filles du Roi or "Daughters of the King".  Click here to read more in "Canada: The Story of Us".

  • WDYTYA? LIVE to close its doors

    The UK's largest family history event comes to an end after ten years.  Immediate Media, the organizers of the annual event, reached the difficult decision this week due to financial reasons.  Click here to read more in WDYTYA Magazine.

  • Member tests in progress at FTDNA

    Member Tests in Progress at FTDNA as of 4/27/2017

     

    Due Date, Batch #, Kit #, Type of Test

     

    05/03/2017, 689, 71714, Family Finder

    05/10/2017, 727, 644829, Y-DNA 67

    05/24/2017, 737, 341870, Y-DNA 111

    06/05/2017, 743, 665614, Y-DNA 25

    06/19/2017, 743, B120736, Big Y

    06/21/2017, 744, 26404, Big Y

     

     

    EXPLANATION OF TESTS:

     

    Y-DNA Test:  This is a test of single tandem repeat markers found on a man’s Y chromosome and it is a male specific test.  Women do not have a Y chromosome.  The Y chromosome is handed down from father to son over the generations, so results of this test are used to confirm or disprove a genealogical connection on the direct paternal line.  There are five different levels of yDNA tests offered by FTDNA:  12 markers, 24 markers, 37 markers, 67 markers and 111 markers.

     

    Big Y Test:  This is direct paternal lineage Y chromosome test of single nucleotide polymorphism markers designed to explore ancient, deep ancestral links on the universal paternal tree.  It is intended for expert users with an interest in advancing science, not personal genealogy.  This is an anthropological test, not a genealogical test.

     

    MT-DNA Test:  This is a test of mitochondrial DNA which is found in both men and women.  It traces the direct maternal line without influence from other lines.  Because mtDNA mutates very slowly, this test is more of an anthropological test than a genealogical test.  FTDNA offers the following mtDNA tests:  HVR1, HVR1 and 2, and Full Sequence (FGS) or Mega test.

     

    Super DNA Test:  This is a combination of a male specific-chromosome 67 marker test for the direct paternal line and the Full Mitochondrial Sequence (FMS) test for the direct maternal line.  Results identify the ethnic and geographic origin of the maternal and paternal lines of the individual being tested.

     

    Family Finder Test:  This is a test of autosomal DNA which is found in both men and women.  It is designed to trace most of your ancestral lines and it can identify relationships up to five generations back from you with confidence.

     

    Family Finder Conversion is the conversion of the original Family Finder test to a new platform called the Illumina Omni platform.  The new microarray chip tests about 710,000 unique autosomal DNA SNPs.  FTDNA is changing to the new platform because it offers better potential for future upgrade options.

     

    Backbone Test:  When you take any of the yDNA or mtDNA tests at FTDNA, your results include a free haplogroup determination.  Haplogroup is similar to nationality and reflects your very deep, ancient ancestry.  If your yDNA test is inconclusive, FTDNA will perform a free Backbone SNP test to determine your basic haplogroup designation.

     

    Deep Clade Test:  Once you know your Y chromosome male haplogroup, you may then focus on your branch of the phylogenetic tree through subclade testing, also known as Deep Clade testing.  FTDNA currently offers Deep Clade tests for Haplogroups E, G, H, I, J, N, O,  and R.

     

    SNP Test:  You may also focus on your branch of the phylogenetic tree through testing for specific Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) which help determine your specific subclade.  The L257 SNP test is one example.

     

    Kittler Test:  This is an advanced test of one double marker called DYS385a/b.  By convention, the lowest value is always listed first and the highest value second.  This test will allow you to see the actual order of DYS385a/b.  For example, DYS385a/b is usually 14-11 in Haplogroup R1b and is usually 11-14 in Haplogroup R1a.

     

    DYF371X Test:  This is an advanced test that determines why certain individuals have a null value for DYS425, which is a fairly rare event.

     

    DYS464X Test:  This is an advanced test of DYS464, a fast-moving multi-copy DNA marker.  It could be called a “quazi-SNP” test and it has value for exploring both genealogy and anthropology.

     

    Factoids:  This is a lighthearted “cocktail party” test of predisposition to certain physical traits or conditions.  The list of factoids available to be tested include the following: alcohol flush reaction, avoidance of errors, back pain, bitter taste perception, caffeine metabolism, earwax type, freckling, longevity, male pattern baldness, muscle performance and nicotine dependence.

     

     

     

  • National DNA Day Sale

    Starting today, April 20th, Family Tree DNA is reducing prices on their best-selling DNA tests for one week only to celebrate National DNA Day.  Here is a link to a page at FTDNA where you can order a test kit through our Phillips DNA Project.  Although most of their DNA tests are on sale, please remember that our Phillips DNA Project is based on Y-DNA test results only.

  • Distribution of European Y-DNA haplogroups

    Here is a link to a website that lists the percentages of different haplogroups found in various European countries.  The figures are only indicative and several sources were used and averages recalculated by merging the data available.

  • German DNA research project

    Living DNA and the Computer Genealogy Association (CompGen), the largest genealogical association in Germany, work together with leading academics, researchers and genealogists and need your help.

    Together we want to map the genetic origins of the world as precisely as possible geographically.The extended database, which is derived from it, basically allows all people of the world to determine their own individual descent and their relationship with the rest of mankind even more precisely.

    Our preliminary research has identified up to 24 regions in Germany where we expect significant genetic differences. If your ancestors were born within today's Germany or in one of the former Eastern territories (Silesia, Posen, Pomerania, East and West Prussia), then you are eligible for our project.

    Click here to participate in the German DNA Project.

  • England's Immigrants Database

    Here is a link to a fully searchable database containing over 64,000 names of people known to have migrated to England between 1330 and 1550.

  • East Asians are genetically similar to their ancient ancestors

    For the first time, scientists have been able to extract DNA from ancient East Asian bones and compare it to the DNA of the people there today. It turns out that modern East Asians, unlike Europeans, are very genetically similar to their ancestors — and this information tells us more about the origins of farming and how populations migrated or stayed put. Click here to read the entire article in The Verge.

  • DNA Suggests a Maternal "Dynasty" in Ancient Southwest Society

    More than a century after the discovery of an ancient crypt loaded with turquoise and other riches in New Mexico’s Chaco Canyon, scientists have analyzed DNA from the remains of 14 people buried there. What they found is surprising evidence of a matrilineal society, where power and influence appear to have been passed down through the female line.  Click here to read the whole story in History.com.

  • Member tests in progress at FTDNA

    Member Tests in Progress at FTDNA as of 3/01/2017

     

    Due Date, Batch #, Kit #, Type of Test

     

    03/08/2017, 707, 259755, L193 SNP Pack

    03/08/2017, 717, 631341, Y-DNA 37

    03/20/2017, 689, 71714, Family Finder

    03/22/2017, 721, 634957, Y-DNA 37

    03/27/2017, 722, 601483, Y-DNA 37

    04/03/2017, 724, 643083, Y-DNA 37

    04/10/2017, 726, B120736, Y-DNA 67

     

     

    EXPLANATION OF TESTS:

     

    Y-DNA Test:  This is a test of single tandem repeat markers found on a man’s Y chromosome and it is a male specific test.  Women do not have a Y chromosome.  The Y chromosome is handed down from father to son over the generations, so results of this test are used to confirm or disprove a genealogical connection on the direct paternal line.  There are five different levels of yDNA tests offered by FTDNA:  12 markers, 24 markers, 37 markers, 67 markers and 111 markers.

     

    Big Y Test:  This is direct paternal lineage Y chromosome test of single nucleotide polymorphism markers designed to explore ancient, deep ancestral links on the universal paternal tree.  It is intended for expert users with an interest in advancing science, not personal genealogy.  This is an anthropological test, not a genealogical test.

     

    MT-DNA Test:  This is a test of mitochondrial DNA which is found in both men and women.  It traces the direct maternal line without influence from other lines.  Because mtDNA mutates very slowly, this test is more of an anthropological test than a genealogical test.  FTDNA offers the following mtDNA tests:  HVR1, HVR1 and 2, and Full Sequence (FGS) or Mega test.

     

    Super DNA Test:  This is a combination of a male specific-chromosome 67 marker test for the direct paternal line and the Full Mitochondrial Sequence (FMS) test for the direct maternal line.  Results identify the ethnic and geographic origin of the maternal and paternal lines of the individual being tested.

     

    Family Finder Test:  This is a test of autosomal DNA which is found in both men and women.  It is designed to trace most of your ancestral lines and it can identify relationships up to five generations back from you with confidence.

     

    Family Finder Conversion is the conversion of the original Family Finder test to a new platform called the Illumina Omni platform.  The new microarray chip tests about 710,000 unique autosomal DNA SNPs.  FTDNA is changing to the new platform because it offers better potential for future upgrade options.

     

    Backbone Test:  When you take any of the yDNA or mtDNA tests at FTDNA, your results include a free haplogroup determination.  Haplogroup is similar to nationality and reflects your very deep, ancient ancestry.  If your yDNA test is inconclusive, FTDNA will perform a free Backbone SNP test to determine your basic haplogroup designation.

     

    Deep Clade Test:  Once you know your Y chromosome male haplogroup, you may then focus on your branch of the phylogenetic tree through subclade testing, also known as Deep Clade testing.  FTDNA currently offers Deep Clade tests for Haplogroups E, G, H, I, J, N, O,  and R.

     

    SNP Test:  You may also focus on your branch of the phylogenetic tree through testing for specific Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) which help determine your specific subclade.  The L257 SNP test is one example.

     

    Kittler Test:  This is an advanced test of one double marker called DYS385a/b.  By convention, the lowest value is always listed first and the highest value second.  This test will allow you to see the actual order of DYS385a/b.  For example, DYS385a/b is usually 14-11 in Haplogroup R1b and is usually 11-14 in Haplogroup R1a.

     

    DYF371X Test:  This is an advanced test that determines why certain individuals have a null value for DYS425, which is a fairly rare event.

     

    DYS464X Test:  This is an advanced test of DYS464, a fast-moving multi-copy DNA marker.  It could be called a “quazi-SNP” test and it has value for exploring both genealogy and anthropology.

     

    Factoids:  This is a lighthearted “cocktail party” test of predisposition to certain physical traits or conditions.  The list of factoids available to be tested include the following: alcohol flush reaction, avoidance of errors, back pain, bitter taste perception, caffeine metabolism, earwax type, freckling, longevity, male pattern baldness, muscle performance and nicotine dependence.

     

     

     

  • The Y-Chromosome in Forensic and Public Health Genetics

    Here is a link to another highly technical but interesting article on the male Y-chromosome.

  • Clustering of 770,000 genomes reveals post-colonial population structure of North America

    Here is a link to a technical but interesting article on nature.com.  I thought the finding of reduced north-south gene flow especially interesting and it matches what we have found in our Phillips DNA Project - ie, very little mixture between Northern Phillips families and Southern Phillips Families.

  • DNA section on the Guild of One-Name Studies' website

    The Guild of One-Name Studies has added a DNA section to their website with lots of useful information about DNA testing and surname projects including an article that we wrote about the Phillips DNA Project.  Here is a link to the new page.

  • Adopted man identifies birth father thru FTDNA test

    Here is a link to an interesting video by a man who used DNA testing to learn the surname of his biological father.  Thanks to member Doyle Phillips for this tip.

  • Dust to dust: Scientists Find DNA of Human Ancestors in Cave Floor Dirt

    Imagine being able to collect the DNA of a human ancestor who's been dead for tens of thousands of years from the dirt on the floor of a cave. Sounds fantastic, but scientists in Germany think they may be able to do just that. If they're successful, it could open a new door into understanding the extinct relatives of humans.  Read more at this link.

  • DNA analysis proves Arabs aren't entirely Arab

    The National Geographic's Genographic project gives us surprising information about Arab genetic makeup.  Here is a link to the story on stepfeed.com.

  • Member tests in progress at FTDNA

    Member Tests in Progress at FTDNA as of 1/9/2017

     

    Due Date, Batch #, Kit #, Type of Test

     

    01/25/2017, 689, 71714, Family Finder

    01/25/2017, 701, 74772, L21v2 SNP Pack

    02/01/2017, 706, 19622, mtFull Sequence

    02/08/2017, 707, 26200, Y-DNA 67 + Family Finder

    02/08/2017, 709, 65267, Family Finder

    02/08/2017, 707, 259755, L193 SNP Pack

    02/08/2017, 707, B137498, mtDNA Plus

    02/15/2017, 708, 82751, FGC494 SNP Pack

    02/15/2017, 708, B5666, V68 SNP Pack

    02/22/2017, 709, 22919, Y-DNA 37

    02/22/2017, 709, 466536, Y-DNA 37

    02/27/2017, 710, 252748, Y-DNA 67

    02/27/2017, 710, 606103, mtFull Sequence + Y-DNA 25

     

     

    EXPLANATION OF TESTS:

     

    Y-DNA Test:  This is a test of single tandem repeat markers found on a man’s Y chromosome and it is a male specific test.  Women do not have a Y chromosome.  The Y chromosome is handed down from father to son over the generations, so results of this test are used to confirm or disprove a genealogical connection on the direct paternal line.  There are five different levels of yDNA tests offered by FTDNA:  12 markers, 24 markers, 37 markers, 67 markers and 111 markers.

     

    Big Y Test:  This is direct paternal lineage Y chromosome test of single nucleotide polymorphism markers designed to explore ancient, deep ancestral links on the universal paternal tree.  It is intended for expert users with an interest in advancing science, not personal genealogy.  This is an anthropological test, not a genealogical test.

     

    MT-DNA Test:  This is a test of mitochondrial DNA which is found in both men and women.  It traces the direct maternal line without influence from other lines.  Because mtDNA mutates very slowly, this test is more of an anthropological test than a genealogical test.  FTDNA offers the following mtDNA tests:  HVR1, HVR1 and 2, and Full Sequence (FGS) or Mega test.

     

    Super DNA Test:  This is a combination of a male specific-chromosome 67 marker test for the direct paternal line and the Full Mitochondrial Sequence (FMS) test for the direct maternal line.  Results identify the ethnic and geographic origin of the maternal and paternal lines of the individual being tested.

     

    Family Finder Test:  This is a test of autosomal DNA which is found in both men and women.  It is designed to trace most of your ancestral lines and it can identify relationships up to five generations back from you with confidence.

     

    Family Finder Conversion is the conversion of the original Family Finder test to a new platform called the Illumina Omni platform.  The new microarray chip tests about 710,000 unique autosomal DNA SNPs.  FTDNA is changing to the new platform because it offers better potential for future upgrade options.

     

    Backbone Test:  When you take any of the yDNA or mtDNA tests at FTDNA, your results include a free haplogroup determination.  Haplogroup is similar to nationality and reflects your very deep, ancient ancestry.  If your yDNA test is inconclusive, FTDNA will perform a free Backbone SNP test to determine your basic haplogroup designation.

     

    Deep Clade Test:  Once you know your Y chromosome male haplogroup, you may then focus on your branch of the phylogenetic tree through subclade testing, also known as Deep Clade testing.  FTDNA currently offers Deep Clade tests for Haplogroups E, G, H, I, J, N, O,  and R.

     

    SNP Test:  You may also focus on your branch of the phylogenetic tree through testing for specific Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) which help determine your specific subclade.  The L257 SNP test is one example.

     

    Kittler Test:  This is an advanced test of one double marker called DYS385a/b.  By convention, the lowest value is always listed first and the highest value second.  This test will allow you to see the actual order of DYS385a/b.  For example, DYS385a/b is usually 14-11 in Haplogroup R1b and is usually 11-14 in Haplogroup R1a.

     

    DYF371X Test:  This is an advanced test that determines why certain individuals have a null value for DYS425, which is a fairly rare event.

     

    DYS464X Test:  This is an advanced test of DYS464, a fast-moving multi-copy DNA marker.  It could be called a “quazi-SNP” test and it has value for exploring both genealogy and anthropology.

     

    Factoids:  This is a lighthearted “cocktail party” test of predisposition to certain physical traits or conditions.  The list of factoids available to be tested include the following: alcohol flush reaction, avoidance of errors, back pain, bitter taste perception, caffeine metabolism, earwax type, freckling, longevity, male pattern baldness, muscle performance and nicotine dependence.

     

     

  • Debunking pseudogenetics

    Here is a link to an interesting lecture given a few weeks ago by Dr. Jennifer Raff who has published rather extensively on Native American DNA.  In this lecture, she talks about pseudoscience and pseudogenetics which is used to construct genetic myths including ones about the existence of Sasquatch.

  • Irish Clans and Surnames

    Clans and Surnames will take place in Nenagh, Co. Tipperary from May 15 - 19. 2017 at the Great National Abbey Court Hotel.. Packages include classes, workshops and lectures and it helps those who are putting their family histories together, researching Irish ancestry and making sense of sources.  Click here to read more.

  • Introduction to DNA for Genealogists

    Here is a link to a lecture by Jim Rader on You Tube which he delivered at Roots Tech in January of 2016.  This is an excellent introduction describing how to use DNA for genealogy.

  • Are you related to Edward III?

    The BBC series 'Who do you think you are?' has traced the ancestors of the actor Danny Dyer, famous for parts in many films.  ISOGG member Andrew Millard discusses the probabilities of being descended from Edward III like Danny Dyer.  This also provides a good summary of the problem of pedigree collapse.  Click here to listen to this program on BBC Radio.

  • Skeletal shock for Norwegian researchers at Viking hunting

    The riddle of the Viking chief Rollo’s rise remains unresolved. Norwegian researchers tested skeletal remains that were supposed to be from his descendants, but that have turned out to be far older than Rollo.  Click here to read more in Norway Today.

  • FTDNA's 2016 Holiday Sale

    In the spirit of the holidays, Family Tree DNA has slashed prices on most of their most popular products.  Here is a link to a page where you can order a 37 marker Y-DNA test through our Phillips DNA Project for the sales price of $139.00:

    https://www.familytreedna.com/group-join.aspx?Group=Phillips

    Please remember that our project is based on tests of the male Y chromosome, so if you order something else, we cannot use it in our project.

     

  • DNA tests in progress

    Member Tests in Progress at FTDNA as of 11/06/2016

     

    Due Date, Batch #, Kit #, Type of Test

     

    11/23/2016, 694, 250714, R1b-DF49xM222 SNP Pack

    11/23/2016, 695, Y-DNA 37 & mtDNA Plus

    11/30/2016, 689, 71714, Family Finder

    11/30/2016, 697, 527422, mtFull Sequence

    12/07/2016, 698, 441822, I2-L596 SNP Pack

    12/14/2016, 699, N73727, R1b-M343 Backbone SNP Pack

    12/21/2016, 700, 532695, Y-DNA 25

    12/21/2016, 700, 369346, R1b-Z192 SNP Pack

    12/21/2016, 700, 558353, Y-DNA 37 & Family Finder

    12/21/2016, 700, 563104, Y-DNA 37

    12/28/2016, 701, 74772, R1b L21v2 SNP Pack

    12/28/2016, 701, 76670, Y-DNA 67

     

     

    EXPLANATION OF TESTS:

     

    Y-DNA Test:  This is a test of single tandem repeat markers found on a man’s Y chromosome and it is a male specific test.  Women do not have a Y chromosome.  The Y chromosome is handed down from father to son over the generations, so results of this test are used to confirm or disprove a genealogical connection on the direct paternal line.  There are five different levels of yDNA tests offered by FTDNA:  12 markers, 24 markers, 37 markers, 67 markers and 111 markers.

     

    Big Y Test:  This is direct paternal lineage Y chromosome test of single nucleotide polymorphism markers designed to explore ancient, deep ancestral links on the universal paternal tree.  It is intended for expert users with an interest in advancing science, not personal genealogy.  This is an anthropological test, not a genealogical test.

     

    MT-DNA Test:  This is a test of mitochondrial DNA which is found in both men and women.  It traces the direct maternal line without influence from other lines.  Because mtDNA mutates very slowly, this test is more of an anthropological test than a genealogical test.  FTDNA offers the following mtDNA tests:  HVR1, HVR1 and 2, and Full Sequence (FGS) or Mega test.

     

    Super DNA Test:  This is a combination of a male specific-chromosome 67 marker test for the direct paternal line and the Full Mitochondrial Sequence (FMS) test for the direct maternal line.  Results identify the ethnic and geographic origin of the maternal and paternal lines of the individual being tested.

     

    Family Finder Test:  This is a test of autosomal DNA which is found in both men and women.  It is designed to trace most of your ancestral lines and it can identify relationships up to five generations back from you with confidence.

     

    Family Finder Conversion is the conversion of the original Family Finder test to a new platform called the Illumina Omni platform.  The new microarray chip tests about 710,000 unique autosomal DNA SNPs.  FTDNA is changing to the new platform because it offers better potential for future upgrade options.

     

    Backbone Test:  When you take any of the yDNA or mtDNA tests at FTDNA, your results include a free haplogroup determination.  Haplogroup is similar to nationality and reflects your very deep, ancient ancestry.  If your yDNA test is inconclusive, FTDNA will perform a free Backbone SNP test to determine your basic haplogroup designation.

     

    Deep Clade Test:  Once you know your Y chromosome male haplogroup, you may then focus on your branch of the phylogenetic tree through subclade testing, also known as Deep Clade testing.  FTDNA currently offers Deep Clade tests for Haplogroups E, G, H, I, J, N, O,  and R.

     

    SNP Test:  You may also focus on your branch of the phylogenetic tree through testing for specific Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) which help determine your specific subclade.  The L257 SNP test is one example.

     

    Kittler Test:  This is an advanced test of one double marker called DYS385a/b.  By convention, the lowest value is always listed first and the highest value second.  This test will allow you to see the actual order of DYS385a/b.  For example, DYS385a/b is usually 14-11 in Haplogroup R1b and is usually 11-14 in Haplogroup R1a.

     

    DYF371X Test:  This is an advanced test that determines why certain individuals have a null value for DYS425, which is a fairly rare event.

     

    DYS464X Test:  This is an advanced test of DYS464, a fast-moving multi-copy DNA marker.  It could be called a “quazi-SNP” test and it has value for exploring both genealogy and anthropology.

     

    Factoids:  This is a lighthearted “cocktail party” test of predisposition to certain physical traits or conditions.  The list of factoids available to be tested include the following: alcohol flush reaction, avoidance of errors, back pain, bitter taste perception, caffeine metabolism, earwax type, freckling, longevity, male pattern baldness, muscle performance and nicotine dependence.

     

     

  • King Richard III - the resolution of a 500-year-old mystery

    Richard III, the protagonist in Shakespeare's play of the same name, is the focus of this year's Queen's Lecture. In August 2012, the University of Leicester in collaboration with the Richard III Society and Leicester City Council, began one of the most ambitious archaeological projects ever attempted: no less than a search for the lost grave of King Richard III. The last English king to die in battle.

    Turi King led the international research team which provided overwhelming evidence that the skeleton discovered under a car park in Leicester indeed represents the remains of King Richard III, thereby closing what is probably the oldest forensic case solved to date.

    At this year’s Queen’s Lecture, Turi King will speak about the Grey Friars project, from the early stages of planning the dig, through to the excavation and the results of the various strands of analysis carried out on the remains and modern DNA obtained from a straight descendant of Anne of York, Richard III’s eldest sister.

    Click here to watch the live stream on 1 November.  The lecture will be held in English.

  • DNA may crack a 17th century cold case

    Back in August, crews working on part of Leine castle uncovered a long-dead skeleton. Early analysis of the remains by researchers at Lund University indicates that the bones are centuries old, which could put them in the running to be Königsmarck’s long-lost body. However, there could be an answer soon—scientists at the university are working on ways to extract DNA samples from the bones in hopes of comparing it with samples from Königsmarck’s living relatives to see if they can make a match.  Read more here in Smithsonian.com.



  • DNA is helping Irish people find their ancestors from centuries ago

    MAURICE GLEESON MB is a London-based doctor during the day, but when he’s not working the Irishman is delving deep into his family’s history, using DNA.

    He’s gearing up to speak at the Back to our Past event next weekend, an event set up for those who want trace their family’s past.

    Click here to read more in The Journal.ie.

  • Fact-Checking Family Folklore with DNA Tests

    Americans are digging up surprises about their immigrant ancestors using DNA testing and online genealogy research.  Click here to read more in The Wall Street Journal.

  • DNA from the deep?

    Site has already revealed most spectacular cargo ever found from antiquity, but bones are first hope of sequencing DNA from 1st century BC shipwreck victim.  Click here to read more in The Guardian.

  • Tests in progress

    Member Tests in Progress at FTDNA as of 09/07/2016

     

    Due Date, Batch #, Kit #, Type of Test

     

    09/21/2016, 654, 39556, Family Finder & Y-DNA 111

    09/28/2016, 682, 369497, Y-DNA 67

    09/28/2016, 688, 527402, Y-DNA 67

    10/05/2016, 689, 71714, Family Finder

    10/12/2016, 691, 109492, Family Finder

    10/12/2016, 692, 231384, Family Finder

    10/12/2016, 692, 252748, Family Finder

    10/12/2016, 691, 539491, Family Finder

    10/19/2016, 691, 45295, DF13

    10/19/2016, 689, 441821, Mt-DNA Plus

     

     

    EXPLANATION OF TESTS:

     

    Y-DNA Test:  This is a test of single tandem repeat markers found on a man’s Y chromosome and it is a male specific test.  Women do not have a Y chromosome.  The Y chromosome is handed down from father to son over the generations, so results of this test are used to confirm or disprove a genealogical connection on the direct paternal line.  There are five different levels of yDNA tests offered by FTDNA:  12 markers, 24 markers, 37 markers, 67 markers and 111 markers.

     

    Big Y Test:  This is direct paternal lineage Y chromosome test of single nucleotide polymorphism markers designed to explore ancient, deep ancestral links on the universal paternal tree.  It is intended for expert users with an interest in advancing science, not personal genealogy.  This is an anthropological test, not a genealogical test.

     

    MT-DNA Test:  This is a test of mitochondrial DNA which is found in both men and women.  It traces the direct maternal line without influence from other lines.  Because mtDNA mutates very slowly, this test is more of an anthropological test than a genealogical test.  FTDNA offers the following mtDNA tests:  HVR1, HVR1 and 2, and Full Sequence (FGS) or Mega test.

     

    Super DNA Test:  This is a combination of a male specific-chromosome 67 marker test for the direct paternal line and the Full Mitochondrial Sequence (FMS) test for the direct maternal line.  Results identify the ethnic and geographic origin of the maternal and paternal lines of the individual being tested.

     

    Family Finder Test:  This is a test of autosomal DNA which is found in both men and women.  It is designed to trace most of your ancestral lines and it can identify relationships up to five generations back from you with confidence.

     

    Family Finder Conversion is the conversion of the original Family Finder test to a new platform called the Illumina Omni platform.  The new microarray chip tests about 710,000 unique autosomal DNA SNPs.  FTDNA is changing to the new platform because it offers better potential for future upgrade options.

     

    Backbone Test:  When you take any of the yDNA or mtDNA tests at FTDNA, your results include a free haplogroup determination.  Haplogroup is similar to nationality and reflects your very deep, ancient ancestry.  If your yDNA test is inconclusive, FTDNA will perform a free Backbone SNP test to determine your basic haplogroup designation.

     

    Deep Clade Test:  Once you know your Y chromosome male haplogroup, you may then focus on your branch of the phylogenetic tree through subclade testing, also known as Deep Clade testing.  FTDNA currently offers Deep Clade tests for Haplogroups E, G, H, I, J, N, O,  and R.

     

    SNP Test:  You may also focus on your branch of the phylogenetic tree through testing for specific Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) which help determine your specific subclade.  The L257 SNP test is one example.

     

    Kittler Test:  This is an advanced test of one double marker called DYS385a/b.  By convention, the lowest value is always listed first and the highest value second.  This test will allow you to see the actual order of DYS385a/b.  For example, DYS385a/b is usually 14-11 in Haplogroup R1b and is usually 11-14 in Haplogroup R1a.

     

    DYF371X Test:  This is an advanced test that determines why certain individuals have a null value for DYS425, which is a fairly rare event.

     

    DYS464X Test:  This is an advanced test of DYS464, a fast-moving multi-copy DNA marker.  It could be called a “quazi-SNP” test and it has value for exploring both genealogy and anthropology.

     

    Factoids:  This is a lighthearted “cocktail party” test of predisposition to certain physical traits or conditions.  The list of factoids available to be tested include the following: alcohol flush reaction, avoidance of errors, back pain, bitter taste perception, caffeine metabolism, earwax type, freckling, longevity, male pattern baldness, muscle performance and nicotine dependence.

     

     

  • Was Christopher Columbus the son of a Polish king?

    Christopher Columbus was the son of a Polish king living in exile in Madeira and hid his royal roots to protect his father, a new book claims.  The next step is to try and prove Columbus' royal heritage by extracting DNA from the tombs of Polish kings to compare with that of the explorer's son who is buried in Seville Cathedral.  Click here to read more in The Telegraph.

  • DNA tests helpful but genealogical research still necessary

    "DNA testing has become an accepted tool for identifying ancestors and for verifying genealogical leads," according to genealogical website Familysearch.org. "It is also used frequently to learn about our deep ancestry." It's also defined as genetic genealogy, described on Wikipedia.org as "the use of DNA testing in combination with... traditional genealogical and historical records to infer relationships between individuals."  Click here to read more in an article published in the Northwest Arkansas Democrat Gazette.

  • DNA hunters open Viking grave in Normandy

    A Norwegian-led delegation was in Normandy on Monday and opened the sarcophagus of two of Rollo’s descendants, a grandson and a great grandson. The aim is to use DNA to put an end to a centuries-long debate: Was Rollo Danish or Norwegian?  Click here to read more in Norway Today.

  • FTDNA's Sizzlin' Summer Sale!

    Summer in Houston means relentless heat. Ruthless sunshine punctuated by the occasional thunderstorm. The hum of air conditioner compressors is the season’s soundtrack.

    You know what else it means?

    Yep. You got it. It means the Sizzlin’ Summer Sale is about to launch!

    This summer the focus is on bundles that include Family Finder: Y37 + Family Finder, Y67 + Family Finder, FMS + Family Finder, and Comprehensive Genome (FF+Y67+FMS). The prices are in the chart below.

    But wait - there’s more!

    The heat must have gotten to Bennett because the only individual test he’s reduced pricing on is Family Finder, which will be $69. You read that right. $69 US DOLLARS!

    (For those of you who are new and may not be aware, Bennett Greenspan is the founder and president of FTDNA.)

    Not only has he set the Family Finder price ridiculously low, but he’s not giving us an end date for this sale. It could last a few days or a few weeks - we don’t know and he’s not telling!

    So what we’re saying is, take advantage of these great prices while they’re hot!

    Here’s the pricing: 

    Product

    Retail Price

    Sale Price

    Group Price

    Family Finder

    $99

    $69

    $69

    Y37 + Family Finder

    $268

    $228

    $218

    Y67 + Family Finder

    $367

    $327

    $317

    Comprehensive Genome (FF+Y67+FMS)

    $566

    $499

    $489

    FMS + Family Finder

    $298

    $258

    $258

     

    **Please note - these bundles must remain bundles. If you buy at the sale price for future use, the entire bundle must be used on one tester. Canceling tests from the bundle will cause tests to revert to regular price.

    ***Please also note that the Phillips DNA Project is a Y-DNA project and we cannot use your Family Finder results to identify your Phillips family group.  Here is a link to a page where you can order an FTDNA test through our Phillips DNA Project:

    https://www.familytreedna.com/group-join.aspx?Group=Phillips

  • How British are you?

    The average Briton is only 37% British with the remainder of their genes coming from European ancestors as far afield as Scandinavia, Spain and Greece.  Click here to read the entire story in the Daily Mail.

  • How slavery changed the DNA of African Americans

    Widespread sexual exploitation before the Civil War strongly influenced the genetic make-up of essentially all African Americans alive today.  Click here to read more in the Pacific Standard.

  • Discovery of Philistine cemetery

    Scholars of the period differ as to the geographical origins of the Philistines, with mainland Greece, the islands of Crete or Cyprus, and Anatolia in modern-day Turkey considered. The expedition team is now performing DNA, radiocarbon and other tests on the remains in an attempt to pinpoint their provenance.  Click here to read more in BBC News.

  • DNA tests in progress at FTDNA

    Member Tests in Progress at FTDNA as of 06/30/2016

     

    Due Date, Batch #, Kit #, Type of Test

     

    07/13/2016, 654, 39556, Family Finder & Y-DNA 111

    08/03/2016, 683, 176858, Z156

    08/10/2016, 683, 267120, Family Finder & Y-DNA 67

    08/17/2016, 682, 347740, Y-DNA 111

    08/17/2016, 682, 369497, Y-DNA 67

    08/17/2016, 682, 516229, Y-DNA 37

    08/17/2016, 682, B5666, V13

    08/24/2016, 683, 369346, R1b-U152 SNP Pack

    08/24/2016, 683, 404979, R1b-M343 SNP Pack

    08/24/2016, 681, 425082, Y-DNA 37

    08/24/2016, 683, 487899, Family Finder &Y-DNA 37

     

     EXPLANATION OF TESTS:

     

    Y-DNA Test:  This is a test of single tandem repeat markers found on a man’s Y chromosome and it is a male specific test.  Women do not have a Y chromosome.  The Y chromosome is handed down from father to son over the generations, so results of this test are used to confirm or disprove a genealogical connection on the direct paternal line.  There are five different levels of yDNA tests offered by FTDNA:  12 markers, 24 markers, 37 markers, 67 markers and 111 markers.

     

    Big Y Test:  This is direct paternal lineage Y chromosome test of single nucleotide polymorphism markers designed to explore ancient, deep ancestral links on the universal paternal tree.  It is intended for expert users with an interest in advancing science, not personal genealogy.  This is an anthropological test, not a genealogical test.

     

    MT-DNA Test:  This is a test of mitochondrial DNA which is found in both men and women.  It traces the direct maternal line without influence from other lines.  Because mtDNA mutates very slowly, this test is more of an anthropological test than a genealogical test.  FTDNA offers the following mtDNA tests:  HVR1, HVR1 and 2, and Full Sequence (FGS) or Mega test.

     

    Super DNA Test:  This is a combination of a male specific-chromosome 67 marker test for the direct paternal line and the Full Mitochondrial Sequence (FMS) test for the direct maternal line.  Results identify the ethnic and geographic origin of the maternal and paternal lines of the individual being tested.

     

    Family Finder Test:  This is a test of autosomal DNA which is found in both men and women.  It is designed to trace most of your ancestral lines and it can identify relationships up to five generations back from you with confidence.

     

    Family Finder Conversion is the conversion of the original Family Finder test to a new platform called the Illumina Omni platform.  The new microarray chip tests about 710,000 unique autosomal DNA SNPs.  FTDNA is changing to the new platform because it offers better potential for future upgrade options.

     

    Backbone Test:  When you take any of the yDNA or mtDNA tests at FTDNA, your results include a free haplogroup determination.  Haplogroup is similar to nationality and reflects your very deep, ancient ancestry.  If your yDNA test is inconclusive, FTDNA will perform a free Backbone SNP test to determine your basic haplogroup designation.

     

    Deep Clade Test:  Once you know your Y chromosome male haplogroup, you may then focus on your branch of the phylogenetic tree through subclade testing, also known as Deep Clade testing.  FTDNA currently offers Deep Clade tests for Haplogroups E, G, H, I, J, N, O,  and R.

     

    SNP Test:  You may also focus on your branch of the phylogenetic tree through testing for specific Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) which help determine your specific subclade.  The L257 SNP test is one example.

     

    Kittler Test:  This is an advanced test of one double marker called DYS385a/b.  By convention, the lowest value is always listed first and the highest value second.  This test will allow you to see the actual order of DYS385a/b.  For example, DYS385a/b is usually 14-11 in Haplogroup R1b and is usually 11-14 in Haplogroup R1a.

     

    DYF371X Test:  This is an advanced test that determines why certain individuals have a null value for DYS425, which is a fairly rare event.

     

    DYS464X Test:  This is an advanced test of DYS464, a fast-moving multi-copy DNA marker.  It could be called a “quazi-SNP” test and it has value for exploring both genealogy and anthropology.

     

    Factoids:  This is a lighthearted “cocktail party” test of predisposition to certain physical traits or conditions.  The list of factoids available to be tested include the following: alcohol flush reaction, avoidance of errors, back pain, bitter taste perception, caffeine metabolism, earwax type, freckling, longevity, male pattern baldness, muscle performance and nicotine dependence.

     

     

  • Accountant wins legal claim to baronetcy

    A retired accountant from Buckinghamshire is to be made a baronet in a landmark ruling set to shake the foundations of the British system of hereditary titles by opening them up to challenge through DNA tests for the first time. Click here to read more in The Telegraph.

  • Who's the real aristocrat?

    The Queen has commanded Britain’s most senior judges to decide if DNA evidence can be used for the first time to settle a dispute over a hereditary title, in a move that could have far-reaching consequences for the aristocracy.  Click here to read more in the Daily Mail.


  • FTDNA's Father's Day Sale

    As promised, Family Tree DNA is offering discounts on upgrade pricing during their Father's Day Sale. Starting at midnight tonight, June 15th, and ending on Monday,June 20th at 11:59 pm CDT, sale pricing for the discounted upgrades will be as follows:


    Y12-Y25

    $49

    $40

    Y12-Y37

    $99

    $79

    Y25-Y37

    $49

    $40

    Y37-Y67

    $99

    $79

    Y37-Y111

    $220

    $188

    Y67-Y11

    $129

    $109

    HVR1-FMS

    $159

    $139

    HVR2 (mtDNA Plus)-FMS

    $139

    $129

    In addition to the discounted upgrade pricing above, FTDNA will also have discounts on these select testing bundles:

     

    Y37 + Family Finder

    $268

    $218

    Y67 + Family Finder

    $367

    $288

    Comprehensive Genome (FF+Y67+FMS)

    $566

    $449


    Please note that while invoiced orders (Bill me later option) can be placed during the sale, FTDNA will only be able to honor the sale price for those orders if they are paid by the end of the sale.  Click here to order your test through the Phillips DNA Project: 

    https://www.familytreedna.com/group-join.aspx?Group=Phillips

  • Ten matches in DNA research into primal Oldenzaal

    In the town of Oldenzaal in the Netherlands, 30,000 skeletons were dug up during an archaeological dig around an old church.  Archaeologists wondered if any modern Oldenzaalers would be related to any of these buried people.  Comparison of Y-DNA from the skeletons and 128 volunteers yielded 10 matches.  Click here to read a translated version of this story.  One of our members told me this link does not take him to a translated version, so you may have to click on the translate button which should appear in the upper right hand corner of the story.

  • The DNA of Dogs

    For years, scientists have debated where dogs came from. Did wolves first forge their special relationship with humans in Europe, or in Asia? The answer, according to a new study, is yes. This week in Science, researchers report that genetic analysis of hundreds of canines reveals that dog may have been domesticated twice, once in Asia and once in Europe, although European ancestry has mostly vanished from today’s dogs. The findings could resolve a rift that has roiled the canine origins community—but the case isn’t 
closed yet.  Click here to read the whole story in Sciencemag.org.

  • Locate My Name

    Locate My Name is a website that promises to help you find distribution of names across countries and regions.  The site mainly focuses on surnames.  Click here to read more in Eastman's Online Genealogy Newsletter.

  • Three scenarios when Y-DNA is useful

    The Y chromosome DNA test, more affectionately referred to as the YDNA test, is the darling of the DNA testing industry. (At least, I think so.) In fact, of the three kinds of DNA tests, the YDNA is my favorite. It has several excellent qualities that make it useful in many genealogical scenarios, but let’s look at three.  Click here to continue reading Lisa Louise Cooke's Genealogy Gems.

  • DNA tests in progress at FTDNA

    Member Tests in Progress at FTDNA as of 05/07/2016

     

    Due Date, Batch #, Kit #, Type of Test

     

    06/01/2016, 654, 39556, Family Finder & Y-DNA 111

    06/01/2016, 672, 91742, Family Finder

    06/01/2016, 671, 492319, Y-DNA 37

    06/15/2016, 673, 288896, Y-DNA 111

    06/22/2016, 674, 347740, mtDNA Full Sequence

    07/06/2016, 674, 206072, Big Y

     

    EXPLANATION OF TESTS:

     

    Y-DNA Test:  This is a test of single tandem repeat markers found on a man’s Y chromosome and it is a male specific test.  Women do not have a Y chromosome.  The Y chromosome is handed down from father to son over the generations, so results of this test are used to confirm or disprove a genealogical connection on the direct paternal line.  There are five different levels of yDNA tests offered by FTDNA:  12 markers, 24 markers, 37 markers, 67 markers and 111 markers.

     

    Big Y Test:  This is direct paternal lineage Y chromosome test of single nucleotide polymorphism markers designed to explore ancient, deep ancestral links on the universal paternal tree.  It is intended for expert users with an interest in advancing science, not personal genealogy.  This is an anthropological test, not a genealogical test.

     

    MT-DNA Test:  This is a test of mitochondrial DNA which is found in both men and women.  It traces the direct maternal line without influence from other lines.  Because mtDNA mutates very slowly, this test is more of an anthropological test than a genealogical test.  FTDNA offers the following mtDNA tests:  HVR1, HVR1 and 2, and Full Sequence (FGS) or Mega test.

     

    Super DNA Test:  This is a combination of a male specific-chromosome 67 marker test for the direct paternal line and the Full Mitochondrial Sequence (FMS) test for the direct maternal line.  Results identify the ethnic and geographic origin of the maternal and paternal lines of the individual being tested.

     

    Family Finder Test:  This is a test of autosomal DNA which is found in both men and women.  It is designed to trace most of your ancestral lines and it can identify relationships up to five generations back from you with confidence.

     

    Family Finder Conversion is the conversion of the original Family Finder test to a new platform called the Illumina Omni platform.  The new microarray chip tests about 710,000 unique autosomal DNA SNPs.  FTDNA is changing to the new platform because it offers better potential for future upgrade options.

     

    Backbone Test:  When you take any of the yDNA or mtDNA tests at FTDNA, your results include a free haplogroup determination.  Haplogroup is similar to nationality and reflects your very deep, ancient ancestry.  If your yDNA test is inconclusive, FTDNA will perform a free Backbone SNP test to determine your basic haplogroup designation.

     

    Deep Clade Test:  Once you know your Y chromosome male haplogroup, you may then focus on your branch of the phylogenetic tree through subclade testing, also known as Deep Clade testing.  FTDNA currently offers Deep Clade tests for Haplogroups E, G, H, I, J, N, O,  and R.

     

    SNP Test:  You may also focus on your branch of the phylogenetic tree through testing for specific Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) which help determine your specific subclade.  The L257 SNP test is one example.

     

    Kittler Test:  This is an advanced test of one double marker called DYS385a/b.  By convention, the lowest value is always listed first and the highest value second.  This test will allow you to see the actual order of DYS385a/b.  For example, DYS385a/b is usually 14-11 in Haplogroup R1b and is usually 11-14 in Haplogroup R1a.

     

    DYF371X Test:  This is an advanced test that determines why certain individuals have a null value for DYS425, which is a fairly rare event.

     

    DYS464X Test:  This is an advanced test of DYS464, a fast-moving multi-copy DNA marker.  It could be called a “quazi-SNP” test and it has value for exploring both genealogy and anthropology.

     

    Factoids:  This is a lighthearted “cocktail party” test of predisposition to certain physical traits or conditions.  The list of factoids available to be tested include the following: alcohol flush reaction, avoidance of errors, back pain, bitter taste perception, caffeine metabolism, earwax type, freckling, longevity, male pattern baldness, muscle performance and nicotine dependence.

     

     

  • Kennewick Man will be given a Native American burial

    The skeleton was found on federal land, so it technically fell under U.S. Army Corps of Engineers' control. But five Native American nations claimed that the "Ancient One” was in fact Native American and should be repatriated under NAGPRA. This assertion was controversial until a 2015 study showed that Kennewick Man was in fact Native American. Though the DNA evidence from this study didn't link him to a particular nation, it showed that his genome was more closely related to modern Native Americans than any other modern human in existence.

    Click here to read the entire story at Smithsonian.com.


  • DNA Day Sale at FTDNA

    National DNA Day is April 25th and FTDNA is celebrating by having a sale on most of its DNA tests.  The sale will run until midnight of Thursday April 26, so don't delay.  Here is a link to the home page of FTDNA and a list of sales prices:

     

    https://www.familytreedna.com/

     

    Product

    Retail Pricing

       Sale Price

    Family Finder

           $99

         $79

    mtFull Seq

          $199

        $149

    Y37

          $169

        $129

    Y67

          $268

        $199

    Y111

          $359

        $289

    BigY

          $575

        $460

    SNP Packs

          $119

        $109

  • Britons still live in tribal kingdoms

    Britons are still living in the same 'tribes' that they did in the 7th Century, Oxford University has found after an astonishing study into our genetic make-up.  Click here to read more in The Telegraph.

  • DNA points to Neanderthal breeding barrier

    Incompatibilities in the DNA of Neanderthals and modern humans may have limited the impact of interbreeding between the two groups.  Click here to read more in BBC news.

  • Ancestry unable to restore all of Rootsweb

    Ancestry has been trying for weeks to fix a data loss in its RootsWeb/USGenWeb/WorldConnect web pages. The company has been able to repair many of the lost pages but not all.  Click here to read more in Eastman's Online Genealogy Newsletter.

  • Discovery of old bones could change what we know about the Irish

    Ten years ago, an Irish pub owner was clearing land for a driveway when his digging exposed an unusually large flat stone. The stone obscured a dark gap underneath. He grabbed a flashlight to peer in.

    "I shot the torch in and saw the gentleman, well, his skull and bones," Bertie Currie, the pub owner, said this week.

    The remains of three humans, in fact, were found behind McCuaig’s Bar in County Antrim, Northern Ireland. And though police were called, it was not, as it turned out, a crime scene.

    Instead, what Currie had stumbled over was an ancient burial that, after a recent DNA analysis, challenges the traditional centuries-old account of Irish origins.

    Click here to continue reading this interesting story in The Washington Post.

  • Member DNA tests in progress at FTDNA

    Member Tests in Progress at FTDNA as of 03/15/2016

     

    Due Date, Batch #, Kit #, Type of Test

     

    04/06/2016, 654, 39556, Family Finder & Y-DNA 111

    04/06/2016, 656, 86314, DF27 SNP Pack

    04/06/2016, 663, 441794, Y-DNA 37

    04/13/2016, 662, 471729, Y-DNA 37

    04/20/2016, 663, 478265, Y-DNA 37

    04/27/2016, 664, 445856, Y-DNA 37

    04/27/2016, 665, B68114, Y-DNA 111

    05/11/2016, 666, 481770, Y-DNA 37

    05/18/2016, 667, 477610, Y-DNA 67

    05/18/2016, 667, 484751, Y-DNA 37

     

    EXPLANATION OF TESTS:

     

    Y-DNA Test:  This is a test of single tandem repeat markers found on a man’s Y chromosome and it is a male specific test.  Women do not have a Y chromosome.  The Y chromosome is handed down from father to son over the generations, so results of this test are used to confirm or disprove a genealogical connection on the direct paternal line.  There are five different levels of yDNA tests offered by FTDNA:  12 markers, 24 markers, 37 markers, 67 markers and 111 markers.

     

    Big Y Test:  This is direct paternal lineage Y chromosome test of single nucleotide polymorphism markers designed to explore ancient, deep ancestral links on the universal paternal tree.  It is intended for expert users with an interest in advancing science, not personal genealogy.  This is an anthropological test, not a genealogical test.

     

    MT-DNA Test:  This is a test of mitochondrial DNA which is found in both men and women.  It traces the direct maternal line without influence from other lines.  Because mtDNA mutates very slowly, this test is more of an anthropological test than a genealogical test.  FTDNA offers the following mtDNA tests:  HVR1, HVR1 and 2, and Full Sequence (FGS) or Mega test.

     

    Super DNA Test:  This is a combination of a male specific-chromosome 67 marker test for the direct paternal line and the Full Mitochondrial Sequence (FMS) test for the direct maternal line.  Results identify the ethnic and geographic origin of the maternal and paternal lines of the individual being tested.

     

    Family Finder Test:  This is a test of autosomal DNA which is found in both men and women.  It is designed to trace most of your ancestral lines and it can identify relationships up to five generations back from you with confidence.

     

    Family Finder Conversion is the conversion of the original Family Finder test to a new platform called the Illumina Omni platform.  The new microarray chip tests about 710,000 unique autosomal DNA SNPs.  FTDNA is changing to the new platform because it offers better potential for future upgrade options.

     

    Backbone Test:  When you take any of the yDNA or mtDNA tests at FTDNA, your results include a free haplogroup determination.  Haplogroup is similar to nationality and reflects your very deep, ancient ancestry.  If your yDNA test is inconclusive, FTDNA will perform a free Backbone SNP test to determine your basic haplogroup designation.

     

    Deep Clade Test:  Once you know your Y chromosome male haplogroup, you may then focus on your branch of the phylogenetic tree through subclade testing, also known as Deep Clade testing.  FTDNA currently offers Deep Clade tests for Haplogroups E, G, H, I, J, N, O,  and R.

     

    SNP Test:  You may also focus on your branch of the phylogenetic tree through testing for specific Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) which help determine your specific subclade.  The L257 SNP test is one example.

     

    Kittler Test:  This is an advanced test of one double marker called DYS385a/b.  By convention, the lowest value is always listed first and the highest value second.  This test will allow you to see the actual order of DYS385a/b.  For example, DYS385a/b is usually 14-11 in Haplogroup R1b and is usually 11-14 in Haplogroup R1a.

     

    DYF371X Test:  This is an advanced test that determines why certain individuals have a null value for DYS425, which is a fairly rare event.

     

    DYS464X Test:  This is an advanced test of DYS464, a fast-moving multi-copy DNA marker.  It could be called a “quazi-SNP” test and it has value for exploring both genealogy and anthropology.

     

    Factoids:  This is a lighthearted “cocktail party” test of predisposition to certain physical traits or conditions.  The list of factoids available to be tested include the following: alcohol flush reaction, avoidance of errors, back pain, bitter taste perception, caffeine metabolism, earwax type, freckling, longevity, male pattern baldness, muscle performance and nicotine dependence.

     

     

  • Was Viking ruler Rollo Danish or Norwegian?

    Norwegian researchers opened a tomb containing the remains of descendants of Viking leader Rollo in Normandy, France on Monday with the aim of putting an end to a centuries-long debate: was Rollo Danish or Norwegian?  The researchers will attempt to obtain DNA from 8 teeth found in the tomb.  Click here to read more in The Local, Norway's news in English.

  • It's official: Native Americans and Siberians are cousins

    After more than a century of speculation, an international group of geneticists has conclusively proven that the Aztecs, Incas, and Iroquois are closely related to the peoples of Altai, the Siberian region that borders China and Mongolia.  Click here to read more in Russia Beyond The Headlines.

  • Iceman Reborn

    Watch as Otzi, a 5000-year-old mummy, is brought to life and preserved with 3D modeling.  Airing February 17, 2016 at 9 pm on PBS.

  • The Wetsuitman

    Last winter two bodies were found in Norway and the Netherlands.  They were wearing identical wetsuits.  The police in three countries were involved in the case, but never managed to identify them.  This is the story of how DNA proved who they were.  Read the entire story at this link.

  • New Family Tree Maker Options

    Last December, Ancestry.com announced that they were going to retire their Family Tree Maker software.  Probably due to a large outcry from their customers, Ancestry announced today that they have developed two options for desktop software that will work with Ancestry.  Here is a link to that announcement.

  • Iron Age and Anglo-Saxon genomes

    The present-day English owe about a third of their ancestry to the Anglo-Saxons, according to a new DNA study.  Click here to read more in BBC News and thanks to member John Phillips of England for this link.

  • DNA tests in progress at FTDNA

    Member Tests in Progress at FTDNA as of 01/19/2016

     

    Due Date, Batch #, Kit #, Type of Test

     

    01/06/2016, 649, 16800, Big Y

    02/10/2016, 654, 250714, Y-DNA 111

    02/10/2016, 654, 39556, Family Finder

    02/10/2016, 654, 115064, Y-DNA 111

    02/17/2016, 653, 229537, L47 SNP Pack

    03/02/2016, 659, 468762, Family Finder

    03/09/2016, 656, 69666, L21 SNP Pack

    03/09/2016, 656, 86314, DF27 SNP Pack

    03/09/2016, 657, 237386, Y-DNA 67

    03/09/2016, 657, 242917, Y-DNA 37

    03/28/2016, 658, 464334, Y-DNA 67

     

    EXPLANATION OF TESTS:

     

    Y-DNA Test:  This is a test of a man’s Y chromosome and it is a male specific test.  Women do not have a Y chromosome.  The Y chromosome is handed down from father to son over the generations, so results of this test are used to confirm or disprove a genealogical connection on the direct paternal line.  There are five different levels of yDNA tests offered by FTDNA:  12 markers, 24 markers, 37 markers, 67 markers and 111 markers.

     

    Big Y Test:  This is another direct paternal lineage Y chromosome test designed to explore ancient, deep ancestral links on the universal paternal tree.  It is intended for expert users with an interest in advancing science, not personal genealogy.  This is an anthropological test, not a genealogical test.

     

    MT-DNA Test:  This is a test of mitochondrial DNA which is found in both men and women.  It traces the direct maternal line without influence from other lines.  Because mtDNA mutates very slowly, this test is more of an anthropological test than a genealogical test.  FTDNA offers the following mtDNA tests:  HVR1, HVR1 and 2, and Full Sequence (FGS) or Mega test.

     

    Super DNA Test:  This is a combination of a male specific-chromosome 67 marker test for the direct paternal line and the Full Mitochondrial Sequence (FMS) test for the direct maternal line.  Results identify the ethnic and geographic origin of the maternal and paternal lines of the individual being tested.

     

    Family Finder Test:  This is a test of autosomal DNA which is found in both men and women.  It is designed to trace most of your ancestral lines and it can identify relationships up to five generations back from you with confidence.

     

    Family Finder Conversion is the conversion of the original Family Finder test to a new platform called the Illumina Omni platform.  The new microarray chip tests about 710,000 unique autosomal DNA SNPs.  FTDNA is changing to the new platform because it offers better potential for future upgrade options.

     

    Backbone Test:  When you take any of the yDNA or mtDNA tests at FTDNA, your results include a free haplogroup determination.  Haplogroup is similar to nationality and reflects your very deep, ancient ancestry.  If your yDNA test is inconclusive, FTDNA will perform a free Backbone SNP test to determine your basic haplogroup designation.

     

    Deep Clade Test:  Once you know your Y chromosome male haplogroup, you may then focus on your branch of the phylogenetic tree through subclade testing, also known as Deep Clade testing.  FTDNA currently offers Deep Clade tests for Haplogroups E, G, H, I, J, N, O,  and R.

     

    SNP Test:  You may also focus on your branch of the phylogenetic tree through testing for specific Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) which help determine your specific subclade.  The L257 SNP test is one example.

     

    Kittler Test:  This is an advanced test of one double marker called DYS385a/b.  By convention, the lowest value is always listed first and the highest value second.  This test will allow you to see the actual order of DYS385a/b.  For example, DYS385a/b is usually 14-11 in Haplogroup R1b and is usually 11-14 in Haplogroup R1a.

     

    DYF371X Test:  This is an advanced test that determines why certain individuals have a null value for DYS425, which is a fairly rare event.

     

    DYS464X Test:  This is an advanced test of DYS464, a fast-moving multi-copy DNA marker.  It could be called a “quazi-SNP” test and it has value for exploring both genealogy and anthropology.

     

    Factoids:  This is a lighthearted “cocktail party” test of predisposition to certain physical traits or conditions.  The list of factoids available to be tested include the following: alcohol flush reaction, avoidance of errors, back pain, bitter taste perception, caffeine metabolism, earwax type, freckling, longevity, male pattern baldness, muscle performance and nicotine dependence.

     

     

  • Who are the Picts?

    A recently discovered DNA marker suggests that 10% of Scottish men are directly descended from the Picts.  Click here to read more in Scotland in my Heart.

  • Ungrateful Phillips

    The following item was submitted by member Wayne Phillips:

    Description: Kills Man Who Saved His Life. PHILLIPS, ZURELBRY
    Date: September 20, 1913

    Newspaper published in: Abbeville, LA

    Taylorsport, Ky., - Lewis PHILLIPS fell into the Ohio river. He was unable to swim. William ZURELBRY, at the risk of his own life, plunged into the water and rescued PHILLIPS. Two hours later PHILLIPS appeared at ZURELBRY's home, armed with a shotgun. "Are you the man who saved my life?" he demanded. "Yes," replied his rescuer. PHILLIPS lifted the shotgun to his shoulder and without a word shot ZURELBRY dead.
     
    Click here to read the story in The New York Times.
  • Ancient DNA sheds light on Irish origins

    Scientists have sequenced the first ancient human genomes from Ireland, shedding light on the genesis of Celtic populations.  Click here to read more in Eurekalert and here to read more in BBC News.  Our thanks to members John and Doyle Phillips for sending these tips.

  • History of Surnames

    Here is a link to an interesting video on Youtube about the history of surnames.  Our thanks to member Doyle Phillips for supplying this link. 

  • Richard III DNA tests uncover further royal scandal

    The latest Y-DNA tests reveal another break in the male line, potentially undermining the legitimacy of the entire House of Plantagenet.  Click here to read more in The Guardian.

  • Your hair mites reflect your ancestry

    Most people would probably prefer to forget that their eyebrows are also shaggy ecosystems, home to scores of microscopic hair mites.  But a DNA analysis reveals that your mites are incredibly loyal to you - and that could help scientists trace ancient human migrations.  Click here to read the whole story in Smithsonian.com.

  • Ancestry to retire Family Tree Maker software

    Ancestry.com has decided to stop selling Family Tree Maker as of December 31, 2015.  Here is a link to their announcement.

  • DNA tests in progress at FTDNA

    Member Tests in Progress at FTDNA as of 12/05/2015

     

    Due Date, Batch #, Kit #, Type of Test

     

    12/23/2015, 647, 151873, Various SNPs

    01/06/2016, 649, 16800, Big Y

    01/13/2016, 650, 73458, Big Y and Y-DNA 111

    01/20/2016, 649, N73727, Y-DNA 111

    01/20/2016, 651, 208358, Y-DNA 111

    01/20/2016, 651, 241057, Z8 SNP Pack and Y-DNA 111

    01/20/2016, 651, 369346, Various SNPs

    01/27/2016, 650, 447611, Y-DNA 37

    02/10/2016, 652, 444029, Y-DNA 37

    02/10/2016, 652, 451062, Y-DNA 37

     

    EXPLANATION OF TESTS:

     

    Y-DNA Test:  This is a test of a man’s Y chromosome and it is a male specific test.  Women do not have a Y chromosome.  The Y chromosome is handed down from father to son over the generations, so results of this test are used to confirm or disprove a genealogical connection on the direct paternal line.  There are five different levels of yDNA tests offered by FTDNA:  12 markers, 24 markers, 37 markers, 67 markers and 111 markers.

     

    Big Y Test:  This is another direct paternal lineage Y chromosome test designed to explore ancient, deep ancestral links on the universal paternal tree.  It is intended for expert users with an interest in advancing science, not personal genealogy.  This is an anthropological test, not a genealogical test.

     

    MT-DNA Test:  This is a test of mitochondrial DNA which is found in both men and women.  It traces the direct maternal line without influence from other lines.  Because mtDNA mutates very slowly, this test is more of an anthropological test than a genealogical test.  FTDNA offers the following mtDNA tests:  HVR1, HVR1 and 2, and Full Sequence (FGS) or Mega test.

     

    Super DNA Test:  This is a combination of a male specific-chromosome 67 marker test for the direct paternal line and the Full Mitochondrial Sequence (FMS) test for the direct maternal line.  Results identify the ethnic and geographic origin of the maternal and paternal lines of the individual being tested.

     

    Family Finder Test:  This is a test of autosomal DNA which is found in both men and women.  It is designed to trace most of your ancestral lines and it can identify relationships up to five generations back from you with confidence.

     

    Family Finder Conversion is the conversion of the original Family Finder test to a new platform called the Illumina Omni platform.  The new microarray chip tests about 710,000 unique autosomal DNA SNPs.  FTDNA is changing to the new platform because it offers better potential for future upgrade options.

     

    Backbone Test:  When you take any of the yDNA or mtDNA tests at FTDNA, your results include a free haplogroup determination.  Haplogroup is similar to nationality and reflects your very deep, ancient ancestry.  If your yDNA test is inconclusive, FTDNA will perform a free Backbone SNP test to determine your basic haplogroup designation.

     

    Deep Clade Test:  Once you know your Y chromosome male haplogroup, you may then focus on your branch of the phylogenetic tree through subclade testing, also known as Deep Clade testing.  FTDNA currently offers Deep Clade tests for Haplogroups E, G, H, I, J, N, O,  and R.

     

    SNP Test:  You may also focus on your branch of the phylogenetic tree through testing for specific Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) which help determine your specific subclade.  The L257 SNP test is one example.

     

    Kittler Test:  This is an advanced test of one double marker called DYS385a/b.  By convention, the lowest value is always listed first and the highest value second.  This test will allow you to see the actual order of DYS385a/b.  For example, DYS385a/b is usually 14-11 in Haplogroup R1b and is usually 11-14 in Haplogroup R1a.

     

    DYF371X Test:  This is an advanced test that determines why certain individuals have a null value for DYS425, which is a fairly rare event.

     

    DYS464X Test:  This is an advanced test of DYS464, a fast-moving multi-copy DNA marker.  It could be called a “quazi-SNP” test and it has value for exploring both genealogy and anthropology.

     

    Factoids:  This is a lighthearted “cocktail party” test of predisposition to certain physical traits or conditions.  The list of factoids available to be tested include the following: alcohol flush reaction, avoidance of errors, back pain, bitter taste perception, caffeine metabolism, earwax type, freckling, longevity, male pattern baldness, muscle performance and nicotine dependence.

     

     

  • Why so many Americans think they're part Cherokee

    Today more Americans claim descent from at least one Cherokee ancestor than any other Native American group. Across the United States, Americans tell and retell stories of long-lost Cherokee ancestors.  Read more at http://www.businessinsider.com/why-so-many-americans-think-theyre-part-cherokee-2015-10

  • FTDNA's 2015 Holiday Sale

    Family Tree DNA has announced the launch of their 2015 Holiday Sale!  It will end on December 31st at 11:59 PM Central Time.  Here are the sale prices on various Y-DNA tests:

    Y-DNA 37 marker test for $139

    Y-DNA 67 marker test for $228

    Y-DNA 111 marker test for $309

    Click here to order a test through our Phillips DNA Project to make certain your results are added to our project.

  • Nancy Hanks Lincoln mtDNA Study

    A new study of the matrilineal kin of Abraham Lincoln's mother Nancy Hanks has demonstrated that Lincoln's mitochondrial DNA belonged to a very rare haplogroup X1c, and has provided evidence of the maternal ancestry of Nancy Hanks Lincoln.  Click here to read more about the results of the study.

  • Gates hoping to inspire love of STEM through Genealogy

    Harvard professor Henry Louis Gates Jr. hopes to trigger a love for science, technology and math among American students by turning them on to searching for their family roots.

    "We're going to teach them about Y-DNA if you're a man, how you get that from your father who got that marker from his father and his father," said Gates, referring to the Y chromosome. Students also will learn about mitochondrial DNA, "which you get from your mother and her mother and her mother, whether you're a man or a woman."

    Click here to read the entire story in ABC News.

  • Russia to exhume Alexander III

    Russian investigators said Monday that they will exhume the remains of Russian Tsar Alexander III to confirm the identity of two of his grandchildren, who were executed alongside their father, Tsar Nicholas II, by the Bolsheviks in 1918.  Click here to read the entire story in The Moscow Times.

  • DNA tests could settle title feud

    DNA evidence could be used for the first time to resolve a feud over a hereditary title after Queen Elizabeth intervenes.  Click here to read the entire story in the Telegraph.

  • Member DNA tests in progress at FTDNA

    Member Tests in Progress at FTDNA as of 10/10/2015

     

    Due Date, Batch #, Kit #, Type of Test

     

    11/11/2015, 635, 389248, Y-DNA 37

    11/25/2015, 639, 438740, Y-DNA 37

    12/02/2015, 641, 433559, Y-DNA 37

    12/09/2015, 642, 402256, Y-DNA 67

    12/23/2015, 643, 420316, Y-DNA 37

     

     

    EXPLANATION OF TESTS:

     

    Y-DNA Test:  This is a test of a man’s Y chromosome and it is a male specific test.  Women do not have a Y chromosome.  The Y chromosome is handed down from father to son over the generations, so results of this test are used to confirm or disprove a genealogical connection on the direct paternal line.  There are five different levels of yDNA tests offered by FTDNA:  12 markers, 24 markers, 37 markers, 67 markers and 111 markers.

     

    Big Y Test:  This is another direct paternal lineage Y chromosome test designed to explore ancient, deep ancestral links on the universal paternal tree.  It is intended for expert users with an interest in advancing science, not personal genealogy.  This is an anthropological test, not a genealogical test.

     

    MT-DNA Test:  This is a test of mitochondrial DNA which is found in both men and women.  It traces the direct maternal line without influence from other lines.  Because mtDNA mutates very slowly, this test is more of an anthropological test than a genealogical test.  FTDNA offers the following mtDNA tests:  HVR1, HVR1 and 2, and Full Sequence (FGS) or Mega test.

     

    Super DNA Test:  This is a combination of a male specific-chromosome 67 marker test for the direct paternal line and the Full Mitochondrial Sequence (FMS) test for the direct maternal line.  Results identify the ethnic and geographic origin of the maternal and paternal lines of the individual being tested.

     

    Family Finder Test:  This is a test of autosomal DNA which is found in both men and women.  It is designed to trace most of your ancestral lines and it can identify relationships up to five generations back from you with confidence.

     

    Family Finder Conversion is the conversion of the original Family Finder test to a new platform called the Illumina Omni platform.  The new microarray chip tests about 710,000 unique autosomal DNA SNPs.  FTDNA is changing to the new platform because it offers better potential for future upgrade options.

     

    Backbone Test:  When you take any of the yDNA or mtDNA tests at FTDNA, your results include a free haplogroup determination.  Haplogroup is similar to nationality and reflects your very deep, ancient ancestry.  If your yDNA test is inconclusive, FTDNA will perform a free Backbone SNP test to determine your basic haplogroup designation.

     

    Deep Clade Test:  Once you know your Y chromosome male haplogroup, you may then focus on your branch of the phylogenetic tree through subclade testing, also known as Deep Clade testing.  FTDNA currently offers Deep Clade tests for Haplogroups E, G, H, I, J, N, O,  and R.

     

    SNP Test:  You may also focus on your branch of the phylogenetic tree through testing for specific Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) which help determine your specific subclade.  The L257 SNP test is one example.

     

    Kittler Test:  This is an advanced test of one double marker called DYS385a/b.  By convention, the lowest value is always listed first and the highest value second.  This test will allow you to see the actual order of DYS385a/b.  For example, DYS385a/b is usually 14-11 in Haplogroup R1b and is usually 11-14 in Haplogroup R1a.

     

    DYF371X Test:  This is an advanced test that determines why certain individuals have a null value for DYS425, which is a fairly rare event.

     

    DYS464X Test:  This is an advanced test of DYS464, a fast-moving multi-copy DNA marker.  It could be called a “quazi-SNP” test and it has value for exploring both genealogy and anthropology.

     

    Factoids:  This is a lighthearted “cocktail party” test of predisposition to certain physical traits or conditions.  The list of factoids available to be tested include the following: alcohol flush reaction, avoidance of errors, back pain, bitter taste perception, caffeine metabolism, earwax type, freckling, longevity, male pattern baldness, muscle performance and nicotine dependence.

     

     

  • Skeletons found in Edinburgh car park could be noble family from the Dark Ages

    Using forensic, isotopic and DNA techniques, scientists found the burials belonged to more than one generation of a single family, with two of the bodies thought to be warriors due to their multiple healed wounds.  Click here to read the entire story in the Independent.

  • Archaeologists say they have found the bones of Mona Lisa but cannot extract DNA

    A team of researchers have been working since 2011 to determine through genealogy, carbon dating and genetics, if the model of Mona Lisa was Lisa Gherardini, known today as ‘La Gioconda’, a silk merchant’s wife in Florence who lived across the street from da Vinci in the early 1500s. It is believed her husband commissioned da Vinci to paint her portrait in 1503.  Click here to read the entire story in Ancient Origins.

  • Free weekend of access to FindMyPast

    FindMyPast has announced that its entire collection of records from Ireland, UK, USA, and Australia/New Zealand will be opened up to all comers for free this weekend, September 18-21.  Click here to read more and start searching.

  • Researchers unravel the mysteries of the Basque People

    With their distinct genetic make-up and ancient language, the origin of people from the Basque Country in northern Spain and southern France has long been an enigma. Previously thought to be a population of unmixed hunter-gatherers that survived the influx of farmers from the Middle East around 6,000 years ago, new genetic evidence suggests that things aren’t quite so clear-cut.  Click here to read the whole story in IFL Science!

  • Genetic Genealogy Ireland: The "first look" DNA Lecture Schedule

    Thinking about attending Genetic Genealogy Ireland 2015 in Dublin?  Click here to read more about it and make your plans for October 9-11.

  • Muddied Racial Histories of American Presidents

    DNA giveth, and DNA taketh away.  Warren G. Harding was charged during his 1920 Presidential campaign with having an African-American ancestor.   The same genetic test that recently proved he was the father of an illegitimate daughter also proved he had no ancestors from sub-Saharan Africa.  Read more at this link

  • Member DNA tests in progress at FTDNA

    Member Tests in Progress at FTDNA as of 08/21/2015

     

    Due Date, Batch #, Kit #, Type of Test

     

    09/09/2015, 634, 86314, Family Finder and Backbone SNP Pack

    09/09/2015, 634, 376378, Family Finder

    09/16/2015, 631, 405908, Family Finder

    09/16/2015, 626, 414718, Y-DNA 37

    09/16/2015, 625, 420316, Y-DNA 12

    09/23/2015, 636, 407964, Family Finder and Backbone SNP Pack

    09/23/2015, 619, 257305, Y-DNA 37

    09/30/2015, 634, 130263, PF4837

    10/07/2015, 633, 195627, mtDNA Plus

    10/07/2015, 631, 241057, Y-DNA 67

    10/21/2015, 633, 389237, Y-DNA 37

    11/11/2015, 635, 206342, Y-DNA 111

    11/11/2015, 635, 389248, Y-DNA 37

     

    EXPLANATION OF TESTS:

     

    Y-DNA Test:  This is a test of a man’s Y chromosome and it is a male specific test.  Women do not have a Y chromosome.  The Y chromosome is handed down from father to son over the generations, so results of this test are used to confirm or disprove a genealogical connection on the direct paternal line.  There are five different levels of yDNA tests offered by FTDNA:  12 markers, 24 markers, 37 markers, 67 markers and 111 markers.

     

    Big Y Test:  This is another direct paternal lineage Y chromosome test designed to explore ancient, deep ancestral links on the universal paternal tree.  It is intended for expert users with an interest in advancing science, not personal genealogy.  This is an anthropological test, not a genealogical test.

     

    MT-DNA Test:  This is a test of mitochondrial DNA which is found in both men and women.  It traces the direct maternal line without influence from other lines.  Because mtDNA mutates very slowly, this test is more of an anthropological test than a genealogical test.  FTDNA offers the following mtDNA tests:  HVR1, HVR1 and 2, and Full Sequence (FGS) or Mega test.

     

    Super DNA Test:  This is a combination of a male specific-chromosome 67 marker test for the direct paternal line and the Full Mitochondrial Sequence (FMS) test for the direct maternal line.  Results identify the ethnic and geographic origin of the maternal and paternal lines of the individual being tested.

     

    Family Finder Test:  This is a test of autosomal DNA which is found in both men and women.  It is designed to trace most of your ancestral lines and it can identify relationships up to five generations back from you with confidence.

     

    Family Finder Conversion is the conversion of the original Family Finder test to a new platform called the Illumina Omni platform.  The new microarray chip tests about 710,000 unique autosomal DNA SNPs.  FTDNA is changing to the new platform because it offers better potential for future upgrade options.

     

    Backbone Test:  When you take any of the yDNA or mtDNA tests at FTDNA, your results include a free haplogroup determination.  Haplogroup is similar to nationality and reflects your very deep, ancient ancestry.  If your yDNA test is inconclusive, FTDNA will perform a free Backbone SNP test to determine your basic haplogroup designation.

     

    Deep Clade Test:  Once you know your Y chromosome male haplogroup, you may then focus on your branch of the phylogenetic tree through subclade testing, also known as Deep Clade testing.  FTDNA currently offers Deep Clade tests for Haplogroups E, G, H, I, J, N, O,  and R.

     

    SNP Test:  You may also focus on your branch of the phylogenetic tree through testing for specific Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) which help determine your specific subclade.  The L257 SNP test is one example.

     

    Kittler Test:  This is an advanced test of one double marker called DYS385a/b.  By convention, the lowest value is always listed first and the highest value second.  This test will allow you to see the actual order of DYS385a/b.  For example, DYS385a/b is usually 14-11 in Haplogroup R1b and is usually 11-14 in Haplogroup R1a.

     

    DYF371X Test:  This is an advanced test that determines why certain individuals have a null value for DYS425, which is a fairly rare event.

     

    DYS464X Test:  This is an advanced test of DYS464, a fast-moving multi-copy DNA marker.  It could be called a “quazi-SNP” test and it has value for exploring both genealogy and anthropology.

     

    Factoids:  This is a lighthearted “cocktail party” test of predisposition to certain physical traits or conditions.  The list of factoids available to be tested include the following: alcohol flush reaction, avoidance of errors, back pain, bitter taste perception, caffeine metabolism, earwax type, freckling, longevity, male pattern baldness, muscle performance and nicotine dependence.

     

     

  • Harding's Love Child Confirmed Through DNA Testing

    After nearly 100 years of rumors and historical speculation, DNA testing has confirmed that President Warren Harding had a child out of wedlock - his only biological child - with mistress Nan Britton.  Click here to read the entire story in ABC News.

  • First Peoples

    In case you missed it, the episode of First Peoples on PBS that included work done at Family Tree DNA is now viewable online at this link.

  • Remains of English Jamestown colony leaders discovered

    There is still more research to be done.  Genetic analysis may even help trace living descendants of the men.  Click here to read more at BBC.com.

  • First Migrants to Americas a Complex Mix

    The first people to set foot in the Americas apparently came from Siberia during the last ice age.

    That's the conventional wisdom.

    But now there's evidence from two different studies published this week that the first Americans may have migrated from different places at different times — and earlier than people thought.

    Click here to read the whole story in Health News.

  • WDYTYA American style is back

    The new season premieres July 26th at 9/8c.  Watch a clip at this link.

  • Tests in progress at Family Tree DNA

    Member Tests in Progress at FTDNA as of 07/04/2015

     

    Due Date, Batch #, Kit #, Type of Test

     

    01/15/2015, 597, 361064, Backbone

    04/22/2015, 611, 376378, Backbone

    07/22/2015, 627, 408490, Family Finder

    07/22/2015, 627, 130263, Family Finder

    07/29/2015, 628, 347740, Family Finder

    07/29/2015, 620, 389206, Y-DNA 37

    08/05/2015, 626, B10256, mtFull Sequence

    08/12/2015, 625, 130263, Big Y

    08/12/2015, 622, 389212, Y-DNA 37

    08/12/2015, 622, B53939, Y-DNA 111

    08/19/2015, 626, 414718, mtFull Sequence and Y-DNA 37

    08/19/2015, 625, 420316, Y-DNA 12

    08/26/2015, 627, 130263, Y-DNA 111

    08/26/2015, 627, 201688, Big Y

    08/26/2015, 629, 389225, Y-DNA 37

     

    EXPLANATION OF TESTS:

     

    Y-DNA Test:  This is a test of a man’s Y chromosome and it is a male specific test.  Women do not have a Y chromosome.  The Y chromosome is handed down from father to son over the generations, so results of this test are used to confirm or disprove a genealogical connection on the direct paternal line.  There are five different levels of yDNA tests offered by FTDNA:  12 markers, 24 markers, 37 markers, 67 markers and 111 markers.

     

    Big Y Test:  This is another direct paternal lineage Y chromosome test designed to explore ancient, deep ancestral links on the universal paternal tree.  It is intended for expert users with an interest in advancing science, not personal genealogy.  This is an anthropological test, not a genealogical test.

     

    MT-DNA Test:  This is a test of mitochondrial DNA which is found in both men and women.  It traces the direct maternal line without influence from other lines.  Because mtDNA mutates very slowly, this test is more of an anthropological test than a genealogical test.  FTDNA offers the following mtDNA tests:  HVR1, HVR1 and 2, and Full Sequence (FGS) or Mega test.

     

    Super DNA Test:  This is a combination of a male specific-chromosome 67 marker test for the direct paternal line and the Full Mitochondrial Sequence (FMS) test for the direct maternal line.  Results identify the ethnic and geographic origin of the maternal and paternal lines of the individual being tested.

     

    Family Finder Test:  This is a test of autosomal DNA which is found in both men and women.  It is designed to trace most of your ancestral lines and it can identify relationships up to five generations back from you with confidence.

     

    Family Finder Conversion is the conversion of the original Family Finder test to a new platform called the Illumina Omni platform.  The new microarray chip tests about 710,000 unique autosomal DNA SNPs.  FTDNA is changing to the new platform because it offers better potential for future upgrade options.

     

    Backbone Test:  When you take any of the yDNA or mtDNA tests at FTDNA, your results include a free haplogroup determination.  Haplogroup is similar to nationality and reflects your very deep, ancient ancestry.  If your yDNA test is inconclusive, FTDNA will perform a free Backbone SNP test to determine your basic haplogroup designation.

     

    Deep Clade Test:  Once you know your Y chromosome male haplogroup, you may then focus on your branch of the phylogenetic tree through subclade testing, also known as Deep Clade testing.  FTDNA currently offers Deep Clade tests for Haplogroups E, G, H, I, J, N, O,  and R.

     

    SNP Test:  You may also focus on your branch of the phylogenetic tree through testing for specific Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) which help determine your specific subclade.  The L257 SNP test is one example.

     

    Kittler Test:  This is an advanced test of one double marker called DYS385a/b.  By convention, the lowest value is always listed first and the highest value second.  This test will allow you to see the actual order of DYS385a/b.  For example, DYS385a/b is usually 14-11 in Haplogroup R1b and is usually 11-14 in Haplogroup R1a.

     

    DYF371X Test:  This is an advanced test that determines why certain individuals have a null value for DYS425, which is a fairly rare event.

     

    DYS464X Test:  This is an advanced test of DYS464, a fast-moving multi-copy DNA marker.  It could be called a “quazi-SNP” test and it has value for exploring both genealogy and anthropology.

     

    Factoids:  This is a lighthearted “cocktail party” test of predisposition to certain physical traits or conditions.  The list of factoids available to be tested include the following: alcohol flush reaction, avoidance of errors, back pain, bitter taste perception, caffeine metabolism, earwax type, freckling, longevity, male pattern baldness, muscle performance and nicotine dependence.

     

     

  • So you're related to Charlemagne?

    But we are all special, which means none of us are. If you’re vaguely of European extraction, you are also the fruits of Charlemagne’s prodigious loins. A fecund ruler, he sired at least 18 children by motley wives and concubines, including Charles the Younger, Pippin the Hunchback, Drogo of Metz, Hruodrud, Ruodhaid, and not forgetting Hugh.  Click here to read more in The Guardian.

  • Kennewick Man's origins revealed by genetic study

    Advances in DNA sequencing technology have given us important new tools for studying the great human diasporas and the history of indigenous populations. Now we are seeing its adoption in new areas, including forensics and archeology. The case of Kennewick Man is particularly interesting given the debates surrounding the origins of Native American populations.  Click here to read more at Stanford Medicine.

  • Out of Africa via Egypt

    New DNA research suggests that European and Asian (Eurasian) peoples originated when early Africans moved north - through the region that is now Egypt - to expand into the rest of the world. The findings, published in the American Journal of Human Genetics, answer a long-standing question as to whether early humans emerged from Africa by a route via Egypt, or via Ethiopia.  Click here to read the entire story in Archaeology News Report and thanks to member Doyle Phillips for the tip.

  • Interview of FTDNA founder Bennett Greenspan

    Russ Capper interviews Bennett Greenspan about founding and running "Family Tree DNA", the first company in the world established to commercially test DNA to determine your Genealogy. The MIT Enterprise Forum of Texas/BioHouston program was held at the BioScience Research Collaborative in Houston Texas on April 28, 2015.  Click here to listen to the interview.

  • DNA lab to help ID Pearl Harbor remains

    A gram of bone. If well-preserved and accompanied by the right genetic reference samples, it's enough to put a name and a face on an unknown soul thought lost to the ages.

    In the coming months and years, experts in Dover and Hawaii will analyze nearly 400 such fragments, and the remains from which they're taken, as they launch a project with particular resonance this Memorial Day: identifying the sailors and Marines killed on Dec. 7, 1941, when Japanese attackers sank the USS Oklahoma. For the past 65 years, those remains have been buried as unknowns in graves at the National Memorial Cemetery of the Pacific in Honolulu.

    Click here to continue reading this article at Delaware Online.

  • SMGF DNA Database has been shut down

    The Sorenson Molecular Genealogy Foundation (SMGF) was an early collector of DNA information to be used for genealogy purposes. It was founded by inventor and philanthropist James LeVoy Sorenson and Brigham Young University professor Dr. Scott Woodward. Mr. Sorenson envisioned the development of a genetic-genealogical blueprint of all humankind. Some years later, the database and supporting infrastructure was acquired by Ancestry.com and became the basis for what is now Ancestry DNA. It has since served the interests of thousands of genealogists as well as several other communities.  Sadly, Ancestry has now announced the closure of this valuable service.  Click here to read more in Eastman's Online Genealogy Newsletter.

  • Member tests in progress at FTDNA

    Member Tests in Progress at FTDNA as of 05/15/2015

     

    Due Date, Batch #, Kit #, Type of Test

     

    01/15/2015, 597, 361064, Backbone

    04/22/2015, 611, 376378, Backbone

    05/27/2015, 610, 348812, Y-DNA 67

    05/27/2015, 607, 9955, Y-DNA 111

    05/27/2015, 605, 393670, mtFull Sequence

    06/03/2015, 612, 156888, Y-DNA 111

    06/03/2015, 612, 397264, Y-DNA 37

    06/03/2015, 619, 412290, Y-DNA 37

    06/17/2015, 619, 231809, CTS11451

    06/24/2015, 620, 151873, Z306 and Z307

    06/24/2015, 615, 195017, Y-DNA 67 and mtFull Sequence

    06/24/2015, 620, 369115, Y-DNA 37

    06/24/2015, 620, 389206, Y-DNA 37

    07/01/2015, 621, 369346, U152 and DF99

    07/01/2015, 617, 408490, mtFull Sequence

    07/01/2015, 617, 408565, Y-DNA 67

    07/01/2015, 616, 408912, Y-DNA 25

    07/01/2015, 616, N9106, Y-DNA 37

    07/08/2015, 618, N139941, Y-DNA67

    07/08/2015, 620, 226507, Big Y

    07/08/2015, 622, 389212, Y-DNA 37

    07/08/2015, 622, B53939, Y-DNA 111

     

    EXPLANATION OF TESTS:

     

    Y-DNA Test:  This is a test of a man’s Y chromosome and it is a male specific test.  Women do not have a Y chromosome.  The Y chromosome is handed down from father to son over the generations, so results of this test are used to confirm or disprove a genealogical connection on the direct paternal line.  There are five different levels of yDNA tests offered by FTDNA:  12 markers, 24 markers, 37 markers, 67 markers and 111 markers.

     

    Big Y Test:  This is another direct paternal lineage Y chromosome test designed to explore ancient, deep ancestral links on the universal paternal tree.  It is intended for expert users with an interest in advancing science, not personal genealogy.  This is an anthropological test, not a genealogical test.

     

    MT-DNA Test:  This is a test of mitochondrial DNA which is found in both men and women.  It traces the direct maternal line without influence from other lines.  Because mtDNA mutates very slowly, this test is more of an anthropological test than a genealogical test.  FTDNA offers the following mtDNA tests:  HVR1, HVR1 and 2, and Full Sequence (FGS) or Mega test.

     

    Super DNA Test:  This is a combination of a male specific-chromosome 67 marker test for the direct paternal line and the Full Mitochondrial Sequence (FMS) test for the direct maternal line.  Results identify the ethnic and geographic origin of the maternal and paternal lines of the individual being tested.

     

    Family Finder Test:  This is a test of autosomal DNA which is found in both men and women.  It is designed to trace most of your ancestral lines and it can identify relationships up to five generations back from you with confidence.

     

    Family Finder Conversion is the conversion of the original Family Finder test to a new platform called the Illumina Omni platform.  The new microarray chip tests about 710,000 unique autosomal DNA SNPs.  FTDNA is changing to the new platform because it offers better potential for future upgrade options.

     

    Backbone Test:  When you take any of the yDNA or mtDNA tests at FTDNA, your results include a free haplogroup determination.  Haplogroup is similar to nationality and reflects your very deep, ancient ancestry.  If your yDNA test is inconclusive, FTDNA will perform a free Backbone SNP test to determine your basic haplogroup designation.

     

    Deep Clade Test:  Once you know your Y chromosome male haplogroup, you may then focus on your branch of the phylogenetic tree through subclade testing, also known as Deep Clade testing.  FTDNA currently offers Deep Clade tests for Haplogroups E, G, H, I, J, N, O,  and R.

     

    SNP Test:  You may also focus on your branch of the phylogenetic tree through testing for specific Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) which help determine your specific subclade.  The L257 SNP test is one example.

     

    Kittler Test:  This is an advanced test of one double marker called DYS385a/b.  By convention, the lowest value is always listed first and the highest value second.  This test will allow you to see the actual order of DYS385a/b.  For example, DYS385a/b is usually 14-11 in Haplogroup R1b and is usually 11-14 in Haplogroup R1a.

     

    DYF371X Test:  This is an advanced test that determines why certain individuals have a null value for DYS425, which is a fairly rare event.

     

    DYS464X Test:  This is an advanced test of DYS464, a fast-moving multi-copy DNA marker.  It could be called a “quazi-SNP” test and it has value for exploring both genealogy and anthropology.

     

    Factoids:  This is a lighthearted “cocktail party” test of predisposition to certain physical traits or conditions.  The list of factoids available to be tested include the following: alcohol flush reaction, avoidance of errors, back pain, bitter taste perception, caffeine metabolism, earwax type, freckling, longevity, male pattern baldness, muscle performance and nicotine dependence.

     

     

  • Admixture: not soup yet

    "We have to keep in mind what these admixture [ethnicity] tests do: they take the DNA of living people - us, the test takers - and they compare it to the DNA of other living people - people whose parents and grandparents and, sometimes, even great grandparents all come from one geographic area.  Then they try to extrapolate backwards into time."  

    Click here to read the entire blog in The Legal Genealogist written by Judy Russell.

  • Ancient DNA tells a new Human Story


    Armed with old bones and new DNA sequencing technology, scientists are getting a much better understanding of the prehistory of the human species.  Click here to read the whole story in the Wall Street Journal.

  • Which DNA test is best for you?

    Here is a link to a lecture delivered by Maurice Gleeson at the recent WDYTYA - Live 2015 conference held last week in Birmingham, England.

  • Common errors in "Proving" an ancestor using autosomal DNA

    Although this Phillips DNA Project is a Y-DNA project, many of the members of this project have also gotten their autosomal DNA tested.  Here is a link to a blog that explains why it is so difficult to use autosomal DNA to prove a common ancestor.

  • The Genographic Project Turns Ten

    Ten years ago, a group of international scientists and indigenous community members gathered at National Geographic Society's headquarters in Washington, D.C. to kick off the Genographic Project.  The plan: to use DNA analyses to answer fundamental scientific questions, such as where we originated from, and how we came to populate the earth.  Click here to read the whole story at National Geographic.

  • Your Family: Past, Present, and Future

    "I don’t know you, but I can almost guarantee that you don’t ask your grandparents (or older parents) enough questions about their lives and the lives of their parents. We’re all incredibly self-absorbed, and in being so, we forget to care about the contextof the lives we’re so immersed in. We can use google to learn anything we want about world history and our country’s history, but our own personal history—which we really shouldknow quite well—can only be accessed by asking questions."

    Click here to continue reading this clever, interesting post at Wait But Why about family history and genealogy.

  • Member tests in progress at FTDNA

    DNA Tests in Progress at FTDNA as of 03/31/2015

     

    Due Date, Batch #, Kit #, Type of Test

     

    04/01/2015, 604, 311661, Y-DNA 111

    04/08/2015, 603, 112572, FGS and Y-DNA 111

    04/08/2015, 605, 29533, Mt-DNA Plus

    04/15/2015, 613, 361064, Backbone and Family Finder

    04/15/2015, 610, 202983, S9294, Z251

    04/22/2015, 611, 376378, Backbone

    04/22/2015, 614, 205815, Family Finder

    04/22/2015, 614, N63710, Family Finder

    04/29/2015, 615, 237386, Family Finder

    05/06/2015, 607, 9955, Y-DNA 111

    05/06/2015, 613, 403085, Y-DNA 111

    05/13/2015, 610, 369346, Y-DNA 67

    05/13/2015, 614, 109492, BY477

    05/13/2015, 608, 397479, Y-DNA 37

    05/20/2015, 609, 336546, Y-DNA 37

    05/20/2015, 615, 181584, Y-DNA 111

    05/20/2015, 615, 195017, Y-DNA 67

    05/20/2015, 609, 390488, Y-DNA 37

    05/20/2015, 615, 407362, Y-DNA 37

    05/27/2015, 610, 151873, Y-DNA 111

    05/27/2015, 610, 348812, Y-DNA 67

    05/27/2015, 610, 384377, Y-DNA 37

    06/03/2015, 612, 156888, Y-DNA 111

    06/03/2015, 612, 397264, Y-DNA 37

    06/03/2015, 612, 400311, Y-DNA 37

    06/03/2015, 612, 403373, Y-DNA 12 and Family Finder

    06/03/2015, 615, N62146, Big Y

     

    EXPLANATION OF TESTS:

     

    Y-DNA Test:  This is a test of a man’s Y chromosome and it is a male specific test.  Women do not have a Y chromosome.  The Y chromosome is handed down from father to son over the generations, so results of this test are used to confirm or disprove a genealogical connection on the direct paternal line.  There are five different levels of yDNA tests offered by FTDNA:  12 markers, 24 markers, 37 markers, 67 markers and 111 markers.

     

    Big Y Test:  This is another direct paternal lineage Y chromosome test designed to explore ancient, deep ancestral links on the universal paternal tree.  It is intended for expert users with an interest in advancing science, not personal genealogy.  This is an anthropological test, not a genealogical test.

     

    MT-DNA Test:  This is a test of mitochondrial DNA which is found in both men and women.  It traces the direct maternal line without influence from other lines.  Because mtDNA mutates very slowly, this test is more of an anthropological test than a genealogical test.  FTDNA offers the following mtDNA tests:  HVR1, HVR1 and 2, and Full Sequence (FGS) or Mega test.

     

    Super DNA Test:  This is a combination of a male specific-chromosome 67 marker test for the direct paternal line and the Full Mitochondrial Sequence (FMS) test for the direct maternal line.  Results identify the ethnic and geographic origin of the maternal and paternal lines of the individual being tested.

     

    Family Finder Test:  This is a test of autosomal DNA which is found in both men and women.  It is designed to trace most of your ancestral lines and it can identify relationships up to five generations back from you with confidence.

     

    Family Finder Conversion is the conversion of the original Family Finder test to a new platform called the Illumina Omni platform.  The new microarray chip tests about 710,000 unique autosomal DNA SNPs.  FTDNA is changing to the new platform because it offers better potential for future upgrade options.

     

    Backbone Test:  When you take any of the yDNA or mtDNA tests at FTDNA, your results include a free haplogroup determination.  Haplogroup is similar to nationality and reflects your very deep, ancient ancestry.  If your yDNA test is inconclusive, FTDNA will perform a free Backbone SNP test to determine your basic haplogroup designation.

     

    Deep Clade Test:  Once you know your Y chromosome male haplogroup, you may then focus on your branch of the phylogenetic tree through subclade testing, also known as Deep Clade testing.  FTDNA currently offers Deep Clade tests for Haplogroups E, G, H, I, J, N, O,  and R.

     

    SNP Test:  You may also focus on your branch of the phylogenetic tree through testing for specific Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) which help determine your specific subclade.  The L257 SNP test is one example.

     

    Kittler Test:  This is an advanced test of one double marker called DYS385a/b.  By convention, the lowest value is always listed first and the highest value second.  This test will allow you to see the actual order of DYS385a/b.  For example, DYS385a/b is usually 14-11 in Haplogroup R1b and is usually 11-14 in Haplogroup R1a.

     

    DYF371X Test:  This is an advanced test that determines why certain individuals have a null value for DYS425, which is a fairly rare event.

     

    DYS464X Test:  This is an advanced test of DYS464, a fast-moving multi-copy DNA marker.  It could be called a “quazi-SNP” test and it has value for exploring both genealogy and anthropology.

     

    Factoids:  This is a lighthearted “cocktail party” test of predisposition to certain physical traits or conditions.  The list of factoids available to be tested include the following: alcohol flush reaction, avoidance of errors, back pain, bitter taste perception, caffeine metabolism, earwax type, freckling, longevity, male pattern baldness, muscle performance and nicotine dependence.

     

     

  • King Richard III: Battle of Bosworth descendants to meet

    Descendants of some 20 families who fought at the Battle of Bosworth, that ended the reign of Richard III, are to meet for the first time.

    Researchers who identified the king using DNA from his distant family used the same techniques to find descendants of those who fought in the battle.

    They will meet family members directly related to the last Plantagenet king at a reception in Leicester later.

    Some have flown from Australia, South Africa and Canada for the occasion.

    Richard, the last English king to die in battle, was killed at Bosworth Field in 1485, at the end of the Wars of the Roses.

    Click here to read more in BBC News and thanks to my Cousin John in Birmingham for sending me this link.

  • DNA study shows Celts are not a unique genetic group

    A DNA study of Britons has shown that genetically there is not a unique Celtic group of people in the UK.

    According to the data, those of Celtic ancestry in Scotland and Cornwall are more similar to the English than they are to other Celtic groups.

    The study also describes distinct genetic differences across the UK, which reflect regional identities.

    And it shows that the invading Anglo Saxons did not wipe out the Britons of 1,500 years ago, but mixed with them.

    Click here to read the entire article in BBC News.

  • FTDNA's new "skin"

    Recently Family Tree DNA launched a new "skin" that they are calling MyGroups.  

    Here are some of the features you will see with this upgrade:

     

    • New privacy choices given to both group members and to group administrators. These choices allow a group to be completely visible to the public, or to only allow it to be visible to members of that project who are logged in to their accounts. Individuals can also control who sees their information by choosing settings in myFTDNA’s Privacy and Sharing page.

     

    • Activity Feed - People can share their research, assist each other, publish findings, documents and photos.

     

    • The new Coupon feature - a contribution from Family Tree DNA to bring in new members or to encourage test upgrades. These single-use coupons are now automated, and will be generated at 10 am Central Time daily.

     

    • Ease of discovery - converted Family Finder projects are now searchable, making it easier for those projects to be found by potential members.


    If you have not logged onto your personal page recently, why don't you do so and let us know how you like this new "skin".

  • Here's where "white" Americans have the highest percentage of African ancestry

    Many Americans who call themselves white might be surprised to find out that they have some African ancestry.  Especially in the South.  Click here to read the entire story at Vox.

  • Findmypast begins offering DNA tests

    On February 12th, Findmypast announced its new partnership with Family Tree DNA.  This new partnership is just the beginning of Findmypast's journey into DNA testing for their customers.  Findmypast will also be offering a special rate on FTDNA tests as part of their premium service for annual subscribers.  Click here to read more in Dick Eastman's newsletter.

  • Doctor, Have You Had Your DNA Tested?

    Twelve years ago, for the first time, scientists sequenced a person’s genome. The cost was about $1 billion. Since then, the price has plummeted, and is now around $5,000. Soon, it will be less than $1,000, making this question ever more common. Whole genome sequencing is giving us millions of times more genetic information about ourselves than did prior tests; and many patients are getting sequenced. Click here to read the entire story in the NY Times.

  • DNA tests in progress at FTDNA

    Member Tests in Progress at FTDNA as of 2/04/2015

     

    Due Date, Batch #, Kit #, Type of Test

     

    01/15/2015, 597, 361064, Backbone

    02/11/2015, 594, 369346, Mt-DNA Plus

    02/11/2015, 598, 374276, Y-DNA 37

    02/11/2015, 599, 374339, Y-DNA 37

    02/12/2015, 601, 109492, Y-DNA 67

    02/12/2015, 603, 112572, FGS and Y-DNA 111

    02/12/2015, 601, 246259, Y-DNA 67

    02/12/2015, 601, 353516, Y-DNA 67

    02/12/2015, 601, 380798, Y-DNA 37

    02/12/2015, 601, 381707, Y-DNA 37

    02/18/2015, 607, 31356, Family Finder

    02/18/2015, 605, 374489, Family Finder

    02/19/2015, 602, 109920, Big Y

    02/19/2015, 602, 383772, Y-DNA 37

    02/19/2015, 604, 311661, Y-DNA 111

    02/25/2015, 605, 29533, Mt-DNA Plus

    02/25/2015, 600, 376378, Y-DNA 37

    03/11/2015, 607, 9955, Y-DNA 111

    03/11/2015, 607, 151873, Z156, Z16 and Z381

     

     

    EXPLANATION OF TESTS:

     

    Y-DNA Test:  This is a test of a man’s Y chromosome and it is a male specific test.  Women do not have a Y chromosome.  The Y chromosome is handed down from father to son over the generations, so results of this test are used to confirm or disprove a genealogical connection on the direct paternal line.  There are five different levels of yDNA tests offered by FTDNA:  12 markers, 24 markers, 37 markers, 67 markers and 111 markers.

     

    Big Y Test:  This is another direct paternal lineage Y chromosome test designed to explore ancient, deep ancestral links on the universal paternal tree.  It is intended for expert users with an interest in advancing science, not personal genealogy.  This is an anthropological test, not a genealogical test.

     

    MT-DNA Test:  This is a test of mitochondrial DNA which is found in both men and women.  It traces the direct maternal line without influence from other lines.  Because mtDNA mutates very slowly, this test is more of an anthropological test than a genealogical test.  FTDNA offers the following mtDNA tests:  HVR1, HVR1 and 2, and Full Sequence (FGS) or Mega test.

     

    Super DNA Test:  This is a combination of a male specific-chromosome 67 marker test for the direct paternal line and the Full Mitochondrial Sequence (FMS) test for the direct maternal line.  Results identify the ethnic and geographic origin of the maternal and paternal lines of the individual being tested.

     

    Family Finder Test:  This is a test of autosomal DNA which is found in both men and women.  It is designed to trace most of your ancestral lines and it can identify relationships up to five generations back from you with confidence.

     

    Family Finder Conversion is the conversion of the original Family Finder test to a new platform called the Illumina Omni platform.  The new microarray chip tests about 710,000 unique autosomal DNA SNPs.  FTDNA is changing to the new platform because it offers better potential for future upgrade options.

     

    Backbone Test:  When you take any of the yDNA or mtDNA tests at FTDNA, your results include a free haplogroup determination.  Haplogroup is similar to nationality and reflects your very deep, ancient ancestry.  If your yDNA test is inconclusive, FTDNA will perform a free Backbone SNP test to determine your basic haplogroup designation.

     

    Deep Clade Test:  Once you know your Y chromosome male haplogroup, you may then focus on your branch of the phylogenetic tree through subclade testing, also known as Deep Clade testing.  FTDNA currently offers Deep Clade tests for Haplogroups E, G, H, I, J, N, O,  and R.

     

    SNP Test:  You may also focus on your branch of the phylogenetic tree through testing for specific Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) which help determine your specific subclade.  The L257 SNP test is one example.

     

    Kittler Test:  This is an advanced test of one double marker called DYS385a/b.  By convention, the lowest value is always listed first and the highest value second.  This test will allow you to see the actual order of DYS385a/b.  For example, DYS385a/b is usually 14-11 in Haplogroup R1b and is usually 11-14 in Haplogroup R1a.

     

    DYF371X Test:  This is an advanced test that determines why certain individuals have a null value for DYS425, which is a fairly rare event.

     

    DYS464X Test:  This is an advanced test of DYS464, a fast-moving multi-copy DNA marker.  It could be called a “quazi-SNP” test and it has value for exploring both genealogy and anthropology.

     

    Factoids:  This is a lighthearted “cocktail party” test of predisposition to certain physical traits or conditions.  The list of factoids available to be tested include the following: alcohol flush reaction, avoidance of errors, back pain, bitter taste perception, caffeine metabolism, earwax type, freckling, longevity, male pattern baldness, muscle performance and nicotine dependence.

     

     

  • Human and Neanderthal love affair is traced back to Israel, 55,000 years ago

    The first interbreeding between humans and Neanderthals may have taken place in what is now Israel. Scientists report the discovery of a 55,000-year-old modern human skull in a cave in western Galilee. Named "Manot," the skull represents the first human remains pinpointed to that time and location -- when Neanderthals are known to have been present.  Click here to read the whole story in the Washington Post.  Click here to see a map of the known range of Neanderthals plus some comparisons with humans and thanks to member Doyle Phillips for these links.

  • Realizing the Illusion: Communicating with Long Lost Relatives

    George Bernard Shaw once opined that “the single biggest problem in communication is the illusion that it has taken place.” Nothing could be more true, as genetic genealogists know all too well.

    In this brave new world, we must employ every technological advantage to network with DNA matches and uncover the details of our shared ancestry. Leave no stone unturned.

    Click here to read the entire article by Shannon Christmas.

  • Definition of generation length

    Genetic genealogists seek guidance on which generation length is the most appropriate to use with TMRCA (Time to Most Recent Common Ancestor) tables when they want to multiply the number of elapsed generations by some average generation length to derive the elapsed time.  Click here to read more in the ISOGG wiki.

  • Ancestry Y-DNA and mtDNA samples have not been destroyed

    Ancestry.com announced back in June of 2014 that they would be retiring their Y-DNA and mtDNA tests and that the company would be destroying the Y-DNA and mtDNA samples that they had in storage.  Apparently the company has changed its mind.  Click here to read more in a blog written by Debbie Kennett.

  • Who Owns What in the Genealogy World?

    The world of genealogy has seen a tremendous number of company buy-outs and partnerships over the past few years.  A woman named Alona Tester did some research and published her findings at this link.

  • DNA reveals Vikings brought their women when raiding the British Isles

    A DNA study has shed light on the importance of Viking women in the colonization of the British Isles in the Middle Ages, suggesting that Viking men were family-orientated and not as blood-thirsty as previously thought.  Click here to read more in the Daily Mail.

  • Member tests in progress at FTDNA

    Member Tests in Progress at FTDNA as of 12/24/2014

     

    Due Date, Batch #, Kit #, Type of Test

     

    12/11/2014, 594, 336507, Y-DNA 37

    12/11/2014, 594, 369346, Mt-DNA Plus and Y-DNA 37

    12/18/2014, 595, 345273, Y-DNA 37

    12/25/2014, 596, 373605, Y-DNA 37

    12/25/2015, 596, N62146, L1402

    01/01/2015, 600, 112572, Family Finder

    01/01/2015, 597, 361064, Backbone

    01/07/2015, 593, 368674, Y-DNA 37

    01/07/2015, 593, 369497, Y-DNA 37

    01/08/2015, 598, 374276, Y-DNA 37

    01/15/2015, 599, 374339, Y-DNA 37

    01/22/2015, 600, 376378, Y-DNA 37

    01/29/2015, 601, 109492, Y-DNA 67

    01/29,2015, 601, 246259, Y-DNA 67

    01/29/2015, 601, 353516, Y-DNA 67

    01/29/2015, 601, 380798, Y-DNA 37

    01/29/2015, 601, 381707, Y-DNA 37

     

    EXPLANATION OF TESTS:

     

    Y-DNA Test:  This is a test of a man’s Y chromosome and it is a male specific test.  Women do not have a Y chromosome.  The Y chromosome is handed down from father to son over the generations, so results of this test are used to confirm or disprove a genealogical connection on the direct paternal line.  There are five different levels of yDNA tests offered by FTDNA:  12 markers, 24 markers, 37 markers, 67 markers and 111 markers.

     

    Big Y Test:  This is another direct paternal lineage Y chromosome test designed to explore ancient, deep ancestral links on the universal paternal tree.  It is intended for expert users with an interest in advancing science, not personal genealogy.  This is an anthropological test, not a genealogical test.

     

    MT-DNA Test:  This is a test of mitochondrial DNA which is found in both men and women.  It traces the direct maternal line without influence from other lines.  Because mtDNA mutates very slowly, this test is more of an anthropological test than a genealogical test.  FTDNA offers the following mtDNA tests:  HVR1, HVR1 and 2, and Full Sequence (FGS) or Mega test.

     

    Super DNA Test:  This is a combination of a male specific-chromosome 67 marker test for the direct paternal line and the Full Mitochondrial Sequence (FMS) test for the direct maternal line.  Results identify the ethnic and geographic origin of the maternal and paternal lines of the individual being tested.

     

    Family Finder Test:  This is a test of autosomal DNA which is found in both men and women.  It is designed to trace most of your ancestral lines and it can identify relationships up to five generations back from you with confidence.

     

    Family Finder Conversion is the conversion of the original Family Finder test to a new platform called the Illumina Omni platform.  The new microarray chip tests about 710,000 unique autosomal DNA SNPs.  FTDNA is changing to the new platform because it offers better potential for future upgrade options.

     

    Backbone Test:  When you take any of the yDNA or mtDNA tests at FTDNA, your results include a free haplogroup determination.  Haplogroup is similar to nationality and reflects your very deep, ancient ancestry.  If your yDNA test is inconclusive, FTDNA will perform a free Backbone SNP test to determine your basic haplogroup designation.

     

    Deep Clade Test:  Once you know your Y chromosome male haplogroup, you may then focus on your branch of the phylogenetic tree through subclade testing, also known as Deep Clade testing.  FTDNA currently offers Deep Clade tests for Haplogroups E, G, H, I, J, N, O,  and R.

     

    SNP Test:  You may also focus on your branch of the phylogenetic tree through testing for specific Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) which help determine your specific subclade.  The L257 SNP test is one example.

     

    Kittler Test:  This is an advanced test of one double marker called DYS385a/b.  By convention, the lowest value is always listed first and the highest value second.  This test will allow you to see the actual order of DYS385a/b.  For example, DYS385a/b is usually 14-11 in Haplogroup R1b and is usually 11-14 in Haplogroup R1a.

     

    DYF371X Test:  This is an advanced test that determines why certain individuals have a null value for DYS425, which is a fairly rare event.

     

    DYS464X Test:  This is an advanced test of DYS464, a fast-moving multi-copy DNA marker.  It could be called a “quazi-SNP” test and it has value for exploring both genealogy and anthropology.

     

    Factoids:  This is a lighthearted “cocktail party” test of predisposition to certain physical traits or conditions.  The list of factoids available to be tested include the following: alcohol flush reaction, avoidance of errors, back pain, bitter taste perception, caffeine metabolism, earwax type, freckling, longevity, male pattern baldness, muscle performance and nicotine dependence.

     

     

  • Talk to your Family this Holiday Season

    Many of us will be enjoying dinners and other festive occasions this week with our relatives. I would suggest this is a great time to compare notes with the relatives. Indeed, older members of the family may know a few tidbits of genealogy information that you have not yet found. However, there is another, more serious, reason for comparing notes with relatives: family health hazards.  Click here to read more in Eastman's Online Genealogy Newsletter.

  • 18th century Pennsylvania German naming customs & patterns

    Here is a link to an article written by Charles Kerchner on German naming customs.  This article should be of interest to individuals researching 18th century Pennsylvania-Dutch or German names and records.  Thanks to member Doyle Phillips for bringing this article to our attention.

  • Richard III's DNA throws up infidelity surprise

    Scientists who studied genetic material from Richard III's remains found in a Leicester car park say their findings might have profound historical implications.

    Their analysis shows that DNA passed down on the maternal side matches that of living relatives, but genetic information passed down on the male side does not.

    Depending on where in the family tree the break occurred, it could cast doubt on the Tudor claim to the English throne or, indeed, on Richard's.

    Click here to read more in BBC News.

  • FTDNA's 2014 Holiday Sale

    Y37 $169 $129 ($40 off) Buy Now
    Y67 $268 $199 ($69 off) Buy Now
    Y111 $359 $289 ($70 off) Buy Now

    Upgrades
    Y12 to Y37 $99 $78 ($21 off) Buy Now
    Y12 to Y67 $189 $149 ($40 off) Buy Now
    Y12 to Y111 $339 $257 ($82 off) Buy Now
      Y25 to Y37 $49 $39 ($10 off) Buy Now
      Y25 to Y67 $148 $119 ($29 off) Buy Now
      Y25 to Y111 $249 $209 ($40 off) Buy Now
      Y37 to Y67 $99 $78 ($21 off) Buy Now
      Y37 to Y111 $220 $187 ($33 off) Buy Now
      Y67 to Y111 $129 $109 ($20 off) Buy Now
    Family Finder $99 $89 ($10 off) Buy Now
    mtFullSequence $199 $169 ($30 off) Buy Now
    mtDNA+ to mtFullSequence $159 $139 ($20 off) Buy Now
  • When DNA confirms the Paper Trail

    Here is a link to an article written by CeCe Moore who is a consultant on the TV series Finding Your Roots. 

  • Irish Naming Patterns

    Names are very useful in tracking down lineages when little or no paper trail exists.  Here is a link to an article that explains how the Irish named their children.  I have found this same naming pattern to be used by everyone in the British Isles, not just the Irish.  Thanks to member Doyle Phillips for this tip.

  • DNA tests in progress at FTDNA

    Member Tests in Progress at FTDNA as of 11/12/2014

     

    Due Date, Batch #, Kit #, Type of Test

     

    12/04/2014, 593, 368674, Y-DNA 37

    12/04/2014, 593, 369497, Y-DNA 37

    12/11/2014, 594, 336507, Y-DNA 37

    12/11/2014, 594, 369346, Y-DNA 37

    12/18/2014, 595, 345273, Y-DNA 37

    12/25/2014, 596, 373605, Y-DNA 37

      

    EXPLANATION OF TESTS:

     

    Y-DNA Test:  This is a test of a man’s Y chromosome and it is a male specific test.  Women do not have a Y chromosome.  The Y chromosome is handed down from father to son over the generations, so results of this test are used to confirm or disprove a genealogical connection on the direct paternal line.  There are five different levels of yDNA tests offered by FTDNA:  12 markers, 24 markers, 37 markers, 67 markers and 111 markers.

     

    Big Y Test:  This is another direct paternal lineage Y chromosome test designed to explore ancient, deep ancestral links on the universal paternal tree.  It is intended for expert users with an interest in advancing science, not personal genealogy.  This is an anthropological test, not a genealogical test.

     

    MT-DNA Test:  This is a test of mitochondrial DNA which is found in both men and women.  It traces the direct maternal line without influence from other lines.  Because mtDNA mutates very slowly, this test is more of an anthropological test than a genealogical test.  FTDNA offers the following mtDNA tests:  HVR1, HVR1 and 2, and Full Sequence (FGS) or Mega test.

     

    Super DNA Test:  This is a combination of a male specific-chromosome 67 marker test for the direct paternal line and the Full Mitochondrial Sequence (FMS) test for the direct maternal line.  Results identify the ethnic and geographic origin of the maternal and paternal lines of the individual being tested.

     

    Family Finder Test:  This is a test of autosomal DNA which is found in both men and women.  It is designed to trace most of your ancestral lines and it can identify relationships up to five generations back from you with confidence.

     

    Family Finder Conversion is the conversion of the original Family Finder test to a new platform called the Illumina Omni platform.  The new microarray chip tests about 710,000 unique autosomal DNA SNPs.  FTDNA is changing to the new platform because it offers better potential for future upgrade options.

     

    Backbone Test:  When you take any of the yDNA or mtDNA tests at FTDNA, your results include a free haplogroup determination.  Haplogroup is similar to nationality and reflects your very deep, ancient ancestry.  If your yDNA test is inconclusive, FTDNA will perform a free Backbone SNP test to determine your basic haplogroup designation.

     

    Deep Clade Test:  Once you know your Y chromosome male haplogroup, you may then focus on your branch of the phylogenetic tree through subclade testing, also known as Deep Clade testing.  FTDNA currently offers Deep Clade tests for Haplogroups E, G, H, I, J, N, O,  and R.

     

    SNP Test:  You may also focus on your branch of the phylogenetic tree through testing for specific Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) which help determine your specific subclade.  The L257 SNP test is one example.

     

    Kittler Test:  This is an advanced test of one double marker called DYS385a/b.  By convention, the lowest value is always listed first and the highest value second.  This test will allow you to see the actual order of DYS385a/b.  For example, DYS385a/b is usually 14-11 in Haplogroup R1b and is usually 11-14 in Haplogroup R1a.

     

    DYF371X Test:  This is an advanced test that determines why certain individuals have a null value for DYS425, which is a fairly rare event.

     

    DYS464X Test:  This is an advanced test of DYS464, a fast-moving multi-copy DNA marker.  It could be called a “quazi-SNP” test and it has value for exploring both genealogy and anthropology.

     

    Factoids:  This is a lighthearted “cocktail party” test of predisposition to certain physical traits or conditions.  The list of factoids available to be tested include the following: alcohol flush reaction, avoidance of errors, back pain, bitter taste perception, caffeine metabolism, earwax type, freckling, longevity, male pattern baldness, muscle performance and nicotine dependence.

     

     

  • Tracing Descent from a Slave Owner with DNA

    Although one of the most exciting aspects of genetic genealogy is discovering new avenues to investigate, confirming a paper trail through DNA is a powerful tool as well and can be equally as satisfying. No matter how thorough we are with our traditional genealogy research, sometimes the records are pointing in the wrong direction. At times DNA can reveal these unexpected discrepancies, while other times the exhaustive paper trail research is thankfully confirmed through genetic genealogy.  Click here to read an article written by CeCe Moore about Valerie Jarrett's enslaved ancestor Henry Taylor.

  • DNA yields secrets of human pioneer

    DNA analysis of a 45,000-year-old human has helped scientists pinpoint when our ancestors interbred with Neanderthals.  Click here to read the story in BBC News and thanks to my cousin John Phillips for this tip.

  • Scientists say DNA proof of Jack the Ripper's identity is fatally flawed

    Last month Russell Edwards, the author of a new book entitled Naming Jack the Ripper, said he had irrefutable evidence that the notorious serial killer who terrorized London in the late 1880's was a Polish emigrant named Aaron Kosminski.  However, Edwards' claim has been called into question by a scathing follow-up report published by The Independent.  Click here to read the story in the Huffington Post.

  • The hapless haplogroup

    Here is a link to a blog called the Legal Genealogist written by Judy G. Russell that explains why haplogroup predictions acquired from autosomal DNA testing are not as accurate as haplogroup predictions obtained through Y-DNA and mtDNA tests. 

  • Finding Fathers: Decoding the Y-Chromosome

    Cece Moore is a genetic genealogist who is serving as a consultant on the PBS TV show "Finding Your Roots".  Here is a link to an article she wrote reflecting on her experience behind the scenes of Episode One which was titled In Search of Our Fathers.

  • Tests in progress at FTDNA

    Member Tests in Progress at FTDNA as of 10/07/2014

     

    Due Date, Batch #, Kit #, Type of Test

     

    08/07/2014, 575, 233001, Family Finder

    10/16/2014, 586, 197659, Y-DNA 67 markers

    10/16/2014, 586, 231510, Y-DNA 67 markers

    10/16/2014, 586, 275787, Y-DNA 111 markers

    10/16/2014, 586, 353516, Y-DNA 37 markers

    10/23/2014, 590, 221647, Family Finder

    10/30/2014, 588, 248598, Y-DNA 67 markers

    10/30/2014, 588, 361064, Y-DNA 37

     

    EXPLANATION OF TESTS:

     

    Y-DNA Test:  This is a test of a man’s Y chromosome and it is a male specific test.  Women do not have a Y chromosome.  The Y chromosome is handed down from father to son over the generations, so results of this test are used to confirm or disprove a genealogical connection on the direct paternal line.  There are five different levels of yDNA tests offered by FTDNA:  12 markers, 24 markers, 37 markers, 67 markers and 111 markers.

     

    Big Y Test:  This is another direct paternal lineage Y chromosome test designed to explore ancient, deep ancestral links on the universal paternal tree.  It is intended for expert users with an interest in advancing science, not personal genealogy.  This is an anthropological test, not a genealogical test.

     

    MT-DNA Test:  This is a test of mitochondrial DNA which is found in both men and women.  It traces the direct maternal line without influence from other lines.  Because mtDNA mutates very slowly, this test is more of an anthropological test than a genealogical test.  FTDNA offers the following mtDNA tests:  HVR1, HVR1 and 2, and Full Sequence (FGS) or Mega test.

     

    Super DNA Test:  This is a combination of a male specific-chromosome 67 marker test for the direct paternal line and the Full Mitochondrial Sequence (FMS) test for the direct maternal line.  Results identify the ethnic and geographic origin of the maternal and paternal lines of the individual being tested.

     

    Family Finder Test:  This is a test of autosomal DNA which is found in both men and women.  It is designed to trace most of your ancestral lines and it can identify relationships up to five generations back from you with confidence.

     

    Family Finder Conversion is the conversion of the original Family Finder test to a new platform called the Illumina Omni platform.  The new microarray chip tests about 710,000 unique autosomal DNA SNPs.  FTDNA is changing to the new platform because it offers better potential for future upgrade options.

     

    Backbone Test:  When you take any of the yDNA or mtDNA tests at FTDNA, your results include a free haplogroup determination.  Haplogroup is similar to nationality and reflects your very deep, ancient ancestry.  If your yDNA test is inconclusive, FTDNA will perform a free Backbone SNP test to determine your basic haplogroup designation.

     

    Deep Clade Test:  Once you know your Y chromosome male haplogroup, you may then focus on your branch of the phylogenetic tree through subclade testing, also known as Deep Clade testing.  FTDNA currently offers Deep Clade tests for Haplogroups E, G, H, I, J, N, O,  and R.

     

    SNP Test:  You may also focus on your branch of the phylogenetic tree through testing for specific Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) which help determine your specific subclade.  The L257 SNP test is one example.

     

    Kittler Test:  This is an advanced test of one double marker called DYS385a/b.  By convention, the lowest value is always listed first and the highest value second.  This test will allow you to see the actual order of DYS385a/b.  For example, DYS385a/b is usually 14-11 in Haplogroup R1b and is usually 11-14 in Haplogroup R1a.

     

    DYF371X Test:  This is an advanced test that determines why certain individuals have a null value for DYS425, which is a fairly rare event.

     

    DYS464X Test:  This is an advanced test of DYS464, a fast-moving multi-copy DNA marker.  It could be called a “quazi-SNP” test and it has value for exploring both genealogy and anthropology.

     

    Factoids:  This is a lighthearted “cocktail party” test of predisposition to certain physical traits or conditions.  The list of factoids available to be tested include the following: alcohol flush reaction, avoidance of errors, back pain, bitter taste perception, caffeine metabolism, earwax type, freckling, longevity, male pattern baldness, muscle performance and nicotine dependence.

     

     

  • deCODEme service is being discontinued

    This is to notify that the deCODEme service from deCODE genetics is being discontinued.

    For this reason, all deCODEme customer accounts will be permanently closed on January 01, 2015. However, user accounts will be accessible through December 31, 2014. 

    For logging in you will need to enter your username and password on the deCODEme login page; http://www.decodeme.com.  In case of a forgotten password, you can select the “Forgot my password” option on the login page, but for a forgotten username you will need to send an email to: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.. 

    We encourage customers to save and/or print their results as needed.

  • Europeans drawn from three ancient 'tribes'

    The modern European gene pool was formed when three ancient populations mixed within the last 7,000 years.

    Blue-eyed, swarthy hunters mingled with brown-eyed, pale skinned farmers as the latter swept into Europe from the Near East.

    But another, mysterious population with Siberian affinities also contributed to the genetic landscape of the continent.

    The findings are based on analysis of genomes from nine ancient Europeans.  

    Click here to read the entire story in BBC News and thanks to John Phillips and Doyle Phillips for the tip.

  • DNA ties Ashkenazi Jews to group of just 330 people from Middle Ages

    Ashkenazi Jews are descended from a small group of people who lived 600 to 800 hundred years ago, according to their DNA.  Click here to read the whole story in the Los Angeles Times Science Now.

  • Jack the Ripper identified through mtDNA

    DNA evidence on a shawl found at Ripper murder scene nails the killer 126 years after the crime was committed.  By testing descendants of the victim and suspect, identifications were made.  Click here to read the entire story in the Daily Mail Online.

  • Announcing the FTDNA End of Summer Sale!


    Family Tree DNA is holding an End of Summer Sale on all Y-DNA tests.  Order now because the sale ends 9/3/2014.  Here is a link to a page where you can order a test through our Phillips DNA Project:

    https://www.familytreedna.com/group-join.aspx?Group=Phillips

    Here are the sale prices:

     

    Standard TestsRegular PriceSale Price
    Y-37 $169 $129
    Y-67 $268 $199
    Y-111 $367 $279
    Big Y $595 $495


     

    UpgradesRegular PriceSale Price
    Y-12 -> Y-37 $99 $70
    Y-12 -> Y-67 $189 $148
    Y-12 -> Y-111 $339 $239
    Y-25 -> Y-37 $49 $35
    Y-25 -> Y-67 $148 $114
    Y-25 -> Y-111 $249 $209
    Y-37 -> Y-67 $99 $79
    Y-37 -> Y-111 $220 $179
    Y-67 -> Y-111 $129
  • Faces of Medieval Scots Digitally Reconstructed

    The skeletons of almost 400 Scottish men, women and children who lived between the 15th and 18th century, whose remains were unearthed in a cemetery five years ago, have been brought  back to life thanks to digital faces created by forensic artists.  Click here to see the pictures and read the article in the Daily Mail.

  • DNA tests in progress at Family Tree DNA

    Member Tests in Progress at FTDNA as of 08/12/2014

     

    Due Date, Batch #, Kit #, Type of Test

     

    05/22/2014, 544, 191679, Big Y

    08/07/2014, 575, 233001, Family Finder

    08/14/2014, 575, 275787, Big Y

    08/14/2014, 575, 76446, Big Y

    09/11/2014, 581, 65267, S7753

    09/11/2014, 581, 347654, Y-DNA 111 markers

    09/11/2014, 581, Y-DNA 37 markers

     

    EXPLANATION OF TESTS:

     

    Y-DNA Test:  This is a test of a man’s Y chromosome and it is a male specific test.  Women do not have a Y chromosome.  The Y chromosome is handed down from father to son over the generations, so results of this test are used to confirm or disprove a genealogical connection on the direct paternal line.  There are five different levels of yDNA tests offered by FTDNA:  12 markers, 24 markers, 37 markers, 67 markers and 111 markers.

     

    Big Y Test:  This is another direct paternal lineage Y chromosome test designed to explore ancient, deep ancestral links on the universal paternal tree.  It is intended for expert users with an interest in advancing science, not personal genealogy.  This is an anthropological test, not a genealogical test.

     

    MT-DNA Test:  This is a test of mitochondrial DNA which is found in both men and women.  It traces the direct maternal line without influence from other lines.  Because mtDNA mutates very slowly, this test is more of an anthropological test than a genealogical test.  FTDNA offers the following mtDNA tests:  HVR1, HVR1 and 2, and Full Sequence (FGS) or Mega test.

     

    Super DNA Test:  This is a combination of a male specific-chromosome 67 marker test for the direct paternal line and the Full Mitochondrial Sequence (FMS) test for the direct maternal line.  Results identify the ethnic and geographic origin of the maternal and paternal lines of the individual being tested.

     

    Family Finder Test:  This is a test of autosomal DNA which is found in both men and women.  It is designed to trace most of your ancestral lines and it can identify relationships up to five generations back from you with confidence.

     

    Family Finder Conversion is the conversion of the original Family Finder test to a new platform called the Illumina Omni platform.  The new microarray chip tests about 710,000 unique autosomal DNA SNPs.  FTDNA is changing to the new platform because it offers better potential for future upgrade options.

     

    Backbone Test:  When you take any of the yDNA or mtDNA tests at FTDNA, your results include a free haplogroup determination.  Haplogroup is similar to nationality and reflects your very deep, ancient ancestry.  If your yDNA test is inconclusive, FTDNA will perform a free Backbone SNP test to determine your basic haplogroup designation.

     

    Deep Clade Test:  Once you know your Y chromosome male haplogroup, you may then focus on your branch of the phylogenetic tree through subclade testing, also known as Deep Clade testing.  FTDNA currently offers Deep Clade tests for Haplogroups E, G, H, I, J, N, O,  and R.

     

    SNP Test:  You may also focus on your branch of the phylogenetic tree through testing for specific Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) which help determine your specific subclade.  The L257 SNP test is one example.

     

    Kittler Test:  This is an advanced test of one double marker called DYS385a/b.  By convention, the lowest value is always listed first and the highest value second.  This test will allow you to see the actual order of DYS385a/b.  For example, DYS385a/b is usually 14-11 in Haplogroup R1b and is usually 11-14 in Haplogroup R1a.

     

    DYF371X Test:  This is an advanced test that determines why certain individuals have a null value for DYS425, which is a fairly rare event.

     

    DYS464X Test:  This is an advanced test of DYS464, a fast-moving multi-copy DNA marker.  It could be called a “quazi-SNP” test and it has value for exploring both genealogy and anthropology.

     

    Factoids:  This is a lighthearted “cocktail party” test of predisposition to certain physical traits or conditions.  The list of factoids available to be tested include the following: alcohol flush reaction, avoidance of errors, back pain, bitter taste perception, caffeine metabolism, earwax type, freckling, longevity, male pattern baldness, muscle performance and nicotine dependence.

     

     

  • The History of Surnames

    Here is a link to an excellent video on You Tube about the history of surnames which should be of interest to all genealogies. 

  • The Master Genealogist to be discontinued

    Bob Velke, the owner of Wholly Genes, Inc. announced that he has decided to discontinue a genealogy software program called The Master Genealogist used by thousands of genealogists.  Here is a link to an article about this in Eastman's Online Genealogy Newsletter.

  • France to honor 93-year-old Henry Phillips

    Henry Phillips, a 93-year-old World War II veteran from Wilmington, NC, became a part of a French tradition on July 11th when he received France's Legion of Honor in recognition of his contribution to the liberation of France from the Nazis in 1944.  Click here to read the entire story in Star News Online.

  • Phillips Involved in Indian Uprising

    Here is a link to an interesting story about a Phillips man involved in an Indian uprising that occurred in South Dakota in 1890.  This story appeared in the Memphis Daily Appeal on 29 November 1890.  Our thanks to member Wayne Phillips for sending us this link.

  • DNA Ancestry for All


    Big ad campaigns and celebrity involvement have helped increase public interest in genetic genealogy, but helping consumers understand their DNA ancestry testing results remains difficult.  Click here to read more in The Scientist.

  • DNA tests in progress at Family Tree DNA


    Member Tests in Progress at FTDNA as of 07/02/2014

     

    Due Date, Batch #, Kit #, Type of Test

     

    05/22/2014, 544, 191679, Big Y

    05/22/2014, 553, 324238, Backbone

    05/29/2014, 565, 326722, Backbone

    05/29/2014, 565, 327537, Backbone

    06/05/2014, 566, 327862, Backbone

    06/19/2014, 568, N116909, PF4837

    07/12/2014, 570, 337278, MT-DNA Full Sequence

    07/17/2014, 572, 122807, Y-DNA 111

    07/17/2014, 572, N123569, Y-DNA 37

    07/31/2014, 574, 157462, Big Y

    07/31/2014, 576, 351812, Y-DNA 12

    08/07/2014, 575, 233001, Family Finder

    08/07/2014, 575, 76446, Big Y

    08/07/2014, 575, 275787, Big Y

     

    EXPLANATION OF TESTS:

     

    Y-DNA Test:  This is a test of a man’s Y chromosome and it is a male specific test.  Women do not have a Y chromosome.  The Y chromosome is handed down from father to son over the generations, so results of this test are used to confirm or disprove a genealogical connection on the direct paternal line.  There are five different levels of yDNA tests offered by FTDNA:  12 markers, 24 markers, 37 markers, 67 markers and 111 markers.

     

    Big Y Test:  This is another direct paternal lineage Y chromosome test designed to explore ancient, deep ancestral links on the universal paternal tree.  It is intended for expert users with an interest in advancing science, not personal genealogy.  This is an anthropological test, not a genealogical test.

     

    MT-DNA Test:  This is a test of mitochondrial DNA which is found in both men and women.  It traces the direct maternal line without influence from other lines.  Because mtDNA mutates very slowly, this test is more of an anthropological test than a genealogical test.  FTDNA offers the following mtDNA tests:  HVR1, HVR1 and 2, and Full Sequence (FGS) or Mega test.

     

    Super DNA Test:  This is a combination of a male specific-chromosome 67 marker test for the direct paternal line and the Full Mitochondrial Sequence (FMS) test for the direct maternal line.  Results identify the ethnic and geographic origin of the maternal and paternal lines of the individual being tested.

     

    Family Finder Test:  This is a test of autosomal DNA which is found in both men and women.  It is designed to trace most of your ancestral lines and it can identify relationships up to five generations back from you with confidence.

     

    Family Finder Conversion is the conversion of the original Family Finder test to a new platform called the Illumina Omni platform.  The new microarray chip tests about 710,000 unique autosomal DNA SNPs.  FTDNA is changing to the new platform because it offers better potential for future upgrade options.

     

    Backbone Test:  When you take any of the yDNA or mtDNA tests at FTDNA, your results include a free haplogroup determination.  Haplogroup is similar to nationality and reflects your very deep, ancient ancestry.  If your yDNA test is inconclusive, FTDNA will perform a free Backbone SNP test to determine your basic haplogroup designation.

     

    Deep Clade Test:  Once you know your Y chromosome male haplogroup, you may then focus on your branch of the phylogenetic tree through subclade testing, also known as Deep Clade testing.  FTDNA currently offers Deep Clade tests for Haplogroups E, G, H, I, J, N, O,  and R.

     

    SNP Test:  You may also focus on your branch of the phylogenetic tree through testing for specific Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) which help determine your specific subclade.  The L257 SNP test is one example.

     

    Kittler Test:  This is an advanced test of one double marker called DYS385a/b.  By convention, the lowest value is always listed first and the highest value second.  This test will allow you to see the actual order of DYS385a/b.  For example, DYS385a/b is usually 14-11 in Haplogroup R1b and is usually 11-14 in Haplogroup R1a.

     

    DYF371X Test:  This is an advanced test that determines why certain individuals have a null value for DYS425, which is a fairly rare event.

     

    DYS464X Test:  This is an advanced test of DYS464, a fast-moving multi-copy DNA marker.  It could be called a “quazi-SNP” test and it has value for exploring both genealogy and anthropology.

     

    Factoids:  This is a lighthearted “cocktail party” test of predisposition to certain physical traits or conditions.  The list of factoids available to be tested include the following: alcohol flush reaction, avoidance of errors, back pain, bitter taste perception, caffeine metabolism, earwax type, freckling, longevity, male pattern baldness, muscle performance and nicotine dependence.

     

     

  • WDYTYA? Live 2015 moves to Birmingham

     

    There is now official confirmation in the form of a press release from Immediate Media that Who Do You Think You Are? Live 2015 will be held at the National Exhibition Centre in Birmingham, England from April 16 to April 18.  Click here to read more in Cruwys News.

  • Welsh Phillips family is Britain's model family


    A Phillips family from Cardiff, Wales, models for Disney, Mercedes and Cadbury.  Children aged one to fifteen star in adverts with their parents.  Mr. Phillips says his wholesome family is a Welsh version of the Waltons.  Click here to read more in the UK's Daily Mail.

  • Petitioning Ancestry.com


    A man from Lakeland, Florida, has started an online petition requesting Ancestry.com to reconsider and find an alternative to the planned destruction of Y-DNA and mtDNA samples in their database.  Here is what he says in the petition:


    A number of the samples that you are planning to destroy were collected from or submitted by people who were the last person in their family's line and who are now no longer living.  By doing so, you will be destroying samples that can never be collected again, and that may someday open a world of genealogical data to family history researchers.  We believe that some other private or public organization can be found that would be willing to preserve these samples for future use. 


    Click here if you want to sign his petition.

  • Ancestry.com is dropping Y-DNA tests

    Ancestry.com announced yesterday that they are discontinuing their Y-DNA and mtDNA tests and all the stored Y-DNA and mtDNA samples will be destroyed on the 5th of September.  If you were tested at Ancestry.com, you should download your test results immediately.  I also recommend transferring your results to Family Tree DNA.  Click here to read more in a blog written by Debbie Kennett.

  • DNA tests in progress at Family Tree DNA in Phillips Project

    Member Tests in Progress at FTDNA as of 06/03/2014

    Due Date, Batch #, Kit #, Type of Test

    03/28/2014, 544, 191679, Big Y

    05/22/2014, 553, 324238, Y-DNA 67

    05/22/2014, 563, 85045, Mt-DNA Full Sequence

    05/29/2014, 565, 326722, Backbone

    05/29/2014, 565, 327537, Y-DNA 67

    06/05/2014, 566, 327862, Backbone

    06/19/2014, 568, N116909, PF4837

    07/03/2014, 570, 343720, Y-DNA 37

    07/03/2014, 572, 347654, Y-DNA 37

    07/12/2014, 570, 337278, MT-DNA Full Sequence

    07/17/2014, 572, 122807, Y-DNA 111

    07/17/2014, 572, 342741, Y-DNA 37

    07/17/2014, 572, N123569, Y-DNA 37

    EXPLANATION OF TESTS:

    Y-DNA Test:  This is a test of a man’s Y chromosome and it is a male specific test.  Women do not have a Y chromosome.  The Y chromosome is handed down from father to son over the generations, so results of this test are used to confirm or disprove a genealogical connection on the direct paternal line.  There are five different levels of yDNA tests offered by FTDNA:  12 markers, 24 markers, 37 markers, 67 markers and 111 markers.

    Big Y Test:  This is another direct paternal lineage Y chromosome test designed to explore ancient, deep ancestral links on the universal paternal tree.  It is intended for expert users with an interest in advancing science, not personal genealogy.  This is an anthropological test, not a genealogical test.

    MT-DNA Test:  This is a test of mitochondrial DNA which is found in both men and women.  It traces the direct maternal line without influence from other lines.  Because mtDNA mutates very slowly, this test is more of an anthropological test than a genealogical test.  FTDNA offers the following mtDNA tests:  HVR1, HVR1 and 2, and Full Sequence (FGS) or Mega test.

    Super DNA Test:  This is a combination of a male specific-chromosome 67 marker test for the direct paternal line and the Full Mitochondrial Sequence (FMS) test for the direct maternal line.  Results identify the ethnic and geographic origin of the maternal and paternal lines of the individual being tested.

    Family Finder Test: This is a test of autosomal DNA which is found in both men and women.  It is designed to trace most of your ancestral lines and it can identify relationships up to five generations back from you with confidence.

    Family Finder Conversion is the conversion of the original Family Finder test to a new platform called the Illumina Omni platform.  The new microarray chip tests about 710,000 unique autosomal DNA SNPs.  FTDNA is changing to the new platform because it offers better potential for future upgrade options.

    Backbone Test:  When you take any of the yDNA or mtDNA tests at FTDNA, your results include a free haplogroup determination.  Haplogroup is similar to nationality and reflects your very deep, ancient ancestry.  If your yDNA test is inconclusive, FTDNA will perform a free Backbone SNP test to determine your basic haplogroup designation.

    Deep Clade Test:  Once you know your Y chromosome male haplogroup, you may then focus on your branch of the phylogenetic tree through subclade testing, also known as Deep Clade testing.  FTDNA currently offers Deep Clade tests for Haplogroups E, G, H, I, J, N, O,  and R.

    SNP Test:  You may also focus on your branch of the phylogenetic tree through testing for specific Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) which help determine your specific subclade.  The L257 SNP test is one example.

    Kittler Test:  This is an advanced test of one double marker called DYS385a/b.  By convention, the lowest value is always listed first and the highest value second.  This test will allow you to see the actual order of DYS385a/b.  For example, DYS385a/b is usually 14-11 in Haplogroup R1b and is usually 11-14 in Haplogroup R1a.

    DYF371X Test:  This is an advanced test that determines why certain individuals have a null value for DYS425, which is a fairly rare event.

    DYS464X Test:  This is an advanced test of DYS464, a fast-moving multi-copy DNA marker.  It could be called a “quazi-SNP” test and it has value for exploring both genealogy and anthropology.

    Factoids:  This is a lighthearted “cocktail party” test of predisposition to certain physical traits or conditions.  The list of factoids available to be tested include the following: alcohol flush reaction, avoidance of errors, back pain, bitter taste perception, caffeine metabolism, earwax type, freckling, longevity, male pattern baldness, muscle performance and nicotine dependence.

  • Our Website's New Look

    By now you have realized our website has a new look.  The color scheme hasn't changed much, but pages are a little more spaced out, the font is slightly larger, and hopefully you will find it easier to read.  Our site turned 5 years old back in the early spring so we decided to freshen it up.  Yes, it is a little more modern looking with a good reason.  

    Our website is now using web responsive technology.  What's that you ask!  Simply, our site will look good and be easy to read on desktops, laptops, tablets, and yes, even mobile phones!  Whatever device you view your internet content with, you'll love browsing our site with it.

    A few other things you should know about:

    • We are working to improve our newsletter archives so they have a table of contents built in.  Two years down, four to go!
    • We've integrated DNA and genealogy news feeds from other popular sites.  You can drop by and check them all in one place.  You can even vote them up or down and leave a comment if you're logged into your account.  If you can think of any others just let us know.
    • Our forum is still open and ready for posting but now you can social share topics!  Find a great thread with great information, let everyone know about it.
    • Thanks for stopping by, now let us know what you think on Facebook, Twitter, Google+ or whatever social media sharing service you enjoy using.  Just use the hashtag #phillipsdna in your posts as you spread the word.
  • America's Sources of Immigrants through the years

     

    With more than 40 million immigrants, the United States is the top destination in the world for those moving from one country to another.  You can read the rest of the story and look at some interesting maps in an article by Jens Manuel Krogstad and Michael Keegan in the Pew Research Center by clicking this link.

  • Inside all of us lies a hidden history...

    "The Viking Influence" and "Who are the Welsh?" discussed by BritainsDNA at this link.

  • 13,000-Year-Old Body of Girl Discovered in Mexico


    The girl's skeleton is exceptionally complete because of the environment in which she died.  Her pristine preservation enabled scientists to extract enough DNA to determine her shared genetic code with modern Nation Americans.  Click here to read more in International Business Times.

  • Genographic Project records Global Population Gene Flow


    Researchers at National Geographic are learning what happens genetically when different cultures appeared.  The genetic research has helped to resolve a 100-year-old debate in archaelolgical circles: do cultures diffuse to people, or do people spread cultures?  Click here to read in Genetic Engineering & Biotechnology News.

  • Joan Phillips, highwaywoman of Nottingham


    Joan Phillips, born 1656 in Northamptonshire, was a Nottingham highway robber who passed herself off as a man.  The Annals of Nottingham distinguished her history as "extraordinary" amidst many "remarkable incidents" of local criminality.  Click here to read more about her in the Nottingham Post.

  • DNA tests in progress at Family Tree DNA


    Member Tests in Progress at FTDNA as of 05/03/2014

    Due Date, Batch #, Kit #, Type of Test

     

    03/28/2014, 544, 191679, Big Y

    03/28/2014, 542, 93184, Big Y

    05/07/2014, 553, 324238, Y-DNA 67

    05/17/2014, 563, 335381, Y-DNA 37

    05/22/2014, 563, 85045, Mt-DNA Full Sequence

    05/22/2014, 563, 208372, Mt-DNA Full Sequence

    05/29/2014, 565, 55992, Mt-DNA Full Sequence

    05/29/2014, 565, 326722, Backbone

    05/29/2014, 565, 327537, Y-DNA 67

    05/31/2014, 563, 327537, Y-DNA 67

    05/31/2014, 563, 337445, Y-DNA 37

    06/05/2014, 566, 219553, Mt-DNA Full Sequence

    06/05/2014, 566, 327862, Backbone

    06/07/2014, 565, 322815, Y-DNA 37

    06/19/2014, 568, 53092, DF23

    06/19/2014, 568, N226909, PF4837


    EXPLANATION OF TESTS
    :

    Y-DNA Test:  This is a test of a man’s Y chromosome and it is a male specific test.  Women do not have a Y chromosome.  The Y chromosome is handed down from father to son over the generations, so results of this test are used to confirm or disprove a genealogical connection on the direct paternal line.  There are five different levels of yDNA tests offered by FTDNA:  12 markers, 24 markers, 37 markers, 67 markers and 111 markers.

    Big Y Test:  This is another direct paternal lineage Y chromosome test designed to explore ancient, deep ancestral links on the universal paternal tree.  It is intended for expert users with an interest in advancing science, not personal genealogy.  This is an anthropological test, not a genealogical test.

    MT-DNA Test:  This is a test of mitochondrial DNA which is found in both men and women.  It traces the direct maternal line without influence from other lines.  Because mtDNA mutates very slowly, this test is more of an anthropological test than a genealogical test.  FTDNA offers the following mtDNA tests:  HVR1, HVR1 and 2, and Full Sequence (FGS) or Mega test.

    Super DNA Test:  This is a combination of a male specific-chromosome 67 marker test for the direct paternal line and the Full Mitochondrial Sequence (FMS) test for the direct maternal line.  Results identify the ethnic and geographic origin of the maternal and paternal lines of the individual being tested.

    Family Finder Test:  This is a test of autosomal DNA which is found in both men and women.  It is designed to trace most of your ancestral lines and it can identify relationships up to five generations back from you with confidence.

    Family Finder Conversion is the conversion of the original Family Finder test to a new platform called the Illumina Omni platform.  The new microarray chip tests about 710,000 unique autosomal DNA SNPs.  FTDNA is changing to the new platform because it offers better potential for future upgrade options.

    Backbone Test:  When you take any of the yDNA or mtDNA tests at FTDNA, your results include a free haplogroup determination.  Haplogroup is similar to nationality and reflects your very deep, ancient ancestry.  If your yDNA test is inconclusive, FTDNA will perform a free Backbone SNP test to determine your basic haplogroup designation.

    Deep Clade Test:  Once you know your Y chromosome male haplogroup, you may then focus on your branch of the phylogenetic tree through subclade testing, also known as Deep Clade testing.  FTDNA currently offers Deep Clade tests for Haplogroups E, G, H, I, J, N, O,and R.

    SNP Test:  You may also focus on your branch of the phylogenetic tree through testing for specific Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) which help determine your specific subclade.  The L257 SNP test is one example.

    Kittler Test:  This is an advanced test of one double marker called DYS385a/b.  By convention, the lowest value is always listed first and the highest value second.  This test will allow you to see the actual order of DYS385a/b.  For example, DYS385a/b is usually 14-11 in Haplogroup R1b and is usually 11-14 in Haplogroup R1a.

    DYF371X Test:  This is an advanced test that determines why certain individuals have a null value for DYS425, which is a fairly rare event.

    DYS464X Test:  This is an advanced test of DYS464, a fast-moving multi-copy DNA marker.  It could be called a “quazi-SNP” test and it has value for exploring both genealogy and anthropology.

    Factoids:  This is a lighthearted “cocktail party” test of predisposition to certain physical traits or conditions.  The list of factoids available to be tested include the following: alcohol flush reaction, avoidance of errors, back pain, bitter taste perception, caffeine metabolism, earwax type, freckling, longevity, male pattern baldness, muscle performance and nicotine dependence.

  • The genetic imprint of Niall of the Nine Hostages

    DNA research bolsters the historical record of the Ui Neill clan's long-lasting primacy in medieval Ireland.  Click here to read more in The Irish Times.

  • DNA Day sale at FTDNA on 37 marker Y-DNA test


    In celebration of DNA Day, Family Tree DNA is running a sale on their 37 marker Y-DNA test.  Order now, because this offer is valid only for three days through April 29, 2014.  Click here to order a 37 marker Y-DNA test through our Phillips DNA Project for the sales price of $135.20.

  • Prehistoric humans and Neanderthals were 99.84% genetically alike


    An average Neanderthal and a prehistoric human were about as close, genetically speaking, as any two humans walking the Earth today. That is the conclusion of a new Israeli study that finds only 0.12% of difference,
     on average, separated the Neanderthals’ genomes from those of early homo sapiens.  Click here to read more in Science Recorder.

  • My Weekend with GOONS


    Dick Eastman spoke at the annual conference of the Guild of One-Name Studies held in Ashford, Kent, England last weekend.  Click here to read about it in Eastman's Onnline Genealogy Newsletter.  Dick mentioned that nobody has taken on the common surnames of Smith, Jones or Johnson, but I am proud to say that Phillips is a registered surname with the Guild.

  • DNA tests in progress at Family Tree DNA in Phillips Project


    Member Tests in Progress at FTDNA as of 04/08/2014

    Due Date, Batch #, Kit #, Type of Test

     03/28/2014, 543, 56277, Big Y

    03/28/2014, 544, 191679, Big Y

    03/28/2014, 542, 93184, Big Y

    03/28/2014, 545, E13398, Big Y

    04/09/2014, 553, 324238, Y-DNA 67

    04/11/2014, 556, 327862, Prediction

    05/03/2014, 559, 334817, Y-DNA 111

    05/10/2014, 560, 300520, Y-DNA 37

    05/17/2014, 563, 335381, Y-DNA 37

    05/22/2014, 563, 85045, Mt-DNA Full Sequence

    05/22/2014, 563, 208372, Mt-DNA Full Sequence

    05/22/2014, 563, 219553, Mt-DNA Full Sequence

    05/22/2014, 563, 275787, Mt-DNA Full Sequence

    05/31/2014, 563, 327537, Y-DNA 67

    05/31/2014, 563, 337445, Y-DNA 37


    EXPLANATION OF TESTS
    :

    Y-DNA Test:  This is a test of a man’s Y chromosome and it is a male specific test.  Women do not have a Y chromosome.  The Y chromosome is handed down from father to son over the generations, so results of this test are used to confirm or disprove a genealogical connection on the direct paternal line.  There are five different levels of yDNA tests offered by FTDNA:  12 markers, 24 markers, 37 markers, 67 markers and 111 markers.

    Big Y Test:  This is another direct paternal lineage Y chromosome test designed to explore ancient, deep ancestral links on the universal paternal tree.  It is intended for expert users with an interest in advancing science, not personal genealogy.  This is an anthropological test, not a genealogical test.

    MT-DNA Test:  This is a test of mitochondrial DNA which is found in both men and women.  It traces the direct maternal line without influence from other lines.  Because mtDNA mutates very slowly, this test is more of an anthropological test than a genealogical test.  FTDNA offers the following mtDNA tests:  HVR1, HVR1 and 2, and Full Sequence (FGS) or Mega test.

    Super DNA Test:  This is a combination of a male specific-chromosome 67 marker test for the direct paternal line and the Full Mitochondrial Sequence (FMS) test for the direct maternal line.  Results identify the ethnic and geographic origin of the maternal and paternal lines of the individual being tested.

    Family Finder Test:  This is a test of autosomal DNA which is found in both men and women.  It is designed to trace most of your ancestral lines and it can identify relationships up to five generations back from you with confidence.

    Family Finder Conversion is the conversion of the original Family Finder test to a new platform called the Illumina Omni platform.  The new microarray chip tests about 710,000 unique autosomal DNA SNPs.  FTDNA is changing to the new platform because it offers better potential for future upgrade options.

    Backbone Test:  When you take any of the yDNA or mtDNA tests at FTDNA, your results include a free haplogroup determination.  Haplogroup is similar to nationality and reflects your very deep, ancient ancestry.  If your yDNA test is inconclusive, FTDNA will perform a free Backbone SNP test to determine your basic haplogroup designation.

    Deep Clade Test:  Once you know your Y chromosome male haplogroup, you may then focus on your branch of the phylogenetic tree through subclade testing, also known as Deep Clade testing.  FTDNA currently offers Deep Clade tests for Haplogroups E, G, H, I, J, N, O, and R.

    SNP Test:  You may also focus on your branch of the phylogenetic tree through testing for specific Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) which help determine your specific subclade.  The L257 SNP test is one example.

    Kittler Test:  This is an advanced test of one double marker called DYS385a/b.  By convention, the lowest value is always listed first and the highest value second.  This test will allow you to see the actual order of DYS385a/b.  For example, DYS385a/b is usually 14-11 in Haplogroup R1b and is usually 11-14 in Haplogroup R1a.

    DYF371X Test:  This is an advanced test that determines why certain individuals have a null value for DYS425, which is a fairly rare event.

    DYS464X Test:  This is an advanced test of DYS464, a fast-moving multi-copy DNA marker.  It could be called a “quazi-SNP” test and it has value for exploring both genealogy and anthropology.

    Factoids:  This is a lighthearted “cocktail party” test of predisposition to certain physical traits or conditions.  The list of factoids available to be tested include the following: alcohol flush reaction, avoidance of errors, back pain, bitter taste perception, caffeine metabolism, earwax type, freckling, longevity, male pattern baldness, muscle performance and nicotine dependence.

  • A Genetic Census of America


    Using autosomal DNA results from over a quarter million people, the AncestryDNA science team set out to perform a "genetic census" of the United States.  Click here to read an article about it in the Ancestry.com Blog and look at the maps.

  • Distribution of European Y-chromosome DNA haplogroups by country


    Male Y-chromosome DNA can be divided into genealogical groups sharing a common ancient paternal ancestor.  These are called haplogroups.  Click here to see some interesting charts showing the distribution of Y-chromosome haplogroups in Europe.

  • Archaeologists discover the tomb of Attila the Hun


    Construction workers building the foundations of a new bridge over the Danube River in the Hungarian capitol, Budapest, have unearthed a spectacular 5th century sepulchre. The analysis of the monument revealed that it was the burial chamber of a great hunnic leader, most likely  that of King Attila himself. - See more in World News Daily at this link.

  • Have AncestryDNA discontinued their Y-STR and mtDNA tests?


    It appears that AncestryDNA has stopped selling their Y-STR
     and mtDNA tests. The website now shows that the tests are out of stock and visitors are directed to the landing page for the new AncestryDNA autosomal DNA test.  Click here to read more in a blog written by genetic genealogist Debbie Kennett.

  • What medieval Europe did with its teenagers


    Today, there's often a perception that Asian children are given a hard time by their parents. But a few hundred years ago northern Europe took a particularly harsh line, sending children away to live and work in someone else's home. Not surprisingly, the children didn't always like it.  Click here to read the entire story in BBC News Magazine and our thanks to British member John Phillips for sending us this link.

  • Houston Chronicle article features FTDNA founders


    The Sunday, March 16th, 2014, issue of the Houston Chronicle features an article about Houston's own entrpreneurs, Max Blankfeld and Bennett Greenspan, who founded Family Tree DNA.  Click here to read more in a blog written by Roberta Estes.

  • Member tests in progress at Family Tree DNA


    Member Tests in Progress at FTDNA as of 03/17/2014

    Due Date, Batch #, Kit #, Type of Test

    03/15/2014, 553, 327537, Y-DNA 37

    03/27/2014, 555, 311661, Refine 37 to 67 markers

    03/28/2014, 543, 56277, Big Y

    03/28/2014, 544, 191679, Big Y

    03/28/2014, 542, 93184, Big Y

    03/28/2014, 545, E13398, Big Y

    04/02/2014, 556, 89726, Refine 37 to 67 markers

    04/02/2014, 552, 326722, Y-DNA 37

    04/10/2014, 557, 26404, Family Finder

    04/11/2014, 556, 327862, Y-DNA 37

    05/01/2014, 560, 111792, Y-DNA 37

    05/03/2014, 559, 334817, Y-DNA 111

    05/10/2014, 560, 300520, Y-DNA 37


    EXPLANATION OF TESTS
    :

    Y-DNA Test:  This is a test of a man’s Y chromosome and it is a male specific test.  Women do not have a Y chromosome.  The Y chromosome is handed down from father to son over the generations, so results of this test are used to confirm or disprove a genealogical connection on the direct paternal line.  There are five different levels of yDNA tests offered by FTDNA:  12 markers, 24 markers, 37 markers, 67 markers and 111 markers.

    Big Y Test:  This is another direct paternal lineage Y chromosome test designed to explore ancient, deep ancestral links on the paternal tree.  It is intended for expert users with an interest in advancing science.  This is an anthropological test rather than a genealogical test.

    MT-DNA Test:  This is a test of mitochondrial DNA which is found in both men and women.  It traces the direct maternal line without influence from other lines.  Because mtDNA mutates very slowly, this test is more of an anthropological test than a genealogical test.  FTDNA offers the following mtDNA tests:  HVR1, HVR1 and 2, and Full Sequence (FGS) or Mega test.

    Super DNA Test:  This is a combination of a male specific-chromosome 67 marker test for the direct paternal line and the Full Mitochondrial Sequence (FMS) test for the direct maternal line.  Results identify the ethnic and geographic origin of the maternal and paternal lines of the individual being tested.

    Family Finder Test:  This is a test of autosomal DNA which is found in both men and women.  It is designed to trace most of your ancestral lines and it can identify relationships up to five generations back from you with confidence.

    Family Finder Conversion is the conversion of the original Family Finder test to a new platform called the Illumina Omni platform.  The new microarray chip tests about 710,000 unique autosomal DNA SNPs.  FTDNA is changing to the new platform because it offers better potential for future upgrade options.

    Backbone Test:  When you take any of the yDNA or mtDNA tests at FTDNA, your results include a free haplogroup determination.  Haplogroup is similar to nationality and reflects your very deep, ancient ancestry.  If your yDNA test is inconclusive, FTDNA will perform a free Backbone SNP test to determine your basic haplogroup designation.

    Deep Clade Test:  Once you know your Y chromosome male haplogroup, you may then focus on your branch of the phylogenetic tree through subclade testing, also known as Deep Clade testing.  FTDNA currently offers Deep Clade tests for Haplogroups E, G, H, I, J, N, O,and R.

    SNP Test:  You may also focus on your branch of the phylogenetic tree through testing for specific Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) which help determine your specific subclade.  The L257 SNP test is one example.

    Kittler Test:  This is an advanced test of one double marker called DYS385a/b.  By convention, the lowest value is always listed first and the highest value second.  This test will allow you to see the actual order of DYS385a/b.  For example, DYS385a/b is usually 14-11 in Haplogroup R1b and is usually 11-14 in Haplogroup R1a.

    DYF371X Test:  This is an advanced test that determines why certain individuals have a null value for DYS425, which is a fairly rare event.

    DYS464X Test:  This is an advanced test of DYS464, a fast-moving multi-copy DNA marker.  It could be called a “quazi-SNP” test and it has value for exploring both genealogy and anthropology.

    Factoids:  This is a lighthearted “cocktail party” test of predisposition to certain physical traits or conditions.  The list of factoids available to be tested include the following: alcohol flush reaction, avoidance of errors, back pain, bitter taste perception, caffeine metabolism, earwax type, freckling, longevity, male pattern baldness, muscle performance and nicotine dependence.

  • Ancestry.com adds three million Irish records

     

    PROVO, UT -- 03/13/14 -- Ancestry.com announced today the addition of over three million historical records that will help people of Irish descent explore their connections to the Emerald Isle. These include more than 25,000 birth, marriage and death records as well as 2.7 million new records that form the 1855 and 1865 Massachusetts state censuses. Made possible through a relationship with the New England Historic Genealogical Society, the new records will provide further insight for Irish Americans, the nation's third most common ancestral group, and give them the resources to discover more about their family history.  Click here to read more in Eastman's Online Genealogy Newsletter.

  • British Descendants from Norse Warriors


    According to a genetic study carried out by a new company named BritainsDNA, almost one million Britons alive today are of Viking descent, which means one in 33 British men can claim to be direct descendants of the Vikings.  Click here to read more in UK's Daily Mail.

  • Where did my autosomal DNA Come From?


    Here is a link to an article in the Ancestry.com blog that explains the inheritance patterns of autosomal DNA.  Please note that the Phillips DNA Project is based on Y-DNA, which is not the same as autosomal DNA.  Y-DNA is passed down intact from father to son over the generations with very little change.  Autosomal DNA is jumbled up as it is passed down from generation to generation which makes it much more difficult to use for genealogy.

  • How common is your first name?


    Have you ever wondered how common your first name is in the USA?  You can find a state-by-state breakdown of popular first names from 1960 to 2012 at this link.  My first name Nancy was the 17th most popular first name in Missouri in 1960 and now it does not even make the list.  Thanks to Dick Eastman for this fascinating link.

  • March/April issue of newsletter has been posted


    The March/April 2014 issue of the newsletter has been posted under the News tab, where you can read it in PDF, XPS or plain text format.

    This month the newsletter contains answers to FAQ’s received by Family Tree DNA, an article written by member Bob Phillips entitled “Proliferation and Confusion of Israel Phillipses” and a review of a book entitled “Sustainable Genealogy: Separating Fact from Fiction in Family Legends” written by Randy Hite.

    We hope you enjoy the newsletter!  If you would like to submit a story or have any suggestions for the newsletter, please let us know.

     

  • Altai may have been source of earliest Native Americans


    A tiny mountainous region in southern Siberia may have been the genetic source of the earliest Native Americans, according to new research by a University of Pennsylvania-led team of anthropologists.  Click here to read more in Science Daily.

  • Family Tree DNA tests in progress


    Phillips Tests in Progress at FTDNA as of 02/21/2014


    Due Date
    , Batch #, Kit #, Type of Test

    02/20/2014, 549, N116909, Z2961

    02/20/2014, 549, 91742, Refine 37 to 67 markers

    02/28/2014, 543, 56277, Big Y

    02/28/2014, 544, 191679, Big Y

    02/28/2014, 542, 93184, Big Y

    02/28/2014, 545, E13398, Big Y

    03/08/2014, 552, 326722, Y-DNA 37

    03/15/2014, 553, 327537, Prediction

    03/27/2014, 555, 311661, Refine 37 to 67 markers

    04/02/2014, 556, 89726, Refine 37 to 67 markers

    04/10/2014, 557, 26404, Family Finder

    04/11/2014, 556, 327862, Y-DNA 37


    EXPLANATION OF TESTS
    :

    Y-DNA Test:  This is a test of a man’s Y chromosome and it is a male specific test.  Women do not have a Y chromosome.  The Y chromosome is handed down from father to son over the generations, so results of this test are used to confirm or disprove a genealogical connection on the direct paternal line.  There are five different levels of yDNA tests offered by FTDNA:  12 markers, 24 markers, 37 markers, 67 markers and 111 markers.

    MT-DNA Test:  This is a test of mitochondrial DNA which is found in both men and women.  It traces the direct maternal line without influence from other lines.  Because mtDNA mutates very slowly, this test is more of an anthropological test than a genealogical test.  FTDNA offers the following mtDNA tests:  HVR1, HVR1 and 2, and Full Sequence (FGS) or Mega test.

    Super DNA Test:  This is a combination of a male specific-chromosome 67 marker test for the direct paternal line and the Full Mitochondrial Sequence (FMS) test for the direct maternal line.  Results identify the ethnic and geographic origin of the maternal and paternal lines of the individual being tested.

    Family Finder Test:  This is a test of autosomal DNA which is found in both men and women.  It is designed to trace most of your ancestral lines and it can identify relationships up to five generations back from you with confidence.

    Family Finder Conversion is the conversion of the original Family Finder test to a new platform called the Illumina Omni platform.  The new microarray chip tests about 710,000 unique autosomal DNA SNPs.  FTDNA is changing to the new platform because it offers better potential for future upgrade options.

    Backbone Test:  When you take any of the yDNA or mtDNA tests at FTDNA, your results include a free haplogroup determination.  Haplogroup is similar to nationality and reflects your very deep, ancient ancestry.  If your yDNA test is inconclusive, FTDNA will perform a free Backbone SNP test to determine your basic haplogroup designation.

    Deep Clade Test:  Once you know your Y chromosome male haplogroup, you may then focus on your branch of the phylogenetic tree through subclade testing, also known as Deep Clade testing.  FTDNA currently offers Deep Clade tests for Haplogroups E, G, H, I, J, N, O,and R.

    SNP Test:  You may also focus on your branch of the phylogenetic tree through testing for specific Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) which help determine your specific subclade.  The L257 SNP test is one example.

    Kittler Test:  This is an advanced test of one double marker called DYS385a/b.  By convention, the lowest value is always listed first and the highest value second.  This test will allow you to see the actual order of DYS385a/b.  For example, DYS385a/b is usually 14-11 in Haplogroup R1b and is usually 11-14 in Haplogroup R1a.

    DYF371X Test:  This is an advanced test that determines why certain individuals have a null value for DYS425, which is a fairly rare event.

    DYS464X Test:  This is an advanced test of DYS464, a fast-moving multi-copy DNA marker.  It could be called a “quazi-SNP” test and it has value for exploring both genealogy and anthropology.

    Factoids:  This is a lighthearted “cocktail party” test of predisposition to certain physical traits or conditions.  The list of factoids available to be tested include the following: alcohol flush reaction, avoidance of errors, back pain, bitter taste perception, caffeine metabolism, earwax type, freckling, longevity, male pattern baldness, muscle performance and nicotine dependence.

  • Culture-Gene Interactions in Human Origins

    Here is a link to an interesting video posted on YouTube about the interactions of genes and culture.  The video was originally produced for the University of California Television.  Thanks to member Doyle Phillips for this tip!

  • Fallen European empires have left their stamp on the world's gene-pools

    Most human populations are a product of mixture of genetically distinct groups that intermixed within the last 4,000 years.  Click here to read more in the UK's Daily Mail.

  • Genomes of Richard III and his relative to be sequenced


    The genomes of King Richard III and one of his family’s direct living descendants are to be sequenced in a project funded by the Wellcome Trust, the Leverhulme Trust and Professor Sir Alec Jeffreys.  Read about it here in Heritage Daily or here in The Guardian.

  • RootsTech Ancestry.com Blogger Breakfast


    While the FamilySearch dinner was a huge affair, Ancestry.com kept their blogger meeting very intimate.  Click here to read a summary of it in The Ancestry Insider.

  • The Ghost in your Genes - BBC Horizon