• According to an article by Dick Eastman in his Online Genealogy Newsletter, if you go back 40 generations, you have 2,199,023,255,550 ancestors. The problem: that is far more people than have ever lived on the face of the earth. How is that

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  • SNPs (single nucleotide polymorphisms) offer a definitive answer to a potential relationship. When one person is positive (derived) for a SNP and the other person is negative (ancestral) for the same SNP, they are not related in genealogical

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  • Here's a link to an informative article written by Debbie Kennett that appeared in

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  • The Big Y product is a Y-chromosome direct paternal lineage test. It is designed to explore deep ancestral links on the common paternal tree. Big Y tests thousands of known branch markers as well as millions of places where there may be new

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  • By themselves, Y-chromosome DNA (Y-DNA) short tandem repeat (STR) markers from a Y-DNA test do not have any particular meaning. The value of testing Y-DNA STR markers comes from creating a Y-DNA signature (haplotype) with them and comparing that

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